Papers by Author: M.F. Barthe

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Authors: Patrick Ganster, A. Borbely, V. Barnier, Pierre Desgardin, M.F. Barthe, Frédéric Soisson, Maylise Nastar, Laure Martinelli, Clara Desgranges
Abstract: On Ni and Ni-16wt%.Cr model-alloys compressed at 30 % and 60 % deformation, point-defects and dislocations concentrations are respectively characterized by positron annihilation spectroscopy and x-ray diffraction analysis. The positron results show that only mono-vacancies are formed during compressive test The X-ray results allows us to quantify the dislocation concentration in the systems. Saturation of defect densities is observed in measurements for these high deformation rates. In support to the experimental work, an homogeneous kinetic model is used to characterize point-defect – dislocation interactions to estimate the kinetics of vacancy restoration to equilibrium concentration.
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Authors: O. Fiquet, L. Da-Silva, F. Garcia-Ferre, M. Brothier, Gaëlle Carlot, Philippe Garcia, Guillaume Martin, M.F. Barthe
Abstract: Mixed Uranium-Plutonium Carbides are candidate fuels for 4th generation nuclear reactors. In this frame, a research program is underway at CEA (French alternative and atomic energies commission) to gather basic properties of such material to get a better understanding of in-pile behaviour. In the field of solid state physics, the measurement of transport properties and in particular diffusion coefficient requires the preparation of uranium carbide samples with very specific characteristics: very low oxygen content, mono-phased UC, high density (greater than 95% of the theoretical one), coarse microstructure, accurate samples geometry. In this paper the Process development is presented to manufacture such samples and the specific equipments which have been set up in glove-box. Characterizations of the first samples are also given.
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