Papers by Author: Liang Chi Zhang

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Authors: Liang Chi Zhang, E.C.S. Kiat, Alokesh Pramanik
Abstract: To produce lifelong, harmless hip joint prostheses, considerable cross-disciplinary studies have been carried out. The research includes adaptability and sustainability of artificial materials to human body, selection of materials, precision fabrication and efficient replacement operation. This paper provides a brief review of some of these key aspects with some details in abrasive polishing.
Authors: Kausala Mylvaganam, Liang Chi Zhang
Abstract: This paper discusses the methods of promoting covalent bonds between polymer and carbon nanotubes to make high performance composites. Such methods involve attachment of chemical moieties (i.e. functional groups) to the sidewalls of carbon nanotubes, introduction of mechanical deformation on nanotubes, or generation of radicals on the polymer chains using free radical generators. The implementation of the latter method is demonstrated at both quantum mechanics and molecular dynamics levels.
Authors: Mei Liu, Hai Hui Ruan, Liang Chi Zhang
Abstract: To meet different electrical or optical functionalities, thin films are often of multiple layers processed at high temperatures. Substantial residual stresses can therefore develop in such thin film systems due to the disparate thermal properties of the individual material layers. High stresses can lead to mechanical failure of the systems and thus understanding the residual stresses in thin film systems is important. This paper presents a systematic way to characterize the residual stresses in epitaxial, polycrystalline and amorphous layers by using X-ray diffraction (XRD) techniques. The single-point XRD pattern renders the stresses of crystalline layers and the scanning XRD gives the curvature of the whole film. Based on the newly-developed analytical model, the residual stresses of each layer can all be determined.
Authors: Yuan Tong Gu, Liang Chi Zhang
Abstract: This paper presents a concurrent multiscale method for the stress analysis of solids using a coupled meshless and molecular dynamic analysis. A new transition algorithm using transition particles was employed to ensure the compatibility of both displacements and their gradients. The equivalent continuum strain energy density was obtained locally based on the atomic potential and Cauchy-Born rule, and hence plasticity can be easily handled in not only the atomic domain but also the continuum domain. Numerical examples demonstrated that the present multiscale technique has a promising potential of application to multiscale systems subjected to deformation.
Authors: Li Chang, Liang Chi Zhang
Abstract: It is known that silicon, during nanoindentation unloading, undergoes various phase transformations beneath the indenter. Investigations into the details are however not available. This paper studies the unloading behavior of silicon subjected to cyclic nanoindentations. The results show that the elastic unloading behavior of the material can be described by a power relationship, P = α∙hm, where P is the load, h is the elastic displacement, and α and m are material constants. It was found that the values of α and m were almost independent of the phase transition events, indicating that the elastic response of the material is mostly governed by the mechanical properties of Si-I phase while the influence of the phase transformations is negligible.
Authors: Thai Nguyen, Liang Chi Zhang
Abstract: This paper reviews two cooling methods for surface grinding. These include i) replacing the toxic coolant by a mixture of cold air and vegetable oil mist, and ii) minimising the use of coolant using a segmented grinding wheel system. The discussion concludes that the cold air-oil mist provides an environmentally conscious mean for surface grinding. However, due to the limit of its cooling capacity, it is more applicable for fine grinding. Using the segmented wheel system can minimise coolant consumption and can improve grindability.
Authors: Jia Bin Lu, Juan Yu, Qiu Sheng Yan, Wei Qiang Gao, Liang Chi Zhang
Abstract: Based on the magnetorheological (MR) effect of abrasive slurry, this paper presents an innovative superfine machining method. In this technique, the particle-dispersed MR fluid is used as a special instantaneous bond to cohere abrasive particles and magnetic particles so as to form a dynamical tiny-grinding wheel. This tiny-grinding wheel can be used to polish the surface of brittle materials in millimeter or sub-millimeter scale. The characteristics of the machined glass surfaces examined by the scanning electron microscope (SEM) and the Talysurf roughness tester confirmed the effectiveness of the finishing technique. The machined surface with convex center and concave fringe demonstrates that the material removal process is dominated by the synergy of the applied pressure and the relative velocity between the abrasives and workpiece. In the case of glass finishing, the mode of material removal is found to be plastic, and controlled by the abrasive-wear mechanism.
Authors: Yi Qing Chen, Feng Zai Tang, Liang Chi Zhang
Abstract: This paper reports the specimen preparation using an advanced dual beam focused ion beam (FIB) technique for bulk polycrystalline diamond (PCD) composites after dynamic friction polishing (DFP). The technique adapted allows for precisely processing diamond materials at the specific polishing track sites of PCD surface, from which large cross-sectional specimens for SEM/EDS/Raman microanalysis could be successfully created. In addition, an in-situ lift-out method was developed to prepare the site-specific HRTEM specimens which were thin enough for imaging the atomic lattice of diamond and for conducting EELS analysis.
Authors: Yong Guang Wang, Liang Chi Zhang
Abstract: Chemo-mechanical polishing (CMP) has been a useful method to produce superior brittle wafer surfaces. This paper reviews the CMP of silicon carbide and sapphire wafers, focusing on efficiency of the polishing rate. The effects of slurry type, slurry pH value and mixed abrasives will be discussed in detail.
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