Papers by Author: Shi Chun Zhao

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Authors: Qi Wang Su, Yang Xia, Shi Chun Zhao
Abstract: Collapse safety is the most important objective of performance-based seismic design. Buildings should have enough safety margin to avoid collapse during severe or mega earthquake. However, current Chinese seismic design code does not have explicit design specification or quantitative evaluation for collapse-resistant capacity. Take a two-story masonry building as an example, an equivalent frame model for pushover and incremental dynamic analysis are established, and the comparison are also studied. In addition, the fragility curves can also be obtained. The analysis results show that the results of plastic hinge mainly appear in ground floor wall between windows and doors. Moreover, the analysis result has good uniformity with seismic damage. Judging from the failure mechanism, pushover and incremental dynamic analysis have very good similarity. In addition , they show elastic deformation is very small and brittleness is very apparent of the masonry building.Seismic vulnerability analysis shows that the significant damage and the near collapse curves are very close to each other .This mean that , once the significant damage limit state is reached ,only small PGA increments are need for reaching the near collapse limit state.
Authors: Cheng Qing Liu, Xin Long Xiao, Rui Liang, Shi Chun Zhao
Abstract: Based on the current methods of damage detection, a new detection damage model was proposed in order to search a more efficient detection method for reinforced concrete high-rise building damage induced by earthquake. This model is based on the regularity of change in the damping ratio of high-rise buildings, and the high order modes, mode participation coefficient and measure method of natural frequency, together with the type of structures, are taken into account in the model. The shaking test results for a model of reinforced concrete high-rise buildings show that the damage detection results based on the proposed model are close to the test results.
Authors: Peng Bo Zhang, Zhi Xiang Yu, Yu Ping Sun, Shi Chun Zhao
Abstract: The shear-type friction damper using aluminum alloy as the friction material were designed and tested under cyclical loading to investigate the effect of the lap gap to the frictional performance. The test results indicated that the dampers with a lap gap could also absorb energy stably with the same hysteretic behavior as a general friction damper; the frictional force of the shear-type friction damper depended not only upon the bolts tension by the high-strength bolts that clamped the sliding steel plate but also strongly upon the scale of lap gap. The lap gap changed in a scale of 0.12mm only, the average sliding force has four times increase at a lower level of bolt tension, and a double effect to increasing sliding force at the higher level of bolt tension.
Authors: Cheng Qing Liu, Wei Xing Shi, Shi Chun Zhao, Yi Pan
Abstract: Typical earthquake damages of Reinforced concrete columns in the Wenchuan earthquake are introduced, and the damage characteristics of concrete columns are described, then several typical destructive modes of Reinforced concrete columns are summarized. Further, various reasons of destructive modes are analyzed. Final, some practical advices are proposed to reduce the damages of reinforced concrete columns.
Authors: Peng Bo Zhang, Yu Ping Sun, Shi Chun Zhao
Abstract: Analytical study was conducted to investigate effect of friction dampers on vibration control of steel frame structures. The friction dampers installed in a ten-storey sample frame structure have two levels of fictional resistances. Unlike the conventional friction damper which has one frictional resistance, the friction dampers with variable resistances (VRFD) can apply two levels of frictional resistances, the lower resistance of which is attended to absorb the seismic energy by a moderate earthquake or a strong wind, and the higher one of which is expected to dissipate the seismic energy induced by a severe earthquake. The time-historey analytical results of the sample frame have indicated that the VRFD could not only mitigate the seismic response of the frame structure under a moderate earthquake more effectively than the conventional frictional damper, but also provide the same level of damping effect to the structure under severe earthquake as the conventional one.
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