Papers by Author: Simon P. Ringer

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Authors: Charles Moy, Massimiliano Bocciarelli, Simon P. Ringer, Gianluca Ranzi
Abstract: This article presents an inverse analysis method based on an instrumented indention to extract materials properties from multilayer material systems. In this case, a 12-layers system comprising of two alternate materials is considered. Each layer is 1 μm thick. The material properties selected for the layers are within the range of common commercial aluminium alloys. The yield stress and strain hardening exponent of the two layers were identified based on a power law type equation to define the stress-strain relationship. A 2D axis-symmetric indenter having 70.3 half angle was used, which is representative of a Berkovich or a Vickers indenter. The use of finite element analyses was substituted with a fast and equally accurate approach for the iterative optimization procedure. Thus, the computation time was considerably reduced. The robustness is tested using pseudo-experimental results, in terms of indentation curve and imprint on the material, with added random noises of 2.5%, 5.0%, 7.5% and 10.0%. The proposed approach provides a good estimate of the sought material properties. It is envisaged that this approach can become of assistance in the evaluation of the material properties for multilayer coatings and small devices.
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Authors: Simon P. Ringer
Abstract: This paper sets out the needs for and recent advances in microscopy in Al alloys, using solutesolute and solute-vacancy clustering as examples. Cluster-assisted nucleation and cluster strengthening are discussed and this is followed by a discussion of the local electrode atom probe. Heuristic and algorithmic tools for assessing the nanoscale microstructure or nanostructure of Al alloys acquired from atom probe tomography experiments are then presented.
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Authors: Zhi Gang Chen, Zi Qiao Zheng, Jue Zhong, Simon P. Ringer
Abstract: The present paper outlines the effect of small addition of Sc,Ag and Mg on the ageing characteristics and microstructural evolution in some microalloyed Al alloys,such as Al-Cu-Mg, Al-Ag and Al-Li alloys.Small quantities of these microalloying elements can modify the ageing characteristics of these alloys,and significant changes have been found in their microstructural evolution after small microalloying element additions. The observed effects are explained in terms of the atomic behaviour during the early ageing stage,and one of the key factors governing this effect is Sc/Vacancy mechanism.
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Authors: Simon P. Ringer, S.P. Swenser, Barry C. Muddle, Ian J. Polmear, Takeaki Sakurai
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Authors: Sally K. Maloney, Ian J. Polmear, Simon P. Ringer
631
Authors: Ilana B. Timokhina, Peter D. Hodgson, Simon P. Ringer, Rong Kun Zheng, Elena V. Pereloma
Abstract: The contribution of nano-scale particles observed using Atom Probe Tomography in an increase of yield strength of conventional and advanced HSLA steels was studied. The advanced HSLA steel showed higher yield strength than conventional HSLA steel. There were two types of carbides, which primarily contribute to an increase in yield strength of conventional HSLA steel: (i) coarse TiC with average size of 25±5nm and (ii) fine TiC with average radius of 3±1.2nm. The presence of two types of carbides was found in the microstructure of advanced HSLA steel: (i) nano-scale Ti0.98Mo0.02C0.6 carbides with average radius of 2.2±0.5nm, and (ii) C19Cr7Mo24 particles with an average radius of 1.5±0.3nm. The contribution of precipitation hardening in the yield strength of advanced HSLA steel due to the nano-scale particles was 174MPa, while this value in the conventional HSLA steel was 128MPa.
2083
Authors: Tomoyuki Honma, David W. Saxey, Simon P. Ringer
Abstract: The trace addition of Sn (0.01 at.%) to an Al-1.7Cu (at.%) alloy has been investigated using atom probe tomography (APT), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and high resolution transmission electron microscope (HRTEM). We have studied samples in the as-quenched (AQ) condition and following ageing at both 160 and 200 °C for very short ageing times so as to better understand the early stages of the decomposition processes. Our data reveal independent Cu-Cu and Sn-Sn clusters in the AQ condition, though we did not observe Cu-Sn clustering. We observed for the first time that some of these initial Cu-clusters develop into GP zones during subsequent ageing at temperatures as high as 200 °C. The Sn atom clustering results in precipitation of independent 􀀂- Sn particles after aging for 30 sec. The GP zones consequently undergo reversion and this liberates Cu atoms which seem to participate in a cluster-assisted heterogeneous nucleation of the 􀀃􀀂 phase at the interface of the 􀀂-Sn. For ageing at 200 °C, this process is complete within 180 sec.
203
Authors: Sally K. Maloney, Ian J. Polmear, Simon P. Ringer
1055
Authors: Peter V. Liddicoat, Tomoyuki Honma, L.T. Stephenson, Simon P. Ringer
Abstract: During age-hardening of certain Al-Zn-Mg-Cu alloys, a 90% hardness increase can occur with 75 seconds. The clustering and precipitation of solute element species during this early rapid hardening (RH) period has been investigated through atom probe tomography, transmission electron microscopy, and Vickers hardness measurements. This study has focussed on the effect of copper by analysing three alloys; Al-2.0Zn-1.8Mg-0.7Cu, Al-2.0Zn-1.7Mg-0.2Cu and Al-1.9Zn-1.7Mg (at.%). The early RH reaction in these alloys accounts for up to 70% of the total hardening (peak hardness minus as-quenched hardness) and takes place during the first 60 seconds of ageing. We report preferred solute-solute interactions in the as-quenched materials. This quenched-in nanostructure acts as a template for subsequent solute clustering, the nature of which we have correlated with ageing.
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Authors: K. Raviprasad, Christopher R. Hutchinson, Simon P. Ringer
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