Papers by Author: Qiang Lu

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Authors: Hang Tao Liao, Yang Zhang, Qiang Lu, Chang Qing Dong
Abstract: Analytical pyrolysis-gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (Py-GC/MS) was employed for the fast pyrolysis of glucose, cellubiose and cellulose in this study. The pyrolytic products from the three glucose-based materials were determined and compared to reveal the distribution differences. The results indicated that fast pyrolysis of the three materials obtained similar pyrolytic products, including the anhydrosugars, furans, linear carbonyls and cyclopentanones, but the distribution of the pyrolytic products differed from each other. The cellulose formed more anhydrosugars, but less carbonyls and furans than the glucose and cellubiose. The glycosidic bond of the cellubiose and cellulose would favor the pyrolytic depolymerization reactions to form various anhydrosugars, while inhibit the pyrolytic fragmentation reactions to produce linear carbonyls.
Authors: Yuan Fang Zhao, Shi Guan Yang, Ji Hong Li, Yong Mei He, Qiang Lu, Chang Qing Dong
Abstract: In order to study characteristics of anaerobic co-digestion of corn straw and cabbage, the experiment was performed with corn straw to cabbage (S:C) of 4:1, 6:1 and 10:1 based on total solids (TS) at 35±1°C at initial TS of 8%. The effects of co-digestion on pH, volatile fatty acid (VFA), and biogas yield were examined. Results showed that the S:C of 4:1 was optimal with accumulative biogas yield of 334.53mL/gTS compared with S:C of 6:1 and 10:1 with accumulative biogas yield of 289.31mL/gTS and 311.37 mL/gTS, respectively. This should be attributed to the high VFA concentration achieved by S:C of 4:1.
Authors: Shu Hua Su, Shi Ye Feng, Yuan Fang Zhao, Qiang Lu, Wei Liang Cheng, Chang Qing Dong
Abstract: The selective catalysis reduction (SCR) is one of the most promising technologies for NOx reduction at present. There are three types of NH3-SCR catalysts in the market, honeycomb catalyst, plate-types catalyst and corrugated catalyst. This paper firstly describes the preparation of the three types of catalysts, and then analyzes their performance. The analysis indicates the catalyst structure plays an important role on their performance. The honeycomb catalyst and plate-type catalyst are widely utilized in world’s coal power station, which should be due to their excellent capabilities of ash prevention, wear resistance and anti-poisoning.
Authors: Cai Juan Zhang, Li Gang Wang, Ling Nan Wu, Tong Liu, Qiang Lu, Chang Qing Dong
Abstract: With the social rapid development, the earth's limited primary energy such as coal, oil, natural gas etc will be exhausted; energy problem has caused worldwide widespread attention. Therefore, under the development of renewable energy, without exception, each country is actively trying to explore the new theory and using energy-saving and technology to improve energy utilization ratio and reduce the energy consumption and the harm on environment. Scientific analysis of energy saving is an important link of digging energy saving potential, effective energy analysis method plays a pivotal role in implementing saving energy. This paper summarized several energy analysis methods on the basis of the first and second law of thermodynamics, introduced the most widely used enthalpy analysis method, entropy analysis, exergy analysis and exergy economic analysis which are based on the second law of thermodynamics, introduced emphatically the specific consumption analysis theory development with exergy analysis and exergy economic analysis.
Authors: Hang Tao Liao, Xiao Ning Ye, Qiang Lu, Chang Qing Dong
Abstract: Fast pyrolysis of biomass to produce bio-oil is an important technology to utilize lignocellulosic biomass, because the liquid bio-oil is regarded as a promising candidate of petroleum fuels. However, bio-oil is a low-grade liquid fuel, and required to be upgraded before it can be directly utilized in existing thermal devices. Catalytic cracking is an effective way to upgrade bio-oil, which can be performed either on the liquid bio-oil or the pyrolysis vapors. Various catalysts have been prepared and used for catalytic cracking, and they exhibited different catalytic capabilities. This paper will review the recent progress of the catalytic cracking of liquid bio-oil or pyrolysis vapors.
Authors: Qiang Lu, Zhi Bo Zhang, Cai Juan Zhang, Shu Hua Su, Wen Yan Li, Chang Qing Dong
Abstract: Fast pyrolysis of biomass to produce bio-oil is one of the most promising technologies to utilize lignocellulosic biomass. Liquid bio-oil covers many potential application fields, to be used a fuel or a source for chemical extraction and production. Hence, it is necessary to understand the chemical properties of bio-oil. This review concentrates on the elemental and chemical properties of bio-oil, and also discusses the analysis and separation methods.
Authors: Hang Tao Liao, Qiang Lu, Zhi Bo Zhang, Chang Qing Dong
Abstract: Fast pyrolysis of biomass to produce bio-oil is an important technology to utilize lignocellulosic biomass materials, as it offers a convenient way to convert solid biomass mainly into the liquid bio-oil. Bio-oil is regard as a promising candidate of petroleum fuels, but it is a low-grade liquid fuel and difficult to be used in various thermal devices, due to the presence of many undesirable components. One of the undesirable components is the solid particles, resulting from insufficient separation of the pyrolytic products. The solid particles will bring many negative effects to the storage and combustion of bio-oil, and thus, should be removed. This paper reviews the recent progress on the removal of solid particles, through the filtration of liquid bio-oil or pyrolysis vapors.
Authors: Wen Yan Li, Lei Qiang Zhao, Hang Tao Liao, Qiang Lu
Abstract: Rice husk was subjected to slow and fast pyrolysis under different reaction conditions, to investigate the effects of several pyrolysis factors on the physicochemical properties of the rice husk chars, including the pyrolysis heating rate, cooling rate and resident time. The results indicated that the char yield did not show great changes during the slow pyrolysis process, while it was gradually decreased along with the resident time during the fast pyrolysis process. With the elevating of the pyrolysis conditions, the carbon content of the chars was increased monotonically, while the oxygen content was decreased. Moreover, the rice husk and its chars greatly differed in their functional groups, resulting from various decompositon, decarbonylation and aromatization reactions during the pyrolysis process.
Authors: Zhi Bo Zhang, Xiao Ning Ye, Qiang Lu, Chang Qing Dong, Yong Qian Liu
Abstract: Activated carbon (AC) was reported as a promising catalyst to selectively produce phenolic compounds from biomass using the micro-wave assisted catalytic pyrolysis technique. In order to evaluate the catalytic performance of the AC under the traditional fast pyrolysis process, analytical pyrolysis-gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (Py-GC/MS) technique was applied for the catalytic fast pyrolysis of biomass mixed with the AC. Polar wood was selected as the feedstock, and experiments were conducted to reveal the AC-catalyzed poplar wood pyrolysis behavior and product distribution. The results indicated that the AC was also effective for the phenolics production in the traditional fast pyrolysis process at 350 °C. It could promote the formation of phenolic compounds, and inhibit most of the other pyrolytic products. The maximal phenolics yield was obtained at the biomass to catalyst ratio of 1:4, with the peak area% over 50%.
Authors: Jun Tao, Qiang Lu, Chang Qing Dong, Xiao Ze Du
Abstract: A major problem in the current biomass gasification systems is the formation of tar. The condensed tar at low temperatures may cause blockage and pollution of downstream equipments, as well as environmental pollution. Therefore, the removal and conversion of tar are the key issues for biomass gasification. At present, the common methods of tar removal are mainly mechanism methods, thermal cracking and catalytic cracking. In this paper, the catalytic cracking method and its advantages and disadvantages are discussed.
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