Papers by Author: Nong Gao

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Authors: Marco J. Starink, Shun Cai Wang, Nong Gao, H. Singh Ubhi, Cheng Xu, Terence G. Langdon
Abstract: The texture and grain boundary evolution during equal channel angular pressing (ECAP) of a spray-cast Al-7034 (Al-Zn-Mg-Cu) alloy containing intermetallic particles with a range of sizes was studied through electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD). Up to 8 passes of ECAP using route Bc were employed. The initial ECAP pass leads to the development of low angle grain boundaries and subsequent passes lead to a relatively rapid increase in the fraction of high angle grain boundaries. Before ECAP, the material possessed a strong <111> and <100> fibre texture. On ECAP, the <111> fibre texture component is mostly retained but the <100> fibre develops to a Cube texture after the first ECAP pass. Goss textures form from about 4 passes of ECAP.
Authors: Nong Gao
Abstract: Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) is a thermal analysis technique that measures the energy absorbed or released by a sample as a function of temperature or time. DSC has wide application for analysis of solid state reactions and solid-liquid reactions in many different materials. In recent years, DSC has been applied to analyze materials and alloys processed through Severe Plastic Deformation (SPD). The basic principle of SPD processing is that a very high strain is introduced into materials which achieve significant grain refinement and improve properties of materials. This review paper presents some recent examples of the applications of DSC for materials subjected to SPD, especially by Equal-Channel Angular Pressing and High-Pressure Torsion.
Authors: Yue Zhang, Saleh N. Alhajeri, Roberto B. Figueiredo, Nong Gao, Jing Tao Wang, Terence G. Langdon
Abstract: Room temperature equal-channel angular pressing (ECAP) was employed on commercial purity titanium in the present work. Mechanical twining was observed in ~90% grains while the grains were not significantly refined (~10 μm) after ECAP. TEM observations showed that the twins observed under OM are usually composed of a serial of parallel twin bands with a width of ~1 μm. Microhardness and tensile tests showed that such a coarse-grained microstructure combined with a high fraction of mechanical twins has a microhardness of ~ 240 Hv, yield strength of ~ 730 MPa, tensile strength of ~ 740 MPa and elongation to failure of ~ 16%. This yield strength is much higher than 620-640 MPa, the yield strength of ultrafine-grained titanium by 8~12 passes of ECAP at 450 oC with a grain size of 200-300 nm, and is close to ~ 790 MPa, the yield strength of commercial Ti-6Al-4V alloys.
Authors: Guo Fan Zhang, Xavier Sauvage, Jing Tao Wang, Nong Gao, Terence G. Langdon
Abstract: The phase decomposition was investigated in Cu-Al alloys processed to a nanostructure condition by High Pressure Torsion (HPT). The microstructures are characterized by optical microscopy (OM), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Atom Probe Tomography (APT). The results show that the’ → (1 + decomposition reaction begins in the early stage of annealing and it is much faster than in the coarse-grained state although there are similar phases after annealing.
Authors: Marco J. Starink, I. Sinclair, Nong Gao, Nicolas Kamp, Peter J. Gregson, P.D. Pitcher, A. Levers, Simon Gardiner
Authors: Nong Gao, Marco J. Starink, Minoru Furukawa, Z. Horita, Cheng Xu, Terence G. Langdon
Abstract: The precipitation and evolution of microstructure in a spray-cast Al-7034 alloy and a commercial wrought Al-2024 alloy were studied after equal-channel angular pressing (ECAP) using transmission electron microscopy and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). Microstructural examination showed the grain sizes of both alloys were reduced to the range of ~0.3–0.5 μm through ECAP. The DSC analysis identified the occurrence of thermal effects involving the formation, coarsening, dissolution and melting of the precipitate phases and concurrent recrystallization. The heating and ageing response of the alloys processed by ECAP was identified by micro-hardness testing of the samples after interrupted heating and ageing treatments.
Authors: Jiu Wen Zhang, Marco J. Starink, Nong Gao, Wen Long Zhou
Abstract: The strengthening of AlCuMg(Li) alloys subjected to high pressure torsion (HPT) deformation with strain reversals was studied by microhardness (Hv) tests and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). It was found that the strengthening is lower for both cyclic HPT (c-HPT) and single reversal HPT (sr-HPT) as compared to monotonic HPT (m-HPT). The DSC results demonstrate that |HPT influences S phase precipitation. With increasing strain, the maximum heat flow (height of the S peak) and the heat content of S formation peaks increases. There is a larger S heat content reaction in the periphery of HPT processed disks compared with those in the centre. Strain reversal also has a significant influence on the S precipitation. The strengthening during HPT deformation is discussed in terms of the density of statistically stored and geometrically necessary dislocations.
Authors: Shun Cai Wang, Marco J. Starink, Nong Gao
Authors: Nong Gao, L. Davin, Shao Ping Wang, Alfred Cerezo, Marco J. Starink
Authors: Marco J. Starink, Shun Cai Wang, Xiao Guang Qiao, Nong Gao, Hans Jørgen Roven, Terence G. Langdon
Abstract: The evolution of texture and deformation in the grains during one pass of equal-channel angular pressing (ECAP) was examined for fine grained high strength and low strength Al alloys and a coarse grained low strength Al alloy. The materials were analysed using electron back-scatter diffraction (EBSD). The results are consistent with the materials responding to the intense macroscopic shear stress by deformation of individual grains through movement of dislocations on one or more of the slip crystallographic slip planes {hkl} that are favourably oriented, combined with the rotation of grains to directions that bring main crystallographic slip planes parallel to the macroscopic shear direction and crystallographic slip directions parallel to two main shear directions. Contrary to reports claiming up to 4 slip systems are activated, it was observed that only the {111}<110> and {001}<110> shear systems are activated. Macroscopic shear deformation occurs on two shear planes: the main shear plane (MSP), equivalent to the simple shear plane, and a secondary shear plane which is perpendicular to the MSP.
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