Papers by Author: Thierry Baudin

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Authors: Anne Laure Etter, Marie Helene Mathon, Thierry Baudin, Richard Penelle
Authors: Francisco Cruz-Gandarilla, Richard Penelle, Hector Mendoza León, Thierry Baudin, J. Gerardo Cabañas-Moreno
Authors: Aicha Loucif, Thierry Baudin, François Brisset, Roberto B. Figueiredo, Rafik Chemam, Terence G. Langdon
Abstract: This investigation uses electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) to study the development of microtexture with increasing deformation in an AlMgSi alloy having an initial grain size of about 150 µm subjected to high pressure torsion (HPT) up to a total of 5 turns. An homogeneous microstructure was achieved throughout the disc sample at high strains with the formation of ultra-fine grains. Observations based on orientation distribution function (ODF) calculation reveals the presence of the torsion texture components often reported in the literature for f.c.c. materials. In particular, the C {001}<110> component was found to be dominant. Furthermore, no significant change in the texture sharpness was observed by increasing the strain.
Authors: Richard Penelle, Thierry Baudin, David J. Dingley, M. Tiner, Stuart I. Wright
Authors: Francisco Cruz-Gandarilla, Thierry Baudin, Marie Helene Mathon, Richard Penelle, Hector Mendoza León, J. Gerardo Cabañas-Moreno
Abstract: The present work is an attempt to understand the recrystallisation mechanisms in Fe-3% Si alloys used in transformer cores. After secondary recrystallisation silicon steels exhibit a Goss texture with a more or less important spread depending on the details of the processing route, namely, Conventional Grain Orientation CGO or High Permeability Hi-B. The mechanisms of Goss grain formation during hot rolling and primary recrystallisation, as well as those controlling the first steps of abnormal growth, are not yet well understood. The present work mainly deals with texture characterization of the hot rolled state. Surface, quarter and half thickness samples are prepared from hot-rolled sheet. Global and local textures are characterized by neutron diffraction and electron backscattered diffraction, respectively. The Orientation Distribution Functions and the volume fraction of the different texture components are calculated. The components from global texture measurements are (001)[1-10], (112)[1-10] (α fiber ), (011)[100] (Goss) and (111)[1-21] (111) [1-10](γ fiber). EBSD measurements have shown large variations of texture from the surface to the half thickness of the sheet. These local measurements are related to the global results by rotation about the transverse direction. Moreover, the grain size appears to be inhomogeneous.
Authors: Henryk Paul, Thierry Baudin, Anna Tarasek, François Brisset
Abstract: The objective of this study was to determine the effect of ECAP-processing on the texture and the microstructure development of the deformed and recrystallized states. The commercial purity AA3104 aluminum alloy was deformed via route A up to 7 passes and then annealed to obtain the state of partial recrystallization. The shear bands formation and the texture transformation in annealing were investigated with the use of high resolution transmission and scanning electron microscopes equipped with the facilitates for the local orientation measurements. It was found that the instability of the layered structure of the flat grains within some narrow areas led to the formation of the kink-type bands, which were precursors of the shear bands. The orientations of the new grains occurring in the recrystallized samples were not random, i.e. only specific groups of orientations were observed. In most of the observed cases, the growth of the recrystallized grains led to nearly homogeneous equiaxed grains of a similar size.
Authors: Fyaçal Baira, Mosbah Zidani, Hichem Farh, Salim Messaoudi, Toufik Ziar, Anne Laure Helbert, Thierry Baudin
Abstract: Copper destined for electrical cabling require a compromise of mechanical properties and electrical resistivity. The drawing process accompanied by the formation of crystalline defects, such as gaps and dislocations, which leads to the increase in hardness, and therefore to the increase in resistivity, a very important characteristic for the conductivity and the efficiency of the cable. The scope of this work is to investigate the phenomenon of deformation texture evolution while copper wire drawn destined for electric cable-making and to understand its relationship with the electrical conductivity. In this study, we notice that the hardness and the resistivity increase with an increase of the deformation level. On the other hand, a slight decrease in the resistivity of the wires was observed after a holding time of 30 min at 260°C. The annealing of wires at 260°C for 9 min of holding time leads to a recrystallisation especially for high deformations and a gradual return of the mechanical properties and of the microstructure towards a state close to the state of the wire rod with the extension of time . The recrystallization texture is composed of the same components as the drawing texture, fibers <111>//ND (Normal Direction) and <001>//ND. The decrease in the intensity of the fiber after annealing is observed. On the other hand, the fiber <001> // ND remains stable.
Authors: Anne Laure Etter, Sandrine Bozzi, Thierry Baudin
Abstract: Dynamic recrystallization mechanisms have been studied after 5182 aluminum Friction Stir Spot Welding (FSSW) and dissimilar friction stir spot welding of 6016 aluminum alloy to IF-steel using EBSD measurements. Moreover, welds have been ice quenched after welding to state on the post-dynamic microstructure evolution after the tool removal. For the Al/Al welds, fine recrystallized grains of the stir zone result from a continuous dynamically recrystallization mechanism followed by a post-dynamic recovery that reduces the low angle boundary fraction in the periphery of the pin. As far as the dissimilar Al/Fe welds are concerned, steel grains of the base metal were fragmented into sub-grains in the thermomechanically affected zone. Nevertheless, recrystallized grains of the stirred zone were about three times larger than these sub-grains. In this case, the continuously recrystallized grains undergo a post-dynamic grain-growth during friction stir welding cooling. In the upper aluminum sheet, the recrystallization mechanisms are the same as in the Al/Al welds.
Authors: Sandrine Bozzi, Anne Laure Etter, Thierry Baudin, A. Robineau, Jean Claude Goussain
Abstract: At the prospect of a lightening of the automobile structures, welded spots have been realized on a stacking of two sheets (a 6008 aluminium alloy on steel) by Friction Stir Welding (FSW). Different process parameters have been tested but only the influence of the dwell time will be described in the present paper. The dwell time corresponds to the time during which the probe stays in rotation at its bottom location before extracting. A study of the microstructures and the crystallographic textures associated to mechanical tests (shear and tensile tests) allowed to determine the best set of welding parameters. The recrystallized area around the welding spot has been characterized by Electron BackScattered Diffraction (EBSD). The aim of the present work is to identify the recrystallization mechanisms which occur during welding, and to understand the influence of the dwell time on the recrystallized area. A mechanism of continuous dynamic recrystallization has been identified since misorientation of sub-boundary increases close to the weld and this for all the dwell times tested. Elsewhere, it has been found that the increase of the dwell time induces a larger recrystallized zone.
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