Papers by Author: Nobusuke Hattori

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Authors: J. Ding, S. Nishida, Nobusuke Hattori, Di Zhang, Wen Xian Sun
Abstract: About 90% of steel structure™s failure was induced from the notched parts due to the stress concentration. Therefore it was very important to research how to improve the fatigue property of notched parts when the stainless steel was used as structural material. Rotating bending fatigue test was preformed to investigate the effect of different notch-machining process (Conventional lathe-machining, Combination of lathe-machining and roller-working) on fatigue strength of the typical austenitic stainless steel SUS304. Fatigue limit of roller-worked specimen was improved to 285% compared to that of lathe-machined specimen. It was found that, work hardening effect induced in roller-working process played an important role to improve the fatigue strength. In addition, the residual compressive stress and the fibriform structure in the specimen surface-layer induced by roller-working were also effective to improve the fatigue strength. Non-propagating fatigue crack was observed in the notch surface of the roller-worked SUS304 for the first time.
Authors: Li Sha He, Nobusuke Hattori
Abstract: The present investigation attempts to evaluate the improvement of working by bolt on the fatigue limit of structural steel sheets with drilling a circular hole. The material used in this study is structural steel (JIS SM400A). And the specimens are identified to two types of the non-worked specimen and the worked specimen. The results obtained in this study can be summarized as follows: (1) The fatigue limit of worked specimens increases than that of non-worked specimen. Futhermore, there has a suitable value of the torque for improving the fatigue limits. (2) The reasons of enhancing the fatigue strength of the worked specimens are due to the elastic deformation, the plastic deformation and the changing of stress concentration part. Our investigations confirm the advantages of this working method which repaired the structural steel sheets by bolt.
Authors: Cong Ling Zhou, Shinichi Nishida, Nobusuke Hattori
Abstract: This study is developed to investigate the effect of monotonic plastic deformation on the torsional fatigue properties of a structural steel. Five different kinds of tensile pre-strain, 2%, 5%, 8%, 12% and 22%, were applied to the specimens, respectively. And the maximum pre-strain value is near to the necking strain of the test material. The effects of tensile pre-strain on surface hardness, fatigue crack initiation and propagation behaviors, and the behavior of non-propagating cracks. The main results obtained are: The fatigue limits are 145, 160,175, 200 and 215MPa for specimens with tensile pre-strain of 2% 5%, 8%, 12% and 22%, which are improved to 104%, 114%, 125%, 143% and 153% of the fatigue limit for non-pre-strained specimens, respectively. The torsional fatigue limit increases with the tensile pre-strain increasing, until the pre-strain value being near to the necking strain ratio. However, the fatigue limit increase becomes more slowly for high tensile pre-strained specimens than the lower ones. The fatigue cracks of the tensile pre-strained specimens initiated earlier than that of the non-pre-strained specimens, and the propagation is also accelerated, but there is no effect on the fatigue crack initiation point and the branch point. Non-propagating crack length becomes shorter with increasing of tensile pre-strain until the value near the necking strain, and the quantity of non-propagating crack increases at the same time.
Authors: Norio Shinohara, Nobusuke Hattori, M.T.I. Khan
Abstract: Mechanical properties, especially fatigue strength, of ferritic spheroidal graphite cast iron might depend not only on the graphite size but also on the ferrite grain size, little systematic research has been made on these factors. To clarify the influences of these structural factors as well as loading condition, fatigue tests have been carried out on ferritic spheroidal graphite cast iron with different sizes of graphite nodules and ferrite grains, under the axial loading with mean stress from -70MPa to 240MPa. The results obtained in this study are summarized as follows: (1) The fatigue limits are decreased with increasing graphite nodule and matrix grain sizes. (2) The fatigue limit decreases with increasing tensile mean stress. The fatigue limit at an arbitrary mean stress has been estimated by the modified Goodman diagram as well. (3) The parameter α is evaluated from the experimental results relating to the stress ratio R, for the mean stress acting on the tensile side and on the compressive side separately. For the case of R0, the value of α is 0.324. The result has been applied to the fatigue limit evaluation equation of Y.Murakami et al, the fatigue limit ratio falls within the range of about ±10%.
