Papers by Author: Omer Van der Biest

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Authors: Kim Vanmeensel, Guy Anné, Dongtao Jiang, Jef Vleugels, Omer Van der Biest
Abstract: In this study, the development of a functionally graded material (FGM) with hard outer surfaces and a tougher inner core was envisaged. The applicability of electrophoretic deposition (EPD) for the processing of FGM materials by continuously changing the suspension composition is shown. Optimisation of the colloidal processing technique was combined with hot pressing experiments on homogeneous composites in the Al2O3-ZrO2-Ti(C,N) system in order to create a very hard functionally graded material with beneficial residual stresses. Finally, the residual stress distribution was briefly discussed using an existing analytical model.
Authors: Akhilesh Kumar Swarnakar, S. Giménez, Sedigheh Salehi, Jef Vleugels, Omer Van der Biest
Abstract: The Impulse Excitation Technique (IET) is a non-destructive technique for evaluation of the elastic and damping properties of materials. This technique is based on the mechanical excitation of a solid body by means of a light impact. For isotropic, homogeneous materials of simple geometry (prismatic or cylindrical bars), the resonant frequency of the free vibration provides information about the elastic properties of the materials. Moreover, the amplitude decay of the free vibration is related to the damping or internal friction of the material. At present, IET is a well-established non-destructive technique for the calculation of elastic moduli and internal friction in monolithic, isotropic materials. Standard procedures are described in ASTM E 1876-99 and DIN ENV 843-2. IET can also be performed at high temperature (HT-IET) using a dedicated experimental setup in a furnace and constitutes a valuable tool in the field of mechanical spectroscopy. In the present work, the most recent advances in high temperature characterization using IET at K.U. Leuven are presented: the deformation behaviour of WC-Co hard metals, softening phenomena in TiB2, relaxation mechanisms in ZrO2 composites and “in-situ” monitoring of the damage evolution in uniaxially pressed metallic green compacts during delubrication.
Authors: Koenraad Bonny, Patrick de Baets, Omer Van der Biest, Jef Vleugels, Bert Lauwers
Abstract: Tungsten carbide based hardmetals with cobalt binder phase are widely used in engineering industries for their excellent mechanical properties and outstanding wear performance. Reciprocative sliding wear behaviour of a number of WC-Co based hardmetal grades was investigated using a small-scale pin-on-plate tribometer. Test samples were manufactured by electro-discharge machining (EDM) with various surface finishing regimes. SEM topographies and cross-section views of the cemented carbides were obtained both before and after dry friction tests, revealing distinctive wear mechanisms. The generated wear loss was quantified topographically using surface scanning equipment. Wear debris particles were collected and examined by EDX and TEM analysis. Based on experimental results, the execution of consecutive gradually finer EDM cutting steps was found to considerably enhance wear performance. Furthermore, a significant influence of contact load, sliding movement duration, application of lubricant and wear debris formation on wear rate and friction was established.
Authors: Gert Roebben, M. Steen, Omer Van der Biest
Authors: Jef Vleugels, E. Depraetère, Omer Van der Biest
Authors: L. Vandeperre, Omer Van der Biest, W.J. Clegg
Authors: Guy Anné, Kim Vanmeensel, Jef Vleugels, Omer Van der Biest
Abstract: The residual stresses were measured on polished cross-sectioned Al2O3/ZrO2 FGM discs by means of Raman spectroscopy. The experiments revealed that it is possible to measure the residual stresses caused by the thermal expansion mismatch between the alumina and zirconia phase as a function of the position in the FGM. These experimental data are in excellent agreement with the thermal stresses calculated from the local composition using the model of Taya. However, the stresses due to the generated FGM profile could not be measured by means of Raman spectroscopy, due to stress relaxation upon cross sectioning of the FGM disc.
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