Papers by Author: S.I. Kwun

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Authors: Jai Won Byeon, S.I. Kwun, Kae Myung Kang
Abstract: In this study, mechanical degradations in 2.25Cr-1Mo steel were evaluated by quantitative morphological analysis of carbides. Based on the morphology, carbides were classified as globular, fine acicular, rod, and grain boundary one. Mean size of carbides were determined as a function of morphology and thermal degradation time at 630°C. Area fraction of grain boundary carbides and fraction of grain boundary M6C carbides were observed to increase rapidly in the initial stage of degradation and then gradually afterwards. Both mean size of globular carbide and fraction of grain boundary M6C carbides were linearly correlated with strength. Potentials of carbide morphology analysis as a health monitoring technique were discussed, in term of correlation coefficient with strength.
Authors: Jai Won Byeon, C.S. Kim, Y.H. Kim, S.I. Kwun, S.J. Hong
Abstract: An attempt was made to assess the surface damage in the isothermally degraded FSX414 Co-based superalloy using ultrasonic Rayleigh surface wave. Microstructural analysis (amount of solute Cr near the surface) and measurement of ultrasonic velocity and attenuation were performed after isothermal degradation heat treatment at 1100°C for up to 4000 hours. Rayleigh wave velocity was observed to increase with aging time, which was attributed to the increased depletion of Cr near the surface. Strong frequency dependence of Rayleigh wave velocity was found in the specimens with surface depletion layer. Attenuation coefficient of Rayleigh wave increased with increasing aging time. Therefore, both attenuation and velocity of ultrasonic Rayleigh wave are suggested as potential nondestructive evaluation parameters for the characterization of the thermally aged FSX414 superalloy.
Authors: Jai Won Byeon, S.I. Kwun, Kae Myung Kang
Abstract: Acoustic emission (AE) technique was applied to evaluate both tensile deformation of 316L stainless steel and bending-fatigue damage of socket-welded pipe. AE activity was monitored during tensile deformation of plate-type specimens subjected to various heat treatments. Variation in RMS voltage of AE signal was correlated with the amount of strain-induced martensite phase. Secondly, actual size of socket-welded pipe specimen was bending-fatigued under various stresses. Crack initiation was determined by observing an abrupt increase in AE count, and confirmed by radiographic examination before and after the crack initiation cycle. Potentials of AE technique for monitoring fatigue crack initiation were discussed.
Authors: Yong Hwan Kim, S.I. Kwun
Abstract: The microstructural changes and the relations between mechanical properties and additive powder with various brazing temperatures and times were investigated. The IN738 and BNi-3 alloy powders were used as an additive and filler metal powders for the brazing process. The wide-gap brazing process was carried out in a vacuum of 2×10-5 torr. The wide-gap region brazed with 60wt.% IN738 additive powder had a microstructure consisting of IN738 additive, and binary eutectic of Ni3B-Ni, and (Cr, W)B. As the brazing temperature and time were increased, the size of IN738 additive powder increased to 181µm, which decreased the amount of low strength Ni3B-Ni eutectic structure, thereby increasing the fracture strength of the wide-gap brazed region. Cracks in the brazed region were observed to propagate through the Ni3B-Ni structure, which lowered the fracture strength of the wide-gap brazed region.
Authors: K.H. Yoon, S.I. Kwun, Yun Mo Yeon
Abstract: The fatigue properties of friction stir (FS) and TIG welded Al 6N01-T5 alloys were compared in the present study. The low cycle fatigue (LCF) test was performed under total strain amplitudes in the range of ± 0.6 ~ ± 1.5% and with a strain rate of 3 x 10-3/s. During low cycle fatigue, the base metal showed little cyclic hardening or softening, whereas both the FS and TIG welded zones showed a large amount of cyclic hardening until fracture, although the fatigue life of the TIG welded zone was much shorter than that of the FS welded zone. The fatigue crack growth rate (FCGR) was retarded in the heat affected zone (HAZ) on the advancing side of the FS welded zone, due to the compressive residual stress in this region. The differences in the fatigue properties in these two welded zones were discussed in terms of the microstructural changes during fatigue.
