Papers by Author: Nack J. Kim

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Authors: Duk Hyun Nam, Kyu Hong Lee, Sung Hak Lee, Nack J. Kim, Kyu Young Kim
Abstract: This study aims at correlating microstructure with hardness and corrosion resistance of surface alloyed materials fabricated with Fe-based metamorphic powders by an accelerated electron beam irradiation method. The surface alloyed materials contained 48 vol.% of hard Cr2B crystalline phases in the Cr0.19Fe0.7Ni0.11 matrix, and thus its hardness was 2.5 times greater than that of the steel substrate. The corrosion resistance of the surface alloyed materials was better than that of an STS304 stainless steel or coatings fabricated by high-velocity oxygen fuel spraying of Fe-based metamorphic powders because the Cr0.19Fe0.7Ni0.11 matrix of the surface alloyed layers and coating was selectively corroded, while Cr2B borides were retained inside pits. These findings suggested that the fabricated surface alloyed materials presented good application possibilities as excellent wear- and corrosion-resistant materials.
1165
Authors: Young Min Kim, Sung Kyu Kim, Nack J. Kim
Abstract: The yield ratio of various HSLA steels has been correlated with the materials constants of Swift equation. It has been shown that the materials constants, b and N, of Swift equation can be related to microstructural features such as the dislocation density and volume fraction of constituent phases. In particular, the constant b can be expressed as a function of volume fraction of constituent phases. It has also been shown that the yield ratio has a linear relationship with ln(b/N2). Since the microstructural features often have opposing effects on the values of b and N, careful control of microstructure is necessary to optimize the yield ratio and other properties. The possible way of decreasing the yield ratio without sacrificing other properties of HSLA steels is suggested based on the relationship between yield ratio and the materials constants of Swift equations.
289
Authors: Dae H. Kang, Min S. Yoo, Sung S. Park, Nack J. Kim
Abstract: A study has been made on the tensile and creep properties of squeeze and die cast Mg alloys, with emphasis on the effect of second phase particles. Two different microstructures were compared; the microstructure with thermally unstable particles along grain boundaries (AZ91 alloy) and the microstructure with thermally stable particles along grain boundaries as well as within matrix (MX alloy). The experimental MX alloy has equivalent room temperature tensile strength to AZ91 alloy with higher ductility. Moreover, elevated temperature tensile properties and creep resistance of MX alloy are higher than those of AZ91 alloy. Such improved properties of MX alloy over those of AZ91 alloy are due to the optimized microstructure of the former.
521
Authors: Sung S. Park, Young Min Kim, Dae H. Kang, Nack J. Kim
Abstract: AZ31 and experimental ZMA611 alloys were strip cast into 2 mm thick strips. The as-cast AZ31 alloy strip consists of columnar dendrites. On the other hand, as-cast ZMA611 alloy strip shows equiaxed dendritic structure through the thickness of strip. These alloys were subjected to various thermomechanical treatments and their tensile properties were evaluated. Strip cast AZ31 alloy in H24 condition has equivalent yield and tensile strengths with similar ductility compared to commercial ingot cast AZ31-H24 alloy, indicating that strip casting is a viable process for the fabrication of Mg alloy strips. The ZMA611 alloy has a large volume fraction of fine dispersoid particles in the microstructure, resulting from the beneficial effect of strip casting on microstructural refinement. It has been shown that the ZMA611 alloy has superior tensile properties compared to commercial ingot cast AZ31-H24 alloy, suggesting the possibility of the development of new wrought Mg alloy sheets by strip casting.
457
Authors: Sung S. Park, Dae H. Kang, Geun Tae Bae, Nack J. Kim
Abstract: AZ31 and experimental ZMA611 alloys were strip cast into 2 mm thick strips. The as-cast AZ31 alloy strip consists of columnar dendrites. On the other hand, as-cast ZMA611 alloy strip shows equiaxed dendritic structure through the thickness of strip. Strip cast AZ31 alloy in H24 condition has equivalent yield and tensile strengths with similar ductility compared to commercial ingot cast AZ31-H24 alloy, indicating that strip casting is a viable process for the fabrication of Mg alloy strips. The ZMA611 alloy has a large volume fraction of fine dispersoid particles in the microstructure, resulting from the beneficial effect of strip casting on microstructural refinement. It has been shown that the ZMA611 alloy has superior tensile properties compared to commercial ingot cast AZ31-H24 alloy, suggesting the possibility of the development of new wrought Mg alloy sheets by strip casting.
