Papers by Author: Larry L. Hench

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Authors: Larry L. Hench, Ioan Notingher
Abstract: We present a new bio-photonic method based on Raman spectroscopy able to characterize living cells in in-vitro cultures. The main advantages of this technology are: no labels or other contrast enhancers are required; provides real-time analysis; cells can be maintained in physiological conditions during the measurements; no cell-damage is induced during the measurements; it is rich in information about the biochemical composition of the cell. The results show that this spectroscopic method can be used to study the most important cellular functions involved in cell-biomaterial interactions, such as cell death, differentiation, de-differentiation and mineralization. The method offers the potential for studying cell-bioceramics interaction and reduce the need of animal testing until the final steps of proving efficacy prior to clinical trials.
Authors: Larry L. Hench, Julia M. Polak
Abstract: Historically the function of biomaterials has been to replace diseased, damaged and aged tissues. First generation biomaterials, including bio ceramics, were selected to be as inert as possible in order to minimize the thickness of interfacial scar tissue. Bioactive glasses provided an alternative from the 1970’s onward; second generation bioactive bonding of implants with tissues and no interfacial scar tissue. This chapter reviews the discovery that controlled release of biologically active Ca and Si ions from bioactive glasses leads to the up-regulation and activation of seven families of genes in osteoprogenitor cells that give rise to rapid bone regeneration. This finding offers the possibility of creating a new generation of gene activating bioceramics designed specially for tissue engineering and in situ regeneration of tissues.
Authors: Larry L. Hench
Authors: M. Bellantone, N.J. Coleman, Larry L. Hench
Authors: Priya Saravanapavan, S. Verrier, Larry L. Hench
Authors: Priya Saravanapavan, Julie E. Gough, Julian R. Jones, Larry L. Hench
Authors: U. Lohbauer, G. Jell, Priya Saravanapavan, Julian R. Jones, Larry L. Hench
Abstract: In dentistry, chronic periodontitis often leads to bone resorption together with an increasing risk of bacteremia. Bioactive glass has found extensive application as dental graft material. A successful antimicrobial bactericidal effect has been shown from the introduction of Ag2O into the glass composition. In this study, the cytotoxicity of soluble silver, calcium and silica ions on primary human osteoblasts was investigated by measurements of mitochondrial activity and neutral red dye uptake. Silver concentrations of 4 - 6 ppm (1 mg/ml conc.) and 6 - 9 ppm (2 mg/ml conc.) have been measured in complete culture medium. It was found that the bioactive gel-glass extract with an initial concentration of 1 mg/ml (1mg glass per ml of culture medium) has no negative effect, whereas increased gel-glass concentration of 2 mg/ml seemed to have a toxic effect on the cell viability of human osteoblasts. It might be concluded that a reduction of the rate of silver dissolution from the bioactive gel-glass might preserve a maximum cell viability.
Authors: Larry L. Hench
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