Authors: Yong Hwan Kim, K.T. Kim, Seung Y. Shin, S.I. Kwun
Abstract: This study investigated the characterization of the additive powder on microstructural evolution during the heating of the powder mixture of additive and filler metal powder by in-situ high temperature environmental scanning electron microscopy (HT-ESEM) up to 1200°C. The IN738 powder (additive) and BNi-3 powder (filler metal) were used for wide-gap brazing process. A field emission gun environmental scanning electron microscope (XL 30 ESEM-FEG, FEI) equipped with a 1500°C hot stage was used for in-situ gaseous secondary electron imaging at high temperature (HT-ESEM image). The melting of filler metal powder initiated at 1224K and was spread on the IN738 additive powder with increasing temperature. After cooling, the IN738 additive powder was increased from 75μm to 100μm. It was found that the additive powder added to the wide-gap brazed region avoided the possibility of directional solidification.
Authors: Yong Uk Kim, Woo Sang Jung, Young Hoon Chung, S.I. Kwun
Abstract: The effect of nitrogen on creep properties of 22Cr-25Ni austenitic heat-resistant steels with different nitrogen content was studied. The tensile and creep strength increased with increasing nitrogen content. The tensile strength increased due to grain refinement by Nb-rich carbonitride. The creep strength increased with increasing nitrogen content because nitrogen retarded the formation and growth rate of Cr-rich carbide and the growth rate of Nb-rich carbonitride during creep.
Authors: Sang Min Song, Woo Sang Jung, Suk Woo Hong, Deuck Seung Bae, Soon Hyo Chung, S.I. Kwun
Abstract: The effect of thermo-mechanical treatment (TMT) process on the strength and precipitation behavior of an 11%Cr-0.3Mo-1.6W steel during long term aging was investigated. The major precipitates in as-tempered specimen were identified as M23C6 (M=Fe,Cr) and MX (M=Ta,V;X=C,N). The M23C6 precipitate in TMT sample was more finely distributed due to the increased heterogeneous nucleation sites at dislocations. The tensile strength of TMT sample is higher than that of the conventional heat treatment (CHT) sample in as-tempered condition. However, Laves phase starts to precipitate additionally in the aged condition. The growth rate of Laves phase in TMT sample is much faster than that in CHT sample. Therefore, the difference in tensile strength between CHT and TMT sample decreases as the aging time increases.
Authors: G.C. Jeong, H.J. Choi, Yong Ho Sohn, S.I. Kwun
Abstract: In order to improve the durability and performance of molds and tools, diverse methods of surface modification are used where the adhesion strength between a substrate and coating plays an important role. To improve adhesion strength, a combined surface modification method is often utilized. In this study, adhesion strength and microstructure of various combined surface modifications (i.e., ion-nitriding, Cr intermediate layer, CrN layer and nitrogen ion- implantation) were examined on STS420. Phase constituents, microstructure, adhesion strength and hardness of coating-substrate system with combined surface modification were examined by using optical microscopy, X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, scratch test, and nano-indentation. The highest adhesion strength was observed when CrN coating was formed by nitrogen implantation on ion-nitrided substrate with a Cr-intermediate layer. Influence of processing sequence and combination is related to microstructural observations and adhesion strength.
Authors: W.H. Kim, H.H. Cho, J.H. Cha, S.I. Kwun, Dong Hyuk Shin
Abstract: The effects of equal channel angular pressing (ECAP) and subsequent heat treatment on the low cycle fatigue properties of 6005 Al alloy were investigated. The ECAPed specimens showed cyclic softening, whereas the peak aged specimens showed cyclic hardening at all strain amplitudes. After ECAP, artificial aging was performed at 175°C to observe the change of the low cycle fatigue properties due to precipitation. The fatigue life and behavior of the unECAPed and ECAPed 6005 Al alloys were discussed in terms of the microstructural changes and aging conditions.
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