431
Authors: Dong Geun Lee, Yang Gon Kim, Byoung Chul Hwang, Sung Hak Lee, Nack J. Kim
Abstract: Dynamic deformation and fracture behavior of Zr-based bulk metallic glass (BMG) and BMG composite containing dendritic β phases was investigated in this study. Dynamic compressive test results indicated that both maximum compressive stress and total strain of the BMG and BMG composite decreased with increasing test temperature because shear bands could propagate rapidly as the adiabatic heating effect was added at high temperatures. Above the glass transition temperature, total strain decreased more abruptly due to crystallization of amorphous phases. Maximum compressive stress and total strain of the BMG composite were higher than those of the BMG because β phases played a role in forming multiple shear bands. The BMG composite having more excellent dynamic properties than the BMG can be more reliably applied to the structures or parts requiring dynamic properties.
629
Authors: Hak Cheol Lee, Xiao Dan Wu, Young Min Kim, Nack J. Kim
Abstract: Effects of acicular ferrite and retained austenite on the mechanical properties of bainite-base steels were investigated. Various morphology and volume fraction of constituent phases have been obtained by control of hot rolling conditions and alloy compositions. It has been shown that the steels containing retained austenite have better combinations of strength and ductility than the ones with no retained austenite. However, there is no noticeable change in DBTT by the incorporation of retained austenite in the microstructure since retained austenite exists as fine particles. On the other hand, DBTT of the steels are largely affected by the presence of acicular ferrite in the microstructure. EBSD analyses of fractured Charpy specimens show that cracks are deflected within the morphological packet of acicular ferrite, indicating its role in reducing the effective grain size of the steels.
780
Authors: Geun Tae Bae, Sang Bok Lee, Kwang Seok Lee, Young Won Chang, Nack J. Kim
691
Authors: Yeon Jun Chung, Jung Lae Park, Nack J. Kim, Kwang Seon Shin
Abstract: The effects of alloying elements on the microstructure and high temperature mechanical properties of Mg-Al alloys were investigated in this study. In order to improve the high temperature mechanical properties, Sr or Mm was added to the Mg-9Al alloy. The effect of Sn on the Mg-9Al alloy was also examined since Sn was expected to improve the high temperature mechanical properties by forming the thermally stable Mg2Sn phase. The specimens used in this study were produced on a 320 ton cold chamber high-pressure die casting machine. The microstructures of the specimens were examined by optical and scanning electron microscopy and tensile and creep tests were performed at elevated temperatures. Tensile tests were carried out at room temperature, 150oC and 200oC using an initial strain rate of 2×10-4/sec. In addition, tensile creep tests were conducted at the stress levels of 50 MPa and 70 MPa. From the microstructure analyses of the specimens after heat treatment at 400oC for 12 hours, it was found that most of the Mg17Al12 precipitate dissolved into the matrix, while the thermally stable phases continued to exist. The high temperature mechanical properties of the Mg-9Al alloys were found to improve significantly with the additions of Sr, Mm and Sn, due to the formation of the thermally stable precipitates.
845
Authors: Hak Cheol Lee, Jin Won Choi, Jin Keun Oh, Nack J. Kim
Abstract: Effects of microstructural and environmental factors on fatigue crack propagation behavior of welded regions of cast Ti-6Al-4V alloy were investigated. Fatigue crack propagation tests were conducted for the welded regions, which were processed by two different welding methods: gas tungsten arc (GTA) welding and electron beam (EB) welding, under various load ratios (R=0.1, 0.9) and atmosphere (air, seawater). EB weld consisting of very thin α platelets had the faster crack propagation rate than the base metal and GTA weld, regardless of load ratio and atmosphere. Fatigue crack propagation rates at high load ratio (R=0.9) were faster than those obtained at low load ratio (R=0.1) and there was no crack closure at high load ratio (R=0.9), indicating that fatigue crack propagation at high load ratio was mainly controlled by intrinsic factors such as microstructure. Fatigue crack growth resistances in seawater atmosphere were slightly lower than those in air, but showed the similar trend with variation of specimen conditions. The degrees of crack closure were almost same regardless of specimen conditions in seawater atmosphere, suggesting that the fatigue crack propagation in seawater was mainly controlled by intrinsic factors such as microstructure.
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