Papers by Author: Tomoyo Goto

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Authors: Jun-Ichi Matsushita, Tatsuki Satsukawa, Naoya Iwamoto, Xiao Ling Wang, Jian Feng Yang, Tomoyo Goto, Tohru Sekino, Xiao Yong Wu, Shu Yin, Tsugio Sato
Abstract: The oxidation of pentatitanium trisilicide (Ti5Si3) powder at high temperature was investigated in order to determine the suitability of this ceramic material for advanced application in an oxidation atmosphere at high temperature. Titanium silicide has been attracted for years as an engineering ceramics due to its high hardness, high melting point, and good chemical stability. The samples were oxidized from 300 to 1000 °C for 1 to 5 h in air. The mass changes were measured to estimate the oxidation resistance of the sample. The mass gain of the sample oxidized at 1000 °C for 5 h was about 26 % of the theoretical oxidation mass change. The commercial powder, Ti5Si3 showed an excellent oxidation resistance at 1000 °C, because the surface film of both titanium dioxide and silicon dioxide formed by oxidation acted as an oxidation resistant layer.
Authors: Tomoyo Goto, Sung Hun Cho, Chikara Ohtsuki, Tohru Sekino
Abstract: We synthesized TiO2 nanoparticles dispersed hydroxyapatite (TiO2-modifed HAp) by solvothermal treatment of α-tricalcium phosphate (α-TCP) using water-isopropanol solution including tetraisopropyl orthotitanate (TTIP). Rod-shaped HAp with TiO2 nanoparticles were formed by solvothermal treatment. HAp formation decreased with increasing the isopropanol fraction in the solution with TTIP. With increasing the treatment period, the rate of HAp formation in sample increased. The aspect ratio of HAp decreased with increasing the isopropanol fraction in the solution. Synthesized TiO2-modifed HAp samples shows the photocatalytic decoloration of methylene blue under UV irradiation.
Authors: Sotaro Baba, Tomoyo Goto, Sung Hun Cho, Tohru Sekino
Abstract: The effect of nitrogen gas flow rate on the morphology of silicon nitride fibers obtained via carbothermal nitridation heat treatment method was investigated. A precursor containing silicon, oxygen and carