Papers by Author: S.R. Wang

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Authors: Ayayi Claude Ahyi, S.R. Wang, John R. Williams
Abstract: The effects of gamma radiation on field effect mobility and threshold voltage have been studied for lateral n-channel 4H-SiC MOSFETs passivated with nitric oxide. MOS capacitors (n and p) and n-channel lateral MOSFETs were irradiated unbiased (floating contacts) for a total gamma dose of 6.8Mrad (Si). The MOS capacitors were used to study the radiation-induced interface traps and fixed oxide charge that affect the performance of the MOSFETs. Radiationinduced interface traps were observed near the SiC valence band edge and just above mid-gap, and field effect channel mobility was reduced by 18-20% following irradiation. Even so, 4HMOSFETs appear to be more radiation tolerant than Si devices.
Authors: S. Dhar, S.R. Wang, Ayayi Claude Ahyi, Tamara Isaacs-Smith, Sokrates T. Pantelides, John R. Williams, Leonard C. Feldman
Abstract: Post-oxidation anneals that introduce nitrogen at the SiO2/4H-SiC interface have been most effective in reducing the large interface trap density near the 4H-SiC conduction band-edge for (0001) Si face 4H-SiC. Herein, we report the effect of nitridation on interfaces created on the (11 20) a-face and the (0001) C-face of 4H-SiC. Significant reductions in trap density (from >1013 cm-2 eV-1 to ~ 1012 cm-2 eV-1 at EC-E ~0.1 eV) were observed for these different interfaces, indicating the presence of substantial nitrogen susceptible defects for all crystal faces. Annealing nitridated interfaces in hydrogen results in a further reduction of trap density (from ~1012 cm-2 eV-1 to ~5 x 1011 cm-2 eV-1 at EC-E ~0.1 eV). Using sequential anneals in NO and H2, maximum field effect mobilities of ~55 cm-2 V-1s-1 and ~100 cm-2 V-1s-1 have been obtained for lateral MOSFETs fabricated on the (0001) and (11 20) faces, respectively. These electronic measurements have been correlated to the interface chemical composition.
Authors: Sokrates T. Pantelides, Sanwu Wang, A. Franceschetti, Ryszard Buczko, M. Di Ventra, Sergey N. Rashkeev, L. Tsetseris, M.H. Evans, I.G. Batyrev, Leonard C. Feldman, S. Dhar, K. McDonald, Robert A. Weller, R.D. Schrimpf, D.M. Fleetwood, X.J. Zhou, John R. Williams, Chin Che Tin, G.Y. Chung, Tamara Isaacs-Smith, S.R. Wang, S.J. Pennycook, G. Duscher, K. Van Benthem, L.M. Porter
Abstract: Silicon has been the semiconductor of choice for microelectronics largely because of the unique properties of its native oxide (SiO2) and the Si/SiO2 interface. For high-temperature and/or high-power applications, however, one needs a semiconductor with a wider energy gap and higher thermal conductivity. Silicon carbide has the right properties and the same native oxide as Si. However, in the late 1990’s it was found that the SiC/SiO2 interface had high interface trap densities, resulting in poor electron mobilities. Annealing in hydrogen, which is key to the quality of Si/SiO2 interfaces, proved ineffective. This paper presents a synthesis of theoretical and experimental work by the authors in the last six years and parallel work in the literature. High-quality SiC/SiO2 interfaces were achieved by annealing in NO gas and monatomic H. The key elements that lead to highquality Si/SiO2 interfaces and low-quality SiC/SiO2 interfaces are identified and the role of N and H treatments is described. More specifically, optimal Si and SiC surfaces for oxidation are identified and the atomic-scale processes of oxidation and resulting interface defects are described. In the case of SiC, we conclude that excess carbon at the SiC/SiO2 interface leads to a bonded Si-C-O interlayer with a mix of fourfold- and threefold-coordinated C and Si atoms. The threefold coordinated atoms are responsible for the high interface trap density and can be eliminated either by H-passivation or replacement by N. Residual Si-Si bonds, which are partially passivated by H and N remain the main limitation. Perspectives for the future for both Si- and SiC-based MOSFETs are discussed.
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