Papers by Author: S. Motojima

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Authors: S. Motojima, N. Igeta, Michiyo Honda, Nobuyuki Kanzawa, Mamoru Aizawa
Abstract: We have successfully fabricated apatite-fiber scaffolds (AFSs) that enable three-dimensional cell culture. The AFSs possessing large pores of 100~250 μm and micro pores of about 5 μm were fabricated by firing the green compacts consisting of the single-crystal apatite fibers and the carbon beads with a size of 150 μm. In order to enhance the mechanical properties of the AFSs, we have improved the process of AFS fabrication: Collagen gel (type I) solutions were introduced into the pores in the scaffolds; in addition, the resulting apatite/collagen scaffolds were chemically modified by thermally dehydrated cross-linking. Actually, the results of compressive strength tests show that the value of the AFS with chemically cross-linked I-collagen was about twice as high as that of the conventional AFS without I-collagen. We conclude that combination of I-collagen and thermal dehydrated cross-linking is effective for enhancement of the mechanical properties of AFSs.
Authors: M. Fujii, S. Motojima
Abstract: The double helical carbon micro-coils were obtained by chemical vapor deposition. As-grown carbon micro-coils with amorphous structure were heat-treated at various temperatures up to 3000°C . By heat treatment, the shape of the coils was not changed. The morphology of these coils was observed in detail using electron microscope. The lattice structure was analyzed by X-ray diffraction method. Heat treatment temperature dependence of the magnetoresistance and the measurement of Raman spectra suggest that the coils heattreated at higher temperature are more highly graphitized.
Authors: S. Yang, X. Chen, S. Motojima
Abstract: The carbon microcoils and carbon nanocoils were prepared by the catalytic pyrolysis of acetylene under the Ni and/or Fe-containing catalysts, and the growth pattern, morphology and growth mechanism of the carbon coils were examined in detail. The inner coil diameter of carbon microcoils are of several µm and coil gap from zero to several µm. The inner coil diameter of carbon nanocoils are from zero to several ten nm and coil gap from zero to several nm. The carbon microcoils are generally of double helix coils such as DNA while carbon nanocoils were single helix coils such as α-helix proteins, with spring-like or twisted forms. A catalyst grain was usually observed on the tip of carbon coil. The carbon nanocoils are almost amorphous and can be graphitized by the high temperature heat-treatment.
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