Papers by Author: Svetlana G. Sheina

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Authors: Svetlana G. Sheina, Liya Babenko
Abstract: Currently it is a critical situation when every year due to aggressive external factors thousands of listed buildings are under threat of destruction around the world. In many ways, the state of affairs is due to the lack of effective integrated management of listed buildings. Lack of integrated tool for operating of different data, which determines the structural integrity of listed buildings and condition of environment, has led to the fact that most of the regional and municipal authorities are not able to handle the diversity of information. To address these problems specialist of Department of City Planning and Community Development of Rostov State University of Civil Engineering developed the methodology and information-analytical support system of listed buildings’ preservation. This support is able to analyze different types of data and to use different IT technologies such as CAD systems, GIS-technologies and databases. Information technologies in management of listed buildings can help municipalities with a limited budget to get the most out of existing services as these are the technologies that help different departments to work more closely with each other.
Authors: Svetlana G. Sheina, Evgenia N. Minenko, Katarina S. Sakovskaya
Abstract: This article addresses the issue of energy efficiency in the housing stock of Russian cities. It suggests that the improvement of energy and resource use in the residential houses during their life cycle will promote the transition of Russian cities on the way to sustainable future. The authors of the article present the new assessment method of efficiency the resource saving solutions in the housing stock. This method is based on evaluation of the ecological, environmental and economic effects of realization the resource saving solutions in residential buildings, taking into account the building’s life cycle cost. For this purpose, the authors suggest to use the integrated indicator of sustainability, achieved by the building, through the implementation of different resource saving solutions. The article provides the example of application of the proposed method for selecting the optimal resource saving measures among some different variants planned for realization during the overhaul of the building located in Rostov-on-Don.
Authors: Svetlana G. Sheina, Karina V. Yudina
Abstract: The article deals with the issues of information support for the implementation of comprehensive improvement of built-up areas. As one of the effective means the authors propose the development of a urban-environmental passport of the reconstruction territory, containing all the necessary information about the town-planning characteristics of the territory and its geological and ecological status. The authors also propose the technique of calculating the habitat quality index, which is an integrated assessment of the urban environment ecological state over the entire set of environmental parameters. On the basis of the data contained in the urban-environmental passport of the territory, as well as the results of the habitat quality index calculation, the optimal set of urban-environmental measures to improve the quality of the habitat could be chosen. The proposed technique for calculating the habitat quality index and development of an urban-environmental passport are universal and easily adaptable for any municipality.
Authors: Svetlana G. Sheina, Liya Babenko
Abstract: It is annually produced 400 thousand tons of solid waste in the city of Rostov-on-Don, which is taken for disposal to landfill at the Northwest industrial area of the city. Nearly 60 tons of waste enters Rostov Material Recovery Facility every year for the sorting, extracting commercially attractive factions, pressing, briquetting and subsequent transportation of residue tail to the landfill. However, the percentage of recycling in Rostov (10%) remains low, as a result of the shortcomings of the system. Recently, the Administration of Rostov-on-Don has produced a development strategy of integrated municipal solid waste management to create a new system of waste management in Rostov-on-Don. The strategy focuses mainly at Resource efficiency, which is a blend of good infrastructure, collection and design, with a dash of innovation and a strong policy framework to back it up. For the successful implementation of the strategy it is necessary to introduce an integrated system of municipal solid waste management using GIS. The methodology of integrated system with using GIS was developed by specialists of City Planning and Community Development Department of the Rostov State University of Civil Engineering. It includes implementation of collection and storage of waste and environmental data along with vehicles navigation system through ArcGIS ESRI software. It helps to facilitate collection operations, to analyze optimal locations for transfer stations, to plan routes for vehicles transporting waste from residential, commercial and industrial customers to transfer stations and from transfer stations to landfills, to calculate amount of waste collection sites in accordance with the population density and volume of bins, to locate new landfills and to monitor the landfill. GIS is a tool that also provides a digital data bank for optimization of waste collection sites allocation according with implementation of General City Plan. The territory of Rostov-on-Don has been chosen for case study. GIS allowed to make situational (operational) decisions for implementing the strategic approach to the municipal solid waste management plan of the city and supported innovative accompaniment of the process of development and implementation of priority national projects, targeted programs of ecological reconstruction and strategic plans of socio-economic development of municipalities.
Authors: Svetlana G. Sheina, Jennifer McQuaid-Cook, Liya Babenko, Anastasia Khatuntseva
Abstract: In recent years there has been an increasing tendency to use wastes in manufacturing construction material. Some of the studies were dedicated to recycling hazardous waste in a manner that is safe and protective of human health and the environment. The aim of this work is to study the possibility of using clinical waste as the aggregates for manufacturing construction materials. For that purpose, firstly a technology of initial sterilization with combustion of clinical waste was considered. Secondly as along as the clinical waste became sterile and environmentally safe, non-hazardous fractionated products of clinical waste combustion were proposed as aggregate for concretes. This study reports the results of the experiment when different concrete compositions with such aggregate were obtained, investigated and tested using samples (100 mm cubes). Physic-chemical properties of the material were described; its environmental impact was assessed. Thirdly, the potential of the big city in clinical waste generation and subsequent use of fractionated products of clinical waste combustion in construction materials manufacturing was evaluated. As a result of the use of ArcGIS ESRI geoinformation system, a visual representation of the information has been provided. The results of this study show the possibility of using non-hazardous clinical wastes combustion products in manufacturing construction materials and also in road construction.
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