Papers by Author: Satoshi Hashimoto

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Authors: Hiroyuki Miyamoto, Uwe Erb, Tetsuo Koyama, Takura Mimaki, Alexei Vinogradov, Satoshi Hashimoto
Authors: Yoshihisa Kaneko, H. Sakakibara, Satoshi Hashimoto
Abstract: Co/Cu and Ni/Cu multilayers fabricated by electroplating technique were annealed at various temperatures in order to investigate thermal stability of multilayered structures. Vickers hardness tests on the annealed Co/Cu and Ni/Cu multilayers were conducted at room temperature. It was recognized that after the annealing at 1023K the Co/Cu multilayer still maintained the hardness of as-deposited state. On the other hand, the hardness of Ni/Cu multilayer was almost identical to copper substrate after the annealing at 903K.
Authors: Yoshihisa Kaneko, S. Hirota, Satoshi Hashimoto
Abstract: Strengths of multilayered structures have been investigated using three-dimensional discrete dislocation dynamics (DDD) simulation. The multilayered structure was modeled as a stack of misfit dislocation networks which must exist at an interface between adjoining crystals having different lattice constants. Passages of a single mobile dislocation through several kinds of network stacks were simulated. The critical stress required for the dislocation passage depended on the dislocation spacing of the network, the number of network sheet and the spacing between network sheets.
Authors: Yoshihiro Ohno, Yoshihisa Kaneko, Satoshi Hashimoto
Authors: Yoshihisa Kaneko, M. Ishikawa, Satoshi Hashimoto
Abstract: A fatigue crack growth test was conducted in a polycrystalline copper. Dislocation structure formed near an intergranular fatigue crack was investigated by electron channelling contrast imaging (ECCI) method. The ECCI method enables us to observe dislocations lying under surface using a scanning electron microscope. The fatigue crack in the copper specimen was grown along both grain boundaries and slip bands inside grain. The ECCI observations revealed that both the vein dislocation structure and the cell structures were formed near the grain boundaries. The formations of different dislocation structures near boundaries could be interpreted in terms of the plastic strain incompatibility.
Authors: Yoshihisa Kaneko, Y. Nishijima, T. Sanda, Satoshi Hashimoto
Abstract: Effect of Ni/Cu multilayer coating on fatigue durability was investigated. The Ni/Cu multilayered films were coated on cylindrical copper specimens by electroplating technique. Thickness of individual component layers was h=20nm and 100nm and the total thickness was 5μm. The specimens with a conventional nickel coating and uncoated specimens were also prepared. Push-pull fatigue tests were carried out in air at room temperature. It was found that the specimens with the Ni/Cu multilayered coatings exhibited the fatigue lives longer than those of the conventional nickel coating. In particular, the fatigue life with the h=100nm multilayer was at least ten times longer than that with the nickel coating at the stress amplitude of 90MPa. From the electron channelling contrast imaging (ECCI) observation of subsurface areas of the copper specimens, dislocation structures peculiar to fatigue deformation was suppressed by the surface coatings.
Authors: T. Taniguchi, Yoshihisa Kaneko, Satoshi Hashimoto
Abstract: The fatigue properties of ferritic stainless steel containing deformation twins were investigated. Monotonic tensile tests and push-pull fatigue tests were conducted on the specimens both with and without twins. Fatigue lives of the twinned specimens were about four times shorter than those without the deformation twins, although yield stresses of both specimens were almost equal. It was found that the fatigue cracking along the deformation twin boundaries caused the reduction in fatigue life. Dislocation structure observation using the ECCI method revealed that no specific dislocation structure was formed near the cracked deformation twin boundary, although the ladder-like PSB structure was developed along an annealing twin boundary in an austenitic stainless steel.
Authors: Takumi Ikeda, Hiroyuki Miyamoto, Toshiyuki Uenoya, Satoshi Hashimoto, Alexei Vinogradov
Abstract: The pure copper single crystals with specific crystallographic orientated were subjected to ECAP for one pass at room temperature. Two types of shear bands were observed. Type 1 shear bands were constructed with clusters of distorting micro shear bands and matrix. Micro shear band and matrix were delineated by large-angle grain boundaries, and these two orientations are in a twinning relationship. Parallel sets of deformation twins were observed in the matrix. Type 2 shear bands had no crystallographic feature, and shear band and matrix were considered as low-angle grain boundaries. Deformation twin was not observed both in matrix and the shear bands.
Authors: Satoshi Hashimoto, T. Suzuki, Alexei Vinogradov
Abstract: Strengthening is a complex process involving such basic mechanisms as dislocation accumulation (work hardening), Hall-Petch hardening due to grain refinement, solid solution hardening and precipitation hardening in various combinations. The contribution of different mechanisms into resultant strength can vary significantly depending on chemical composition and processing. The purpose of the present work is to explore the significance of SPD for hardening and to clarify the role of different strengthening mechanisms. The model Au-based system was employed using pure Au, single phase solid solution Au-25Ag and precipitation hardenable Au-12.5Ag-12.5Cu (in mass %) alloy subjected to ECAP. The additive character of different strengthening mechanisms is clearly demonstrated. The extremely high strength exceeding 1 GPa is achieved in the Au-Ag-Cu after ECAP followed by aging, which has never been attained in conventional processing schemes.
Authors: Soichi Katayama, Hiroyuki Miyamoto, Alexei Vinogradov, Satoshi Hashimoto
Abstract: This paper describes the influence of initial crystallographic orientation on the formation of dense shear bands in pure copper single crystals subjected to equal-channel angular pressing (ECAP) for one pass at room temperature. Local orientation change during simple shear by ECAP traced by electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) indicated that the shear bands were formed when twinning plane and direction become parallel to the macroscopic shear plane and shear direction of simple shear strain, respectively. Orientation splitting associated with shear bands have a twinning relation. The shear bands were delineated by large-angle grain boundaries, having close relation to twinning relation with matrix, suggesting the role of deformation twinning as their nucleation sites. The activation of deformation twinning is suggested and can be rationalized by favorable crystallographic orientation and critical dislocation density as indicated elsewhere by the present authors.
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