Papers by Author: Rak Joo Sung

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Authors: Yoon Ho Kim, Tohru Sekino, Hirokazu Kawaoka, Rak Joo Sung, Takafumi Kusunose, Tadachika Nakayama, Koichi Niihara
Abstract: Si3N4 ceramics with V2O5 based glasses as sintering additives were successfully fabricated by a powder mixing process and rapid sintering by the PECS method. The fabricated materials by Pulsed Electric Current Sintering (PECS) exhibited very fine microstructure with α and β grains. Electric conductivity for the Si3N4/(V2O5-B2O3) and the Si3N4/(V2O5-B2O3-Al2O3) at room temperature were four and six orders of magnitude higher at room temperature, and two and three orders of magnitude higher at 1000 oC than the conventional Si3N4, respectively
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Authors: Byung Kyu Moon, Dae Ho Choi, Rak Joo Sung, Seung Ho Kim, Koichi Niihara
Abstract: Microstructure and mechanical behaviors of zirconia [ZR; ZrO2+3mol%Y2O3]–nano hydroxyapatite [HA; Ca10(PO4)6(OH)2] nanocomposites were studied. A pulse electric current sintering (PECS) method was applied to fabricate ZR-HA composites as biomaterials. The reaction between zirconia and hydroxyapatite was successfully avoided. It was a successful preparation of bioactive composites in the quasi-binary system Ca10(PO4)6(OH)2 + ZrO2. One of the most serious problems is that when a mixture of zirconia and nano-hydroxyapatite powders was sintered, extensive chemical reaction between zirconia and hydroxyapatite was unavoidable. By applying a novel super-fast consolidation technique, pulse electric current sintering (PECS), the deleterious reactions were inhibited kinetically. The specimens contain 0, 10, 20, and 30wt% of hydroxyapatite on zirconia as remainder. Samples were sintered using the PECS method at 1100°C , 1150°C, 1200°C, and 1250°C, with increasing 100°C /min, under a pressure of 50Mpa in vacuum atmosphere for 5min. Characterization of the samples was carried out using X-ray diffraction analysis at different sintering temperatures. Flexural strength was estimated with 3-point bending test. The relative density was acquired using an Archimedes method in toluene medium.
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Authors: Rak Joo Sung, Dong Suk Kim, Su Ah Ji, Jeong Sik Park, Sang Woo Kim
Abstract: Density, purity, grain, and grain size distribution are the key factors that influence the transparency of an optical ceramics. To achieve high transmittance, efforts should be made to eliminate or minimize scattering or absorption of light. The aim of this paper is to verify the effect of two-step sintering technique for translucent alumina. The density and transmittance of the samples were enhanced by pre-heat treating at 800°C for 50 hours before the high temperature sintering. Abnormal grain growth was successfully suppressed by a two-step sintering technique and a small amount of MgO as additives. It is a very effective technique for designing homogeneous microstructure and high transparency in high purity alumina.
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Authors: Rak Joo Sung, S.W. Lee, Tadachika Nakayama, Takafumi Kusunose, Tohru Sekino, Koichi Niihara
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Authors: Dae Ho Choi, Byung Kyu Moon, Rak Joo Sung, Seung Ho Kim, Koichi Niihara
Abstract: Mechanical and thermal properties of Si3N4 ceramics with various rare-earth oxides (La2O3, CeO2, Lu2O3, Dy2O3, Sm2O3, Nd2O3, Yb2O3, and RuO2) were investigated. Flexural strength of silicon nitride with addition of 5vol% Nd2O3, CeO2, Dy2O3, and Sm2O3 showed higher value than that of silicon nitride with Lu2O3 and La2O3 added because they form denser microstructure and smaller elongated grain. Thermal conductivity of silicon nitride with an addition of 5vol% RuO2 was more enhanced than that of silicon nitride added with Nd2O3, Sm2O3, and Dy2O3 because the addition of RuO2 depressed grain growth. It is also associated with lattice oxygen governing thermal conductivity of Si3N4 when added rare-earth oxides.
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Authors: Rak Joo Sung, Seung Ho Kim, Takafumi Kusunose, Tadachika Nakayama, Tohru Sekino, Koichi Niihara
Abstract: Silicon nitride with various amount of AlN as a sintering aid was sintered by a hot press method. Densified silicon nitrides were obtained, and it was found that the mechanical and wear properties were dependent on the contents of AlN. The effect of a/b phase on the mechanical and wear properties of silicon nitride was investigated. The properties were changed depending on the amount of a/b phase. In the brittle materials, tribological behaviors were dependent on the microstructure as well as hardness and fracture toughness. We focus on the relationship between the microstructure and mechanical/wear properties of silicon nitride including AlN additives.
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Authors: Rak Joo Sung, Takafumi Kusunose, Tadachika Nakayama, Yoon Ho Kim, Tohru Sekino, Soo Wohn Lee, Koichi Niihara
Abstract: A novel transparent polycrystalline silicon nitride was fabricated by hot-press sintering with MgO and AlN as additives. The mixed powder with 3 wt.% MgO and 9 wt.% AlN was sintered at 1900oC for 1 hour under 30 MPa pressure in a nitrogen gas atmosphere. Transparent polycrystalline silicon nitride was successfully fabricated. The mechanical properties such as density, hardness, young’s modulus, fracture strength and fracture toughness were evaluated. The effect of α/β phase on the mechanical properties of transparent polycrystalline silicon nitride was investigated. The properties were changed depending on the amount of α/β phase. The hardness and Young's modulus increased with increasing the volume fraction of α-phase fraction as a reflection of the higher hardness of α-phase Si3N4. The fracture toughness and fracture strength decreased with decreasing the volume fraction of β-phase Si3N4.
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