Authors: Shinichi Nishida, Nobusuke Hattori, Cong Ling Zhou, Akihiro Uchisako
Abstract: This paper is aimed to investigate the effect of roller working on the torsional fatigue properties of a typical low carbon steel referring by the resutls of FEM analysis. Three types of specimens had been prepared with plastic deformation value of 0, 0.5 and 1.0mm, respectively. The main results obtained in this study are as follows: (1) The torsional fatigue strength of roller-worked specimen with 1.0mm plastic deformation is increased more than twice of that of non-rollerworked specimens. (2) Surface hardness of roller worked specimen is much higher than that of the non-roller worked one, and compressed and elongated structure is formed at the notch bottom of the specimen. (3) Crack length along the axial direction of roller worked specimens is longer than that of the non-roller worked specimen, and plural cracks initiated and propagated in the roller worked specimens. (4) The residual stress distribution at the specimen’s notch bottom was analysed using FEM analysis and it is verified the same tendency as the experimental results.
Authors: Nobusuke Hattori, Shinichi Nishida, Masahiro Hara, Sun Young Son
Abstract: This study is focused to the effects of plastic working on the fatigue strength of Ti-6Al-4V alloy with notch. In general, the fatigue strength of plastic worked specimen is higher than that of non-worked one. However, the potential of hardening ability of Ti-6Al-4V alloy is very limited. Accordingly, the effect of work hardening on fatigue strength about this material is very small. In addition, the surface of the worked part becomes rougher with increasing plastic deformed value and the fatigue cracks initiate at this part. Consequently, the fatigue limit of the plastic worked specimen is lower than that of the non-plastic-worked one.
Authors: Nobusuke Hattori, Shinichi Nishida, Priyo Tri Iswanto
Abstract: In order to study the effect of plastic working on fatigue strength of notched specimen, pulsating fatigue tests had been performed on notched deformed stainless steel specimens including on notched non-deformed specimens in order to evaluate the influence of mean stress on fatigue strength. The test results showed that the fatigue limits of plastic worked specimens are higher than that of non-worked one. This difference value would be caused by residual stress, work hardening and fiber texture due to plastic working. When degree of plastic deformation equal zero ("t=0), the fatigue limit ratio (σw /σB) of SUS430 is the higher than that of SUS304. On the other hand, the fatigue limit of worked specimen for SUS304 increases as the plastic deformation value increases to 0.5 mm and then it does not significantly increase from 0.5 mm to 1 mm. It is necessary to investigate an optimal deformation value.
Authors: Wen Xian Sun, S. Nishida, Nobusuke Hattori, X.L. Yue
Abstract: In the present study, fatigue tests have been performed to study the effect of pre-strain on fatigue properties of NHH (New Head-Hardened) rail. The objectives of this study were: (1) to observe the microscopic behavior of specimens during pre-strain process, (2) to research the influence of pre-strain on fatigue strength of NHH rail and (3) to investigate initiation and propagation behavior of the fatigue crack. The results showed that plastic pre-strain decreased the fatigue strength of NHH rail; fatigue limits had no obvious variation among the different pre-strain ratios. Fatigue cracks initiated in the microscopic cracking or slip lines that were originated in the pre-strain process and propagated from these sites in the later fatigue test.
Authors: Cong Ling Zhou, Shinichi Nishida, Nobusuke Hattori
Abstract: Three kinds of materials, pure aluminum (Al1050), carbon steel (S25C) and eutectoid steel (NHH) with V-notch are used in this study to compare the effect of roller working on the fatigue properties among the test materials. As the result, all of the fatigue strengths are improved after roller working and the optimum deformation values exist for every test materials. Fiberized microstructure at the notch bottom, work hardening and compressive residual stress caused by roller working are considered as the main reasons for the fatigue strength improvement. The highest fatigue strength improvement of Al1050, S25C and NHH was 30%, 118% and 155%, respectively. The optimum fatigue improvement of NHH is the highest and it is much higher than that of Al1050, and the optimum deformation value of Al1050 is much lower than that of the other materials. Moreover, the roller working effect is much remarkable for the materials with better hardenability.
Authors: Priyo Tri Iswanto, Shinichi Nishida, Nobusuke Hattori, Yuji Kawakami
Abstract: In order to study the effect of plastic deformation on fatigue behaviors of plastically deformed specimen, bending fatigue tests had been performed on notched deformed stainless steel specimens. Also pulsating fatigue tests were done on notched non-deformed specimens to evaluate the influence of mean stress on fatigue behavior of notched non-deformed specimens. The result showed that according to increase of deformation value, the fatigue limits of these specimens also significantly increase. Fatigue limit of rolled specimen does not linearly increase with increase in plastic deformation value. Based on fatigue limit diagram, the effect of compressive residual stress on fatigue limit improvement of stainless steel is higher than that of work-hardening. In case of non-deformed specimen, when the compressive mean stress increases, the fatigue limit and the number of cycles to failure increase. In case of tensile mean stress, this kind of mean stress decreases the fatigue limit.
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