Papers by Author: Noriyuki Tsuchida

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Authors: Yasunori Harada, Kenzo Fukaura, Noriyuki Tsuchida
Abstract: In this study, the grain refinement near the surface of metal workpiece using hot shot peening was investigated to improve the surface properties of the workpiece. In this process, the grains were refined due to plastic deformation generated by the collision of a lot of shots under hot working conditions. A model experiment using two shots was carried out to examine the effects of the amount of deformation, the processing temperature and the time interval of the collision on grain size. In the experiment, the workpieces were stainless steel SUS304 and commercially pure copper. It was found that the global surface layer successfully attained to the fine grains by means of hot shot peening.
Authors: Rintaro Ueji, Kenji Harada, Noriyuki Tsuchida, Kazutoshi Kunishige
Abstract: Tensile properties of twinning induced plasticity (TWIP) steels (31%Mn-3%Al-3%Si-Fe) with various mean grain sizes ranging from ultrafine grain size (1.1μm) to conventional one (35.5μm) at a wide range of strain rates from 10-3sec-1 to 103sec-1 were studied. The ultrafine grained TWIP steel exhibits a large work hardening and keeps an adequate elongation at any strain rate. The strength held to the Hall-Petch relationship at each strain rate and the Hall-Petch slopes do not change largely.
Authors: Midori Komada, Yoshikazu Kuroda, Ryo Murakami, Noriyuki Tsuchida, Yasunori Harada, Kenzo Fukaura, Shingo Fukumoto
Abstract: Microstructure and mechanical properties of high nitrogen steels whose chemical composition were Fe-17Cr-12Mn-3Mo and that was produced by using metal injection molding method and nitrogen absorption methods were examined. A compact which is furnace cooled from 1573 K has a brittle surface layer with high chromium and nitrogen contents but the surface layer disappears when the compact is held at 1473 K. The compact which is furnace cooled at 1473 K is observed precipitates in the grains and the grain boundary, while the compact which is quenched at 1473 K shows homogeneous microstructure. In the heat treatments at 1473 K for 2, 5, and 10 h, the nitrogen content becomes higher with increasing of holding time. In the holding times of 5 and 10 h, the microstructure is austenite. In the tensile tests, tensile strength becomes larger with increasing of nitrogen content. In the specimen which is conducted the heat treatment at 1473 K for 10 h, tensile strength is about 1,000 MPa and elongation is 80 %, which shows better balance of strength and elongation than SUS304 and SUS316 steels.
Authors: Yoshikazu Kuroda, Midori Komada, Ryo Murakami, Shingo Fukumoto, Noriyuki Tsuchida, Yasunori Harada, Kenzo Fukaura
Abstract: Ni-free austenitic steels containing high nitrogen have been developed to protect against earth resource. High nitrogen steels (HNS) have a lot of advantages, e.g., HNS have high strength, corrosion resistance, toughness, work hardening rate and large rocking parameter in the Hall-Petch equation. On the other hand, it is difficult to fabricate HNS by IM method under 0.1 MPa and to work at room temperature. We have tried to make HNS by combined use of metal injection molding method (MIM) and nitrogen absorption method. Powder compositions used was Fe-17Cr-12Mn-3Mo.The benefit of this method is to make metal parts in near net shape. In order to use this method, we should know the sintering heat schedule, timing for introducing nitrogen gas, gas pressure and setter material etc. Therefore, the shrinkage rate, density and the solution-treated microstructure of MIM compacts were examined to find out the optimum conditions.
Authors: Ryo Murakami, Yousuke Aoyama, Noriyuki Tsuchida, Yasunori Harada, Kenzo Fukaura
Authors: Yasunori Harada, T. Murao, Kenichiro Mori, Noriyuki Tsuchida, Kenzo Fukaura
Abstract: In this study, deep drawing using plastic die was investigated to prevent seizure during forming. In the deep drawing process of aluminum and titanium sheets, seizure was found to occur during forming due to a high reactivity with other metals. For the prevention of seizure, plastic dies were used in this study. These plastic materials have a good resistant to seizing, since no seizure occurs in the contact surface of the metal and plastic material. Moreover, the effects of seizure and wearing die on the dimensional accuracy of drawn cups were examined using nylon die. The blanks used were pure aluminum, aluminum alloy A5052 and pure titanium. The blanks could be successfully formed with a water lubricant. To increase the dimensional accuracy of the drawn cups, deep drawing using fiber-glass-reinforced nylon and plastic composite steel die was also attempted. It was found that the use of plastic die was very effective in preventing of seizure.
Authors: Noriyuki Tsuchida, Kenzo Fukaura, Yo Tomota, Atsushi Moriai, Hiroshi Suzuki
Abstract: Tensile deformation behaviors of three austenitic stainless steels, JIS-SUS310S, 304 and 301L, were studied by static tensile tests and in situ neutron diffraction. In the mechanical properties obtained by the static tensile tests, the 304 and 301L steels showed better balance of tensile strength and uniform elongation than the 310S one because of TRIP effect. The angular dispersion neutron diffractions with a wavelength of 0.16 or 0.182 nm were performed during stepwise tensile testing by using a neutron diffractometer for residual stress analysis (RESA) at the Japan Atomic Energy Agency. The lattice plane strain, stress-induced martensite volume fraction, dislocation density and so on were estimated by the profile analysis as a function of applied stress. The change in lattice plane spacing for austenite indicated four deformation stages. In the comparison of lattice plane strain among the tested steels, a phase stress caused by the stress-induced martensite seems to overlap the intergranular stress of austenite phase. Judging from the results of profile analysis, the strain partitioning of austenite phase in metastable austenitic steels became larger with increasing of the volume fraction of stress-induced martensite during tensile deformation.
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