Papers by Author: S.A. Halim

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Authors: A. Huda, S.A. Halim, K.P. Lim, O.J. Lee, S. Elias, A.A. Sidek, Z. Hishamuddin
Abstract: Polycrystalline samples of La0.67Ba0.33(Mn1-xRux)O3 with x = 0, 0.05, 0.1, 0.15 and 0.2 have been prepared using solid state reaction. The effects of doping of Ru at Mn site on La-Ba-Mn- O ceramics, the characteristics and magnetotransport properties of CMR materials are investigated. The magnetoresistance (MR) effect is measured using the four point probe technique. The magnetoresistance defined as MR% = (Ro – RH)/RH x 100% was measured at a magnetic field of H ≤ 1T at 90K, 100K, 150K, 200K, 250K, 270K and 300K for the sample of doping x = 0, 0.05, 0.1, 0.15 and 0.2. Overall, MR drops slowly when temperature rises. All doping concentration gives small variation range (~2.7% to ~26.78%). The electrical property has determined by using standard four-point probe resistivity measurement in a temperature range of 30 K to 300 K. Metalinsulator transition temperature (Tp) shifted to lower temperatures as Ru doping is increased. In this paper the structural pattern and microstructure property have investigated via XRD. XRD patterns show that these systems are in orthorhombic distorted perovskite structures.
Authors: A.N. Jannah, S.A. Halim, Abdullah Huda
Abstract: Here, Bi(Pb)-Sr-Ca-Cu-O thin films having superconducting properties have been fabricated using Nd-YAG pulsed laser ablation onto single-crystal MgO(100) substrates. The as-deposited film was found to be in an amorphous state. The crystalline structure appeared after the film was annealed in an oxygen environment. The XRD spectrum revealed epitaxial growth of BSCCO (2212) phase at annealing temperatures of 850°C, 860°C and 870°C. In the amorphous state, the microstructure of the films exhibited spherical clusters of various sizes. Upon annealing, plate-like and needle-like structures were observed. These structures fused into grains with a plate-like shape when the annealing temperature reached 870°C. This could be due to the diffusion and arrangement of the components that make up the 2212 phase at elevated temperature in an oxygen environment. The superconducting transition temperature, Tc, is highest for samples annealed at 870°C. The post-annealing procedures were carried out in the ablation chamber in order to minimize contamination.
Authors: Abdullah Huda, S.A. Halim
Abstract: The significance of substituting concentrations of Pr and Nd at La-sites, in La0.67Ba0.33MnO3 perovskite compounds, for the structural and electrical properties have been studied. Polycrystalline samples (La1-x Prx)0.67Ba0.33MnO3 and (La1-x Ndx)0.67Ba0.33MnO3 with x = 0.00, 0.167, 0.333, 0.5, 0.667, 0.833 and 1.0 were synthesized via conventional solid-state reaction in the bulk. All of the samples were calcined at 900oC for 12 hours, pelletized and sintered at 1300oC for 24 hours and investigated. In this paper the structural patterns and microstructural properties of bulk samples have been investigated via x-ray diffractometry (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). XRD patterns show that these systems are single-phase, with orthorhombic distorted perovskite structures. The electrical property, Tp, was determined by using standard four-point probe resistivity measurements in the temperature range of 20 K to 300 K. The result shows that Pr and Nd dopants shift the value of TP to a lower temperature. When the temperature is above Tp, T > Tp, the variation of the electrical resistance was found to follow the an Arhenius-type law, ρ = ρo exp (-Ea/KBT). It was used to calculate the activation energy of every sample. The resistivity curves show semiconducting behavior of all samples above their Tp.
Authors: O.J. Lee, S.A. Halim, K.P. Lim, Z.A. Talib, A. Huda, I. Priscilla
Abstract: The significant influences of substituting low concentration Dy at La- site for La0.667Sr0.333MnO3 perovskites compounds in structural, electrical and magnetoresistance properties have been studied. The polycrystalline samples (La1-xDyx)0.667Sr0.333MnO3 with x= 0.00, 0.02 and 0.10 were synthesized via conventional solid-state reaction in bulk. This work measured their resistivity properties with (below 1 Tesla) and without the presence of magnetic field (0 Tesla) as a function of temperature, microstructure and particle distribution and structural distortion using four point probe resistivity technique, X- ray diffractometer (XRD) and Atomic Force Microscope (AFM). The resistivity in applied magnetic field or so-called magnetoresistance ratio is defined as MR% = (Ro – RH)/RH x 100 was measured at 90K, 100K, 150K, 200K, 250K, 270K and 300K. The highest MR% values for x=0.00, 0.02 and 0.10 are 15.3%, 15.5% and 20.6% at 1 Tesla respectively. The metal- insulator transition temperature, TMIT correspond to >300K, 298K and 230K of sample with x= 0.00, 0.02 and 0.10 respectively were observed from resistivitytemperature (R-T) curve.
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