Papers by Author: Tatsuo Sato

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Authors: Yoshiki Komiya, Shoichi Hirosawa, Tatsuo Sato
Abstract: The formation of nanoclusters in the early aging stage is not fully clarified due to their extremely small sizes. To clarify the atomic-scale clustering of solute atoms, a three-dimensional atom probe (3DAP) analysis and a Monte Carlo computer simulation have been conducted together for Al-Zn alloys. The nanoclusters in the alloy aged at room temperature were successfully detected in the obtained 3DAP maps. From these maps the growth behavior of nanoclusters during aging was experimentally examined. In the Monte Carlo simulation, on the other hand, many-body nearest neighbor interactions between atoms and between atoms and a vacancy were taken into account. The Zn concentration of the clusters calculated in the 4-body interaction model best agreed with that obtained experimentally, suggesting the importance of many-body interactions. Therefore, it was confirmed that the combined analysis of 3DAP and the well-constructed Monte Carlo simulation is useful to make clear the nanocluster formation in alloys.
Authors: Ai Serizawa, Shoichi Hirosawa, Tatsuo Sato
Abstract: The formation of nano-scale clusters (nanoclusters) prior to the precipitation of the strengthening β" phase significantly influences the two-step aging behavior of Al-Mg-Si alloys. In this work, two types of nanoclusters are found to be formed at different temperatures. The characterization of these two nanoclusters has been performed from the viewpoints of composition and thermal stability using a three-dimensional atom probe (3DAP) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). Mg-Si co-clusters formed at room temperature (RT), Cluster(1), play a deleterious role in the subsequent formation of the β" phase because of the high thermal stability even at the bake-hardening (BH) temperature of 443K. In contrast, the nanoclusters formed by pre-aging at 373K, Cluster(2), are effective in the formation of the refined β", suggesting that Cluster(2) transforms more easily into the β" phase than Cluster(1). The quantitative estimation of the chemical compositions of the two nanoclusters suggests that the Mg/Si ratio is one of the key factors in addition to the internal structures consisting of Si, Mg and probably vacancies. The detailed two-step aging mechanism in Al-Mg-Si alloys is proposed based on the characteristics of the two types of nanoclusters.
Authors: Kenji Matsuda, Susumu Ikeno, Tatsuo Sato, Akihiko Kamio
Authors: Tatsuo Sato, Shoichi Hirosawa
Abstract: The nano-scale precipitate microstructures and properties of age-hardenable aluminum alloys such as Al-Cu, Al-Mg-Si and Al-Zn-Mg alloys were investigated using conventional electrical resistivity and hardness measurements, TEM and 3D-AP techniques. To increase mechanical strength and ductility of the alloys nano-scale precipitates were effectively controlled by applying new type heat treatments and microalloying elements. In the initial stage of phase decomposition of the alloys containing microalloying elements several types of nanoclusters were formed and distinctly detected by the 3D-AP technique. These nanoclusters greatly affect the nucleation of the subsequent precipitates and resultantly mechanical properties. In Al-Mg-Si and Al-Zn-Mg alloys complicated two-step aging behaviors were found to be originated in the positive or negative effect of the nanoclusters with different structures.
Authors: Yoshihiro Terada, Naoya Ishimatsu, Rie Sota, Tatsuo Sato, Koichi Ohori
Authors: Kenji Matsuda, Junya Nakamura, Yoshio Nakamura, Tatsuo Sato, Susumu Ikeno
Abstract: The crystal structure of metastable phase in Ag added Al-Mg-Si alloy was investigated by comparing the β’-phases in Al-Mg-Si alloy without Ag, using images of high resolution transmission electron microscope (HRTEM), selected area electron diffraction patterns (SADPs) and an energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS). SADPs and HRTEM images obtained from metastable phase in the Ag added Al-Mg-Si alloy showed similar to those of β’-phase in Al-Mg-Si alloy without Ag and had different lattice spacings because of the effect of Ag. According to our careful analysis on obtained HRTEM images and SADPs, it includes more complicated crystal lattice of distorted hexagons.
Authors: Kenji Matsuda, Junya Nakamura, Tokimasa Kawabata, Susumu Ikeno, Tatsuo Sato, Calin D. Marioara, Sigmund J. Andersen, Randi Holmestad
Abstract: It has been known that Cu- or Ag-addition Al-1.0mass%Mg2Si (balanced) alloys shows higher hardness and elongation than Cu-free or Ag-free balance alloy. In this study, the alloys with Cu or Ag addition and the alloys with Si / Mg in excess have been investigated by hardness and tensile tests and HRTEM observation. Cu addition is effective for higher hardness, and Ag-addition is useful for improvement of elongation for peak-aged samples. Precipitates in peak aged these alloys have been confirmed by HRTEM. Cu-addition alloy almost includes Q’-phase, and Ag-addition alloy includes b’-phase. The precipitation sequence of Ag- or Cu addition Al-Mg-Si alloy was investigated using HRTEM, SAED, and EDS. The precipitates obtained in the two alloys were classified into several kinds by HRTEM images and SAED patterns. The relative frequencies of precipitates were also investigated and compared with that in the alloy.
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