Papers by Author: Mohammad Iqbal

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Authors: Mohamed Konneh, Mohammad Iqbal, Nik Mohd Azwan Faiz
Abstract: Silicon Carbide (SiC) is a type of ceramic that belongs to the class of hard and brittle material. Machining of ceramic materials can result in surface alterations including rough surface, cracks, subsurface damage and residual stresses. Efficient milling of high performance ceramic involves the selection of appropriate operating parameters to maximize the material removal rate (MRR) while maintaining the low surface finish and limiting surface damage. SiC being a ceramic material, its machining poses a real problem due to its low fracture toughness, making it very sensitive to crack. The paper discusses milling of silicon carbide using diamond coated end mill under different machining conditions in order to determine the surface roughness parameter, Rt after the machining processes and to establish a relationship between the machining parameters and response variables. Based on the surface roughness carried out the lowest Rt obtained is 0.46 µm.
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Authors: A.N. Mustafizul Karim, M.A.H. Hamdan, M. Zahangir Alam, Mohammad Iqbal
Abstract: This paper presents an analysis on the economic suitability of a large scale plant for the production of cellulase enzyme from Palm Oil Mill Effluent (POME). Based on the data and other relevant information gathered from indigenous operation of a lab and a pilot scale bio-reactors (30L and 300L capacities), a predicted evaluation of economic aspects of enzyme production with a 3000L bioreactor has been made. Factors such as the initial price and installation cost, the expenses for raw materials, operation and maintenance of the plant, overhead, utilities, logistics etc. were considered. Enzyme output from the proposed bioreactor was estimated depending on the optimum operational conditions established by the small scale investigation. Net present value (NPV) of the project was evaluated by using the discounted cash-flow analysis. With a conservative view of 5% escalation of recurring costs and a target of 70% capacity utilization an NPV of MYR 2,5 million was found to be achievable for a 10% discount rate and a plant life of 10 years,. Economic scenario developed for 50-100% range capacity utilization indicating the NPV can be helpful in making decisions for implementation of such plants. Thus production of cellulase enzyme from POME using a 3000L bioreactor is found to be economically attractive.
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Authors: Mohamed Konneh, Mohammad Iqbal, M. Asnawi B. Kasim, Nurbahiah B. Mohd Isa
Abstract: The primary applications of silicon carbide SiC-based materials, which include include micro-structures, optoelectronic devices, high temperature electronics, radiation hard electronics and high power/high frequency devices to name a few have necessitated the need for machining SiC. The paper presents the outcome of milling of silicon carbide using diamond coated end mill under different machining conditions in order to determine the surface roughness parameter after the machining processes. Relationship between the machining parameters and response variables has been established and a mathematical model has been predicted, the minimum roughness value, Rz being 0.19 µm.
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Authors: Muhammad Ridwan Andi Purnomo, Mohammad Iqbal, Mila Faila Sufa
Abstract: The multiple routes travelling salesman problem (mrTSP) is an extension of the well-known travelling salesman problem (TSP), where there are several points clusters to be visited by salesman. The problem to be solved is how to define the best route in every cluster and initial position of each routes as interconnection points for the salesman. In this paper, modified genetic algorithm (mGA) is proposed in order to solve the mrTSP problem. In the proposed mGA, new heuristic algorithm for crossover and mutation operator based on local shortest path algorithm is proposed in order to assist the mGA to improve 'best solution so far'. Numerical examples are also given to test the performance of proposed mGA when solving mrTSP. The result of the study shows that the mGA is superior compared to conventional GA.
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Authors: Mohammad Iqbal, Muhammad Ridwan Andi Purnomo, Muhammad Ammar Bin Mohd Imra, Mohamed Konneh, A.N. Mustafizul Karim
Abstract: Material handling is one of major components in Flexible Manufacturing System (FMS). Any improvement of material handling capability is to affect the performance of the whole system. This paper discusses the simulation study on the effect of part arrival rate and dispatching rules to the average waiting time and production rate of the FMS. The facilities of the system were modeled into simulation environment by using Arena Simulation Software. The production parameters such as machine processing times, part transportation speed and type of products were put into the model to represent the behaviors of the real system. Two rules have been considered in the study, i. e. first come first served (FCFS), and shortest processing time (SPT). Average waiting time and productivity were taken into account as performance measures of the system. The result of the study showed that SPT rule gives shorter average waiting time and higher productivity. Based on this result, the SPT rules would be used to control part transporter in order to have a better performance of the FMS.
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