Papers by Author: Peng Chang

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Authors: Peng Chang, Chang Yi Zhai
Abstract: As a new kind of structures, Multi-ribbed wall structure is now widely used in new-built buildings and old structures needed to be strengthened. In the field of strengthening, Masonry structure with bottom frame is often mentioned for it is vulnerable to earthquake. However, it is still widely applied in China for its agility for arrangement. So how to guarantee the safety of this kind of structure is very important. There are many methods to reinforce this style of structure, but every way has its limitations. Compared with other methods, Multi-ribbed wall structure is more proper, because its stiffness and mass can easily be changed through optimal design of different kinds of materials inside.
3645
Authors: Peng Chang, Yao Luo
Abstract: A new method for calculating the elastic lateral stiffness of the multi-ribbed composite slab by ANSYS—the layered-shell element method is introduced in this paper. In the modeling process, there are two ways for establishing the model using element SOLID46: the first refers to regarding the slab as a whole to make arranged layers. While the second type suggests that making arranged layers in each part already separated according to the materials. Especially when there are reasonable hypothesis, the analysis results can guarantee certain precision. By comparison among the two models and the experimental results, no errors with each other have exceeded 5%. The whole model is used for the numerical simulation in view of its briefness. Several factors affecting elastic lateral stiffness are considered, mainly including elastic modulus of the concrete, elastic modulus of the brick, and number of the ribbed-column. From the calculating results, conclusion can be deduced that all of these factors affecting the slab’s stiffness significantly. Along with the factors’ rising, the elastic lateral stiffness of the wall grows up. Basically, the influence factor and the elastic lateral stiffness of the slab present to be linear relationship. It is also meaningful to see that the elastic modulus of the brick plays a very important part in the elastic lateral stiffness of the wall. When compared to the SOLID65 and LINK8 used for the slab’s modeling before, the layered-shell element method is simple in principle, and distinct in conception. Above all, because only one type of element in the finite element analysis is used, it will cost less time when used on building a model of integrated architectural construction.
1346
Authors: Peng Chang, Hang Zeng
Abstract: Based on the numerical simulation of the basic behavior of multi-ribbed composite wall under low frequency cyclic load, the skeleton curve is consistent with the experimental results. Also, the factors such as axial compression ratio, the intensity of filling blocks and the shear span ratio which may influence the shape of the skeleton curves are analyzed. The results shows that the yield load of multi-ribbed composite wall as well as the limit load are positively related to the block strength, while are negatively related to shear span ratio. Besides, by the method of finite element model, 9 groups of skeleton curve data of multi-ribbed composite wall in different axial compression ratio, shear span ratio and the intensity of filling blocks were simulated. On the basis of multiple linear regression analysis of the numerical results, the equations for calculating the feature points in the skeleton curve are given.
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