Papers by Author: M. Galetz

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Authors: Alexander Donchev, M. Galetz, M. Schütze
Abstract: Intermetallic light weight TiAl-alloys are expected to replace the heavy Ni-based super alloys in several high temperature applications. However until now they cannot be used at temperatures above 700°C for longer times due to their insufficient oxidation resistance. The high temperature oxidation behavior can be improved drastically for the use at temperatures up to at least 1050°C by small amounts of fluorine in the surface region of TiAl-components. A thin protective alumina layer is formed after an optimized fluorine treatment during exposure in oxidizing high temperature environments. Results of isothermal and thermocyclic high temperature oxidation tests of untreated and halogen treated TiAl-samples of new types of TiAl-alloys containing Mo, Cu and Si will be presented in this paper. These results will be compared and discussed considering the beneficial effect of fluorine for a later use as e.g. turbine blades in jet engines. Key words: Titanium aluminides, high temperature oxidation, halogen effect,
Authors: G. Bonnet, M. Mollard, B. Rannou, J. Balmain, F. Pedraza, X. Montero, M. Galetz, Michael Schütze
Abstract: Novel, unconventional type of high temperature coating systems can be elaborated by depositing Al micro-particles on nickel base substrates, using an appropriate binder, and converting them into a thermal barrier type coating by a two-step heat treatment under argon. Final result is a coating structure consisting of a quasi-foam top coat, constituted by spherical hollow alumina particles, surmounting a β-NiAl diffusion layer able to form during high-temperature oxidation a protective alumina scale. In this work, pure nickel was employed as a model material to evaluate the effects of moderate temperatures (550-700°C), dwelling times and Al particle size on the final characteristics of the coatings. Almost no diffusion occurred below 600°C. In contrast, a Ni2Al3 layer very quickly formed at 650 or 700°C. The rapidity of coating formation was attributed to the appearance of a liquid phase at the coating/substrate interface. The increase of dwelling time did not provide any significant thickness increase as the Al particles got practically emptied after 2h. In addition, the use of different micro-sized particles resulted in similar Al diffusion coatings under the investigated conditions.
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