Papers by Author: Pascal Janvier

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Authors: S. Josse, C. Faucheux, A. Soueidan, G. Grimandi, D. Massiot, B. Alonso, Pascal Janvier, S Laïb, Jerome Guicheux, B. Bujoli, Jean Michel Bouler
Abstract: One type of potent aminobisphosphonate (Zoledronate) has been chemically associated onto b-tricalcium phosphate [b-TCP] and calcium deficients apatite [CDA]. Two different association modes have been observed, according to the nature of the Calcium Phosphate [CaP] support and/or the initial concentration of the Zoledronate solution. b-TCP appears to promote Zoledronate-containing crystals formation. On the other hand, at concentrations < 0.05 mol.L-1 CDA seems to undergo chemisorption of the drug through a surface adsorption process, due to PO3 for PO4 exchange, which is well described by Freundlich equations. At concentrations > 0.05 mol.L-1, crystalline needles of a Zoledronate complex form onto the CDA surface. The ability of CDA to release Zoledronate, resulting in the inhibition of osteoclastic activity, was shown using a specific in vitro bone resorption model.
Authors: Bruno Bujoli, Jean Michel Bouler, Jerome Guicheux, Olivier Gauthier, Pascal Janvier
Abstract: The integration of drugs and devices is a growing force in the medical industry. The incorporation of pharmaceutical products not only promises to expand the therapeutic scope of device technology but to access combination products whose therapeutic value stem equally from both the structural attributes of the device and the intrinsic therapy of the drug. For example, the orthopedic industry is exploring drug-coated hip, knee and bone reconstruction implants capable of promoting healing as an added therapeutic benefit for device recipients. In this context, the drug is eluted locally, being targeted in a specific site of interest, thus offering a convenient strategy to avoid adverse effects commonly observed for systemic treatments of some diseases, as an additional benefit. In addition, these new technologies are generally well adapted to the development of minimally invasive surgery for their implantation. In this context, given the wide use of calcium phosphates (CaPs) and bisphosphonates (BPs) for the therapy of bone-related affections, there was great interest to investigate the chemistry taking place when combining the two systems since: (i) it could provide better insight in the mechanism of BP fixation on bones (ii) such combination could act as efficient BP delivery systems when implanted in bone defects.
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