Papers by Author: Tomonori Nakamura

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Authors: Koji Nakayama, Yoshitaka Sugawara, Hidekazu Tsuchida, Toshiyuki Miyanagi, Isaho Kamata, Tomonori Nakamura, Katsunori Asano, R. Ishii
Abstract: The dependence of forward voltage degradation on crystal faces for 4H-SiC pin diodes has been investigated. The forward voltage degradation has been reduced by fabricating the diodes on the (000-1) C-face off-angled toward <11-20>. High-voltage 4H-SiC pin diodes on the (000-1) C-face with small forward voltage degradation have also been fabricated successfully. A high breakdown voltage of 4.6 kV and DVf of 0.04 V were achieved for a (000-1) C-face pin diode. A 8.3 kV blocking performance, which is the highest voltage in the use of (000-1) C-face, is also demonstrated in 4H-SiC pin diode.
Authors: Tomonori Nakamura, Harunobu Sano, Takehiro Konoike, Kunisaburo Tomono
Authors: Tomonori Nakamura, Seiken Matsumoto, Tatsunobu Horibe, Masataka Satoh
Authors: Tomonori Nakamura, Toshiyuki Miyanagi, Isaho Kamata, Hidekazu Tsuchida
Abstract: We compared the electrical characteristics of 4H-SiC(0001) and (000-1) Schottky barrier diodes (SBDs), and derived the Schottky barrier heights (Hbs) of Ta, W, Mo, and Pd on {0001}. We investigated the annealing temperature dependence of Hbs in Mo and the W Schottky contacts for (0001) and (000-1). The Hbs are increased by annealing, except for the W Schottky contact on (0001). The yields of 0.25 cm2 as-deposited Mo-SBDs were 93.3% for (0001) and 71.1% for (000-1), respectively. We also demonstrated over 1 cm2 (0001) as-deposited Mo-SBD with a low leakage current, an excellent ideality factor, and no excess current, encouraging the enlargement of the active area in the SBD.
Authors: Hidekazu Tsuchida, Isaho Kamata, Toshiyuki Miyanagi, Tomonori Nakamura, Koji Nakayama, R. Ishii, Yoshitaka Sugawara
Abstract: Propagation and nucleation of basal plane dislocations (BPDs) in 4H-SiC(000-1) and (0001) epitaxy were compared. Synchrotron reflection X-ray topography was performed before and after epitaxial growth to classify the BPDs into those propagated from the substrate into the epilayer and those nucleated in the epilayer. It was revealed that the propagation ratio of BPDs for the (000-1) epitaxy was significantly smaller than that for the (0001) epitaxy. Growing (000-1) epilayers at a high C/Si ratio of 1.2 achieves a further reduction in BPDs to only 3 cm-2 for those propagated from the substrate, and 16 cm-2 for those nucleated in the epilayer. A dramatic increase was also found in the nucleation of BPDs omitting the re-polishing and in-situ H2 etching procedure.
Authors: L. Storasta, Isaho Kamata, Tomonori Nakamura, Hidekazu Tsuchida
Abstract: We have investigated the electrically active deep level defects in p- and n-type 4H-SiC after low energy electron irradiation. Intrinsic defects were created by irradiation with 200 keV electrons, with energy sufficient to move only the carbon atoms in SiC lattice. Defect spectra were compared between the p- and n-doped samples prepared under identical irradiation conditions. We probed both conduction and valence band sides of the band-gap by using capacitance transient techniques with electrical and optical trap filling. We have found that the defect spectrum in the p-type epilayers differs significantly from the n-type. The Z1/Z2, EH1 and EH3 electron traps which are usually present in irradiated n-type material could not be detected in p-type samples. An electron trap at 1.6 eV below the conduction band edge is present in both n- and p-type samples at the same energy position and with similar concentration, therefore it is probably related to the same type of defect. We have also found a new hole trap in p-type epilayers at energy EV + 0.66 eV.
Authors: Isaho Kamata, Hidekazu Tsuchida, Toshiyuki Miyanagi, Tomonori Nakamura
Abstract: We have developed non-destructive in-house observation techniques for dislocations and stacking faults (SFs) in 4H-SiC epilayers. Low temperature photoluminescence (PL) mapping was carried out at 100K using He-Cd laser (325 nm) as an exciation source. PL mapping at ~420 nm was used to investigate basal plane dislocations (BPDs), Shockley stacking faults (SSFs) and boundary, while PL mapping at ~470 nm and 100K obtained in-grown SF images. In addition, using a high-resolution laboratory X-ray topography system with a four-crystal collimator, we succeeded in recording BPDs propagating along [11-20]. From the measurement results, new evaluation techniques for dislocations and SFs other than KOH etching and Synchotron radiation topography were demonstrated on Si- and C-face 4H-SiC epilayers.
Authors: Koji Nakayama, Yoshitaka Sugawara, R. Ishii, Hidekazu Tsuchida, Toshiyuki Miyanagi, Isaho Kamata, Tomonori Nakamura
Abstract: Forward voltage degradation has been reduced by fabricating diodes on the (000-1)C-face. The reverse recovery characteristics of the 4H-SiC pin diode on the (000-1)C-face have been investigated. The pin diode on the C-face has superior potential to that on the Si-face among all parameters of the reverse recovery characteristics. The pin diode on the Si-face after conducting a current stress test tends to exhibit a fast turn-off as compared with that before conducting the stress test. On the C-face, however, there is little difference in reverse recovery characteristics between before and after conducting the current stress test.
Authors: Tomonori Nakamura, Toshiyuki Miyanagi, Hidekazu Tsuchida, Isaho Kamata, Tamotsu Jikimoto, Kunikaza Izumi
Abstract: We investigated the effect of high temperature annealing on the Schottky barrier height (Fb) and the ideality factor (n-factor) of a Mo contact. In a Mo contact, the Fb increased and the leakage current decreased by annealing at 600oC, while no increase in n-factor and forward excess current owing to the high temperature annealing was observed. The Schottky barrier diode with Mo contact annealed at 600oC showed a blocking-voltage (Vb) of 4.15 kV and a specific on resistance (Ron) of 9.07 mWcm2, achieving a high Vb 2/Ron value of 1898 MW/cm2.
Authors: Hidekazu Tsuchida, Toshiyuki Miyanagi, Isaho Kamata, Tomonori Nakamura, Kunikaza Izumi, Koji Nakayama, R. Ishii, Katsunori Asano, Yoshitaka Sugawara
Abstract: In this paper, we investigated the density of basal plane dislocations (BPDs) in 4H-SiC epilayers grown on (0001) and (000-1). Re-polishing of the substrate surface, in-situ H2 etching and off-cut angle were found to influence the propagation of BPDs into the epilayers. The epitaxial growth on (000-1) substrates yields a relatively low density of BPDs compared to growth on (0001). The electrical characteristics of pn diodes were also investigated, and the suppressed forward degradation and high-voltage blocking performance were obtained in the use of the (000-1) epilayers.
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