Papers by Author: Michael V. Swain

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Authors: Jun Ning Chen, Rohana Ahmad, Michael V. Swain, Wei Li, Hanako Suenaga, Qing Li
Abstract: Implant-retained overdenture has been widely applied as a solution to edentulous ageing; however, a major concern for the denture wearers is bone resorption induced by the prosthetic interaction with soft tissue and bone. Early studies have revealed that the bone resorption is associated with the disturbance to the mucosa blood flow. This study aimed to investigate the contact pressure induced by an implant-retained overdenture, compared to a conventional complete denture without implants, which implies the potential bone resorption for clinical investigation. A three-dimensional finite element model of a full jaw, including mandible bone, mucosa, and denture, was created through a reverse engineering method based on CBCT images, in which the hyperelastic behaviour of mucosa was determined by curve-fitting to the clinical measurement, for a more realistic response. It is found that the location of the bone loss differed between the implant retained and non-implant complete dentures. With the implants, the denture displaced more at posterior ends towards the mucosa bearing area, leading to higher contact pressure accounted for more severe local bone loss.
Authors: V. Zelizko, Michael V. Swain
Authors: Wei Li, Chaiy Rungsiyakull, Zhong Pu Zhang, Shi Wei Zhou, Michael V. Swain, Ionut Ichim, Qing Li
Abstract: Bioceramics have rapidly emerged as one of major biomaterials in modern biomedical applications because of its outstanding biocompatibility. However, one drawback is its low tensile strength and fracture toughness due to brittleness and inherent microstructural defects, which to a certain extent prevents the ceramics from fully replacing metals used as load-bearing prostheses. This paper aims to model the crack initiation and propagation in ceramic fixed partial denture, namely dental bridge, by using two recently developed methods namely continuum-to-discrete element method (CDEM) in ELFEN and extended finite element methods (XFEM) in ABAQUS. Unlike most existing studies that typically required prescriptions of initial cracks, these two new approaches will model crack initiation and propagation automatically. They are applied to a typical prosthodontic example, thereby demonstrating their applicability and effectiveness in biomedical applications.
Authors: Ren Sheng Shen, V. Zelizko, Michael V. Swain
Authors: Daniel Lin, Qing Li, Wei Li, Michael V. Swain
Abstract: Currently, titanium dominates the dental implant materials due to its strength and bio-inerrability. The use of titanium implant had demonstrated considerable surgical success. However, researchers are spontaneously pursuing better materials to achieve better osseointegration in the early stage of implantation. Recently, dental implants based on functionally graded material (FGM) were introduced in pursuit for the goal of enhanced bio-compatibility. The concept for FGM dental implant is that the property would vary in certain pattern to match the biomechanical characteristics required at different regions in the oral bone. However, mating properties do not necessarily guarantee better osseointegration and bone remodelling. There is no existing report available on the long-term effect of FGM dental implant on its hosting bone tissues. This paper aims at exploring this critical problem by using computational bone remodelling technique. The magnitude of bone remodelling due to use of FGM implant is identified over a healing period of four years. Comparisons were made between titanium and various FGM designs, the interesting differences were observed and the optimum FGM design was suggested based on the remodelling results.
Authors: K. Proos, Michael V. Swain, J. Ironside, G. Steven
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