Papers by Author: Nho Kwang Park

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Authors: Nho Kwang Park, C.H. Lee, Jeoung Han Kim, Jae Keun Hong
Abstract: In this study, direct powder rolling was applied to make thin sheets from HDH (hydrogenation and dehydrogenation) powders. Effects of materials and process parameters on tensile properties of sintered sheets are investigated. In the direct powder rolling with two-horizontal counter-rotating rollers, materials parameters including powder size and process parameters such as roll gap, roll speed, and packing height are controlled. With -100mesh Ti powders, CP titanium sheets of a thickness up to 1.5mm and a width up to 300mm were obtained without any rolling defects. Sintering of the rolled strips was performed between 1000°C and 1250°C at 50°C intervals for 1hour to 4 hours. The relative density of the sintered strips was found to be around 85 to 90 percent. After sintering, the complete densification was made by cold rolling, and microstructures and tensile properties were evaluated after annealing treatment at 750°C for 2 hours.
Authors: Jong Taek Yeom, Jeoung Han Kim, Nam Yong Kim, Nho Kwang Park, Chong Soo Lee
Abstract: The dynamic globularization behavior during hot working of Ti-6Al-4V alloy was investigated by high temperature torsion tests. The torsion tests were carried out to investigate microstructure evolution occurring during dynamic globularization in Ti-6Al-4V alloy. The torsion tests were performed under a wide range of temperatures and strain rates with true strain up to 2. The flow curves revealed that the amount of flow softening for the fine alpha-lamellae structure was higher than that for the coarse alpha-lamellae structure under the temperature of 900oC. The effects of hot deformation parameters and initial microstructures on the dynamic globularization were analyzed.
Authors: Jong Taek Yeom, J.H. Park, J.W. Lee, Nho Kwang Park
Abstract: Friction welding of dissimilar materials, Ni-base superalloy IN713LC and oil-quench plus tempered AISI 4140 steel, was investigated. Friction welding was carried out with various process variables such as friction pressure and time. The quality of welded joints was tested by applying bending stresses in an appropriate jig. Microstructures of the heat-affected zone (HAZ) were investigated along with micro-hardness tests over the friction weld joints. DEFORM-2D FE code was used to simulate the effect of welding variables in friction welding process on the distributions of the state variables such as strain, strain rate and temperature. The formation of the metal burr during the friction welding process was successfully simulated, and the temperature distribution in the heat-affected zone indicated a good agreement with the variation of the microstructures in the HAZ.
Authors: Jeoung Han Kim, Jong Taek Yeom, Nho Kwang Park, Chong Soo Lee
Abstract: The high-temperature deformation behavior of the single-phase α (Ti-7.0Al-1.5V) and α + β (Ti-6Al-4V) alloy were determined and compared within the framework of self-consistent scheme at various temperature ranges. For this purpose, isothermal hot compression tests were conducted at temperatures between 650°C ~ 950°C to determine the effect of α/β phase volume fraction on average flow stress under hot-working condition. The flow behavior of α phase was estimated from the compression test results of single-phase α alloy whose chemical composition is close to that of α phase of Ti-6Al-4V alloy. On the other hand, the flow stress of β phase in Ti-6Al-4V was predicted by using self-consistent method. The flow stress of α phase was higher than that of β phase above 750°C, while the β phase revealed higher flow stress than α phase at 650°C. Also, at temperature above 750°C, the predicted strain rate of β phase was higher than that of α phase. It was found that the relative strength between α and β phase significantly varied with temperature.
Authors: Jong Taek Yeom, Chong Soo Lee, Jeoung Han Kim, Dong Geun Lee, Nho Kwang Park
Abstract: A methodology for evaluating and predicting component lives in creep-fatigue interaction region was investigated for Waspaloy. A unified viscoplasticity constitutive equation including multi-back stresses was used to describe cyclic material behaviors. Also, a continuum damage model coupling with the creep-fatigue damage rules was established based on the analysis of creep and low cycle fatigue behavior. Multi-axial fatigue and creep equivalent stress concepts were employed to predict three dimensional component lives. Notched cyclic tests under various stress conditions in the creep-fatigue interaction region were carried out to validate the life prediction methodology with FEM simulation based on the continuum damage model. The comparison of experimental data and prediction results indicates that the continuum damage model is a powerful approach for the prediction of component lives.
Authors: Seon Jin Kim, Yu Sik Kong, Won Taek Jung, Jong Taek Yeom, Nho Kwang Park
Abstract: The purpose of this study is to investigate the high temperature creep life of Waspaloy using the Initial Strain Parameter Technique (ISPT). The creep tests were performed at the elevated temperatures from 550oC to 700 oC. Constant stress creep tests were carried out in the experiment. The initial strain was measured for one minute after loading. The creep life of Waspaloy was calculated using the creep life prediction equation of ISPT. The confidence level between the experimental rupture time and the calculated rupture time using the ISPT is within 95%. So, the results show that the creep life prediction by the ISPT was a good agreement with LMP method.
Authors: Nho Kwang Park, Jong Taek Yeom, Young Sang Na, J.S. Lee, In Ok Shim, S.S. Hong
Authors: Nho Kwang Park, Jin Gee Park, Sang Hyun Seo, Jeoung Han Kim
Abstract: Titanium and its alloys are difficult-to-form materials due to limited slip system and plastic anisotropy. Titanium is also prone to change in color due to oxidation at high temperatures. It is thus advisable to conduct deep drawing of titanium and its alloys at temperatures below 600°C. In this study, the drawability of Ti-6Al-4V sheet is evaluated in respect to the process parameters such as forming temperature, forming speed, and blank holding force at elevated temperatures. It is shown that the limit drawing ratio (LDR) increases with increasing temperature, but varies insignificantly with forming speed. The development of residual stresses in the wall of drawn cups during deformation was evaluated.
Authors: Dong Geun Lee, Yont Tai Lee, Jong Taek Yeon, Jeoung Han Kim, Nho Kwang Park, Sung Hak Lee
Abstract: Dynamic compressive tests were conducted on Zr-based amorphous alloys and amorphous matrix composite containing dendritic β phases. Dynamic compressive tests were conducted using a compressive Kolsky bar and then the test data were analyzed in relation to microstructure and fracture mode. Under dynamic loading, the maximum shear stress and ductility of the amorphous alloy and composite were considerably lower than those under quasi-static loading because of the decreased resistance to fracture. Deformation under dynamic loading lowered strain and compressive strength because of reduced fracture resistance, and the alloy containing dendritic β phases showed better compressive strength and ductility than the monolithic alloy.
Authors: Ju Beom Lim, Colleen J. Bettles, Barry C. Muddle, Nho Kwang Park
Abstract: The green strength of a powder compact results from the mechanical interlocking of the irregularities on the particle surfaces. During compaction, particle rearrangement, plastic deformation and particularly surface deformation of powders occur. Titanium powder is susceptible to interstitial element contamination, which may lead to solid solution strengthening of the particles and/or the formation of non-metallic compounds on the surface. However, the influence of these various impurities, namely oxygen and nitrogen, on the green strength has not been investigated. This work investigates and quantitatively evaluates the factors influencing the green strength of the powder compacts. The indirect tensile test was applied for the determination of the green strength of the powder compacts, and test results were compared to that of a more conventional 3-point bending test. The substantial dependence of green strength on both the amount of impurity element in the core of the powder particles and the compaction pressure is demonstrated. The effect of the surface condition of the powder particles on green strength is also reported.
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