Papers by Author: Suong Hyu Hyon

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Authors: T. Yamamoto, Shunsuke Fujibayashi, Naoki Nakajima, Hajime Sugai, Suong Hyu Hyon, Takashi Nakamura
Abstract: A new biodegradable adhesive(LYDEX) which is based on Schiff base formation had developed. LYDEX is easy to control the setting time and degradation speed and it has no risk of infection. In the previous study, LYDEX showed high bonding strength and low cytotoxicity in vitro[1]. In the present study, good bone repair was seen in rat bone defect models, especially in rapidly degrading type. On the other hand, slowly degrading type kept its shape longer without excessive inflammation. In rabbit critical defect model with hydroxyapatite granules (HAs), more newly formed bone was seen in rapidly degrading group and hydroxyapatite group, in 3weeks. In 6weeks, more new bone was seen in slowly degrading type group, whereas, almost no new bone was seen in deep area of the fibrin group, in 12weeks. Direct bonding between HAs and bone was seen in HA group and LYDEX groups. These findings suggest that LYDEX with hydroxyapatite granules can be a promising bone substitute.
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Authors: Han Hee Cho, Kazuaki Matsumura, Naoki Nakajima, Dong Wook Han, Sadami Tsutsumi, Suong Hyu Hyon
Abstract: Stabilization of the fibrous protein collagen is important in biomedical applications. This study investigated the efficacy of degradation control of collagen using (-)-epigallocatechin-3-Ogallate (EGCG). EGCG treatment of collagen in solid state was carried out and collagen sponges produced were characterized by measuring the physicochemical properties such as gel fraction, the enzymatic degradability and cytocompatibility. According to gel fraction, EGCG-treated sponges showed the increase of insolubility compared to intact sponges. It showed that EGCG played a role in a crosslinker of collagen. Through in vitro enzymatic degradation test, EGCG-treated collagen sponges showed significant enhancement of resistance to collagenase in comparison with 25 mM EDC-treated collagen sponges. Also, cell proliferation assays showed that 40 mM EGCG-treated collagen sponges exhibited similar cytocompatibility properties compared with tissue culture plate. In summary, EGCG treatment of collagen sponges increased the stability of collagen. Therefore, crosslinking of collagen based scaffold with EGCG imparted more desirable properties, making it more applicable for use as a scaffold in tissue engineering applications.
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Authors: Takashi Ohkawa, Koushin Nakamura, Moritoshi Itoman, Feng Zhe Jin, Suong Hyu Hyon, Sadami Tsutsumi
Abstract: There are still some existing problems that are common to all absorbable materials; 1) It cannot be subjected to radiosterilization, 2) Sufficient strength cannot be maintained until the complete bone union is obtained. To solve these problems, PLLA and PLLA/HA were mixed with cross-bridge supplementary agent, Triallyl Isocyanurate (TAIC). Using these materials in vivo, we created and tested γ-ray radiosterilized absorbable bone fixation materials.
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Authors: Dong Wook Han, H.H. Kim, Hyun Joo Son, Hyun Sook Baek, Kwon Yong Lee, Suong Hyu Hyon, Jong Chul Park
Abstract: The potential protective roles played by green tea compounds (GTPCs) against reactive oxygen species-induced oxidative stress in cultured fetal human dermal fibroblasts (fHDFs) were investigated according to cell viability measurement methods, such as fluorescence double staining followed by flow cytometry (FCM), MTT assay and crystal violet uptake. Oxidative stress was induced in the fHDFs, either by adding 50 mM H2O2 or by the action of 40 U/L xanthine oxidase (XO) in the presence of xanthine (250 µM). FCM analysis was the most suitable to show that both treatments produced a significant (p < 0.05) reduction in the fHDF viability, attributed to its high sensitivity. On the microscopic observations, the cell death with necrotic morphology was appreciably induced by both treatments. These oxidative stress-induced damages were significantly (p < 0.05) prevented by pre-incubating the fHDFs with 200 µg/ml GTPC for 1 h. These results suggest that GTPC can act as a biological antioxidant in a cell culture experimental model and prevent oxidative stress-induced cytotoxicity in cells.
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Authors: Naoki Nakajima, Hajime Sugai, Sadami Tsutsumi, Suong Hyu Hyon
Abstract: To improve the conventional and commercially-available medical adhesives such as cyanoacrylate, aldehyde-based, and fibrin glue, new bioadhesive has been prepared using medical and food additives as starting materials. Aldehyde groups could be easily introduced in dextran in the presence of sodium periodate in aqueous media, and the extent of the introduction could also be controlled. In vitro degradation speed of the hydrogel prepared by mixing of aldehyded dextran with ε-poly(L-lysine) at 37oC significantly varied by acetic anhydride concentration added to ε-poly(L-lysine) from < 5h to > 5 weeks. Bonding strength of the glue was 4 times higher than that of commercial fibrin glue and almost no cytotoxicity was observed, suggesting the development of novel self-degradable bioadhesive.
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Authors: Dong Wook Han, Han Hee Cho, Duk Young Jung, J.J. Lee, Kazuaki Matsumura, Jong Chul Park, Suong Hyu Hyon
Abstract: In this study, such behaviors of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs), as proliferation and migration, with serum stimulation were investigated onto (−)-epigallocatechin-3-O-gallate (EGCG)-blended poly(L-lactide-co-ε-caprolactone, PLCL) copolymers (EGCG-b PLCL). VSMCs were primarily cultured from rat aorta, and EGCG-b PLCL films were fabricated by mixing PLCL with EGCG. The proliferation of VSMCs cultured onto EGCG-b PLCL film was significantly suppressed in spite of serum induction. Moreover, recovery of denuded area by VSMCs receiving conditioned media obtained from EGCG-b films was completely inhibited, whereas VSMCs onto intact films migrated into denuded area in response to serum showing essentially complete recovery. These results suggest that inhibition in the behaviors of serum-stimulated VSMCs may be mediated through the anti-proliferative effects of EGCG released from polymer films, and EGCG-b polymers can be applied for fabricating an EGCG-eluting vascular stent.
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