Papers by Author: Shigeo Arai

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Authors: Tsuyoshi Sasaki, Yoshio Ukyo, Kotaro Kuroda, Shigeo Arai, Hiroyasu Saka
Abstract: The crystal structures of reduced-reoxidized ceria-zirconia solid solutions, Ce2Zr2O7+x, with an ordered arrangement of Ce and Zr ions were studied by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray powder diffraction and thermogravimetric analysis. The oxygen absorption of Ce2Zr2O7 with pyrochlore structure (space group m Fd 3 ) was revealed to proceed through two-step reaction; reaction from Ce2Zr2O7 to b-Ce2Zr2O7.5 around 400K and reaction from b-Ce2Zr2O7.5 to Ce2Zr2O8 about 600K. b-Ce2Zr2O7.5 phase with space group m F 3 4 was thought to be formed by occupation of the half ordered oxygen vacancies with oxygen ions periodically. The oxidation from Ce2Zr2O7 to b-Ce2Zr2O7.5 was also occurred at room temperature by keeping for about 1 year or by irradiation of an electron beam in TEM. On the other hand, the crystal structure of Ce2Zr2O8, completely oxidized state of Ce2Zr2O7, belongs to the space group of m P 3 4 or 23 P from the rule for possible diffractions and the symmetry of the ordering cations.
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Authors: Shigeo Arai, Y. Ushigami, N. Takahashi
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Authors: Hiroyasu Saka, Shigeo Arai, S. Tsukimoto, Kazutaka Sasaki
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Authors: Yoshimasa Takahashi, Hikaru Kondo, Kazuya Aihara, Masanori Takuma, Kenichi Saitoh, Shigeo Arai, Shunsuke Muto, Yuta Yamamoto, Kimitaka Higuchi, Nobuo Tanaka
Abstract: The strength against interfacial fracture initiation from a free-edge of Si/Cu micro-components was evaluated. The micro-scale cantilever specimens containing dissimilar interfaces were fabricated with a focused-ion-beam (FIB) technique, and they were loaded with a quantitative nanoindenter holder operated in a transmission electron microscope (TEM). The specimens were successfully fractured along the Si/Cu interface, and the critical loads at fracture were measured. The critical stress distribution near the free-edge was evaluated with the finite element method (FEM). The near-edge stress distributions of 90°/90°-shaped specimens were scattered while those of 135°/135°-shaped specimens were in good agreement despite the difference in specimen dimensions. Such a difference was discussed in terms of the relation between the magnitude of stress singularity and the microstructures of material.
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