Papers by Author: Sang Woo Choi

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Authors: Won Geun Yi, Min Rae Lee, Joon Hyun Lee, Sang Woo Choi, Bo Young Lee
Abstract: Pipelines of nuclear power plants undergo high pressure and temperature. Thermal stratification typically occurs in the surge line and the main feed water lines by flow and this stratification will initiate and propagate thermal fatigue cracks. This may cause rupture and leakage and it is a serious problem to nuclear power plants operation. Therefore it is very important to detect and measure thermal fatigue cracks. In this study, thermal fatigue cracks were generated in austenitic stainless steel specimens by a thermal cycle in notched pipes and weld jointed pipes. Ultrasonic techniques were used to evaluate the thermal fatigue crack depth. When ultrasonic waves propagate from an angle beam probe to thermal fatigue cracks, waves are reflected and diffracted. Crack depth was evaluated by the reflected signals from back wall and diffracted signals from the crack tip, but diffracted signals were too weak to detect so the reflected signals were more useful. The TOFD and dB drop methods were used in this study. The TOFD method is uses a time delay of diffracted signal from the crack tip. The dB drop method is an application of an amplitude decreasing rate by a probe moving distance.
Authors: Jong Ho Park, Joon Hyun Lee, Gyeong Chul Seo, Sang Woo Choi
Abstract: In carbon steel pipes of nuclear power plants, local wall thinning may result from erosion-corrosion or flow-accelerated corrosion(FAC) damage. Local wall thinning is one of the major causes for the structural fracture of these pipes. Therefore, assessment of local wall thinning due to corrosion is an important issue in nondestructive evaluation for the integrity of nuclear power plants. In this study, laser-generated ultrasound technique was employed to evaluate local wall thinning due to corrosion. Guided waves were generated in the thermoelastic regime using a Q-switched pulsed Nd:YAG laser with a linear slit array. . In this paper, time-frequency analysis of ultrasonic waveforms using wavelet transform allowed the identification of generated guided wave modes by comparison with the theoretical dispersion curves. Modes conversion and group velocity were employed to detect thickness reduction.
Authors: Sang Woo Choi, Joon Hyun Lee, An Jin Nam, Sridhar Krishnaswamy
Authors: Sang Woo Choi, Joon Hyun Lee
Abstract: The reactor vessel body and closure head are fastened with the stud bolt that is one of crucial parts for safety of the reactor vessels in nuclear power plants. It is reported that the stud bolt is often experienced by fatigue cracks initiated at threads. Stud bolts are inspected by the ultrasonic technique during the overhaul periodically for the prevention of failure which leads to radioactive leakage from the nuclear reactor. The conventional ultrasonic inspection for stud bolts was mainly conducted by reflected echo method based on shadow effect. However, in this technique, there were numerous spurious signals reflected from every oblique surfaces of the thread. In this study, ultrasonic phased array technique was applied to investigate detectability of flaws in stud bolts and characteristics of ultrasonic images corresponding to different scanning methods, that is, sector and linear scan. For this purpose, simplified stud bolt specimens with artificial defects of various depths were prepared.
Authors: Seung Hyun Kang, Joon Hyun Lee, Sang Woo Choi, Bo Young Lee
Authors: Won Deok Oh, Joon Hyun Lee, Sang Woo Choi, Moon Ho Park
Authors: Won Su Park, Sang Woo Choi, Joon Hyun Lee, Kyeong Cheol Seo, Joon Hyung Byun
Abstract: For improving quality of a carbon fiber reinforced composite material (CFRP) by preventing defects such as delamination and void, it should be inspected in fabrication process. Novel non-contacting evaluation technique is required because the transducer should be contacted on the CFRP in conventional ultrasonic technique during the non-destructive evaluation and these conventional contact techniques can not be applied in a novel fiber placement system. For the non-destructive evaluation of delamination in CFRP, various methods for the generation and reception of laser-generated ultrasound are applied using piezoelectric transducer, air-coupled transducer, wavelet transform technique etc. The high frequency component of laser-generated guided wave received with piezoelectric sensor disappeared after propagating through delamination region. Air-coupled transducer was tried to be adopted in reception of laser-generated guided wave generated by using linear slit array in order to generate high frequency guided wave with a frequency of 1.1 MHz. Nevertheless, it was failed to receive high frequency guided wave in using air-coupled transducer and linear slit array. Transmitted laser-generated ultrasonic wave was received on back-wall and its frequency was analyzed to establish inspecting technique to detect delamination by non-contact ultrasonic method. In a frequency spectrum analysis, intensity ratio of low frequency and center frequency was approvable parameter to detect delamination.
Authors: Joon Hyun Lee, Sang Woo Choi
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