Papers by Author: Omer Van der Biest

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Authors: Gert Roebben, Chao Zhao, Ren-Guan Duan, Jef Vleugels, Marc M. Heyns, Omer Van der Biest
775
Authors: Gert Roebben, L. Donzel, M. Steen, R. Schaller, Omer Van der Biest
655
Authors: Omer Van der Biest, L. Vandeperre, Stijn Put, Guy Anné, Jef Vleugels
Abstract: Electrophoresis is the effect that when an electric field is applied to a suspension of a powder in a liquid, the powder particles move under influence of this field. Frequently the powder particles also deposit at one of the electrodes. The form of the electrode determines the form of the deposit, hence shaping is possible. The current insights into the science and technology of electrophoretic deposition (EPD) will be summarized. EPD is well suited for shaping layered microstructures (laminates), by simply changing repeatedly between two or more suspensions during deposition. Tubular laminates consisting of silicon carbide layers and crack deflecting graphite interlayers have been produced. These tubes demonstrate an enhanced fracture energy and a gradual mode of failure. Another area of advanced ceramics where the use of EPD makes sense are functionally graded materials (FGM) in which one tries to combine in one component high hardness and high toughness. EPD allows the formation of FGM by depositing from a powder suspension to which a second suspension is continuously added during the process. An example will be shown of a graded WC-Co hardmetal.
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Authors: Omer Van der Biest, L. Vandeperre, Stijn Put, Guy Anné, Jef Vleugels
Abstract: Electrophoresis is the effect that when an electric field is applied to a suspension of a powder in a liquid, the powder particles move under influence of this field. Frequently the powder particles also deposit at one of the electrodes. The form of the electrode determines the form of the deposit, hence shaping is possible. The current insights into the science and technology of electrophoretic deposition (EPD) will be summarized. EPD is well suited for shaping layered microstructures (laminates), by simply changing repeatedly between two or more suspensions during deposition. Tubular laminates consisting of silicon carbide layers and crack deflecting graphite interlayers have been produced. These tubes demonstrate an enhanced fracture energy and a gradual mode of failure. Another area of advanced ceramics where the use of EPD makes sense are functionally graded materials (FGM) in which one tries to combine in one component high hardness and high toughness. EPD allows the formation of FGM by depositing from a powder suspension to which a second suspension is continuously added during the process. An example will be shown of a graded WC-Co hardmetal.
1075
Authors: Ren-Guan Duan, Gert Roebben, C. Sarbu, Jef Vleugels, Omer Van der Biest
1181
Authors: Kim Vanmeensel, K.Y. Sastry, J. Hennicke, Guy Anné, Dongtao Jiang, A.I. Laptev, Jef Vleugels, Omer Van der Biest
Abstract: Future materials for wear resistant components require a combination of excellent mechanical properties such as hardness and toughness, short processing times and good electrical conductivity to facilitate shaping by electro discharge machining (EDM). In this work, the hardness and fracture toughness of t-ZrO2 based electro conductive composites was optimised, while short processing times below 20 minutes using spark plasma sintering were sufficient to obtain near fully dense materials. The influence of powder processing technique using TiC0.5N0.5 as the starting powder and yttria as a stabiliser on the mechanical properties of ZrO2-TiC0.5N0.5-Al2O3 based composites was investigated. Fully dense Y-TZP based composites possessed an excellent toughness of 9.2 MPa.m1/2 and an increased Vickers hardness of 1397 kg/mm².
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Authors: A. Maximenko, Omer Van der Biest
1047
Authors: Petr Lukáš, Miroslav Vrána, Jan Šaroun, Vasyl Ryukhtin, Jef Vleugels, Guy Anné, Omer Van der Biest, Michael M. Gasik
Abstract: New functionally graded Al2O3/Y-ZrO2 ceramics are developed as a new material for production of hip prosthesis, especially all-ceramic hip bearings. The used concept of graded ceramics is expected to provide better long-term performance based on improved mechanical properties and lower clinical risks. Mechanical properties are strongly dependent on the distribution of residual stresses resulting mainly from phase specific stresses after cooling from the sintering temperature. However, these stresses could be optimized by an appropriate selection of a concentration profile of constituent phases. The non-destructive neutron diffraction mapping of residual stresses has been used to investigate this problem experimentally. In addition, the smallangle neutron scattering technique was applied to study the porosity in the ceramics as function of the production parameters.
201
Authors: Petr Lukáš, Miroslav Vrána, Jef Vleugels, Guy Anné, Omer Van der Biest
Abstract: Graded Al2O3/Y-ZrO2 ceramics are developed to receive a construction material combining favourable properties of both constituent components, alumina (low wear rate, high hardness) and zirconia (high strength and toughness). The high performance of this material can be reached by optimising the internal residual stress distribution resulting mainly from phase specific stresses after cooling from the sintering temperature. For this purpose, non-destructive neutron diffraction mapping of residual stresses has been employed. However, the application of the conventional method does not provide straightforward results on macroscopic residual stresses. This experimental technique uses the crystal lattice plane as a built in microscopic strain gauge and the measured quantities are then lattice strains detected in each constituent phase separately. Based on these experimental resources, the paper proposes a procedure of separation of the residual macroscopic stress from phase specific stresses. The application of the presented method is demonstrated on functionally graded materials (FGM) prepared by electrophoretic deposition (EPD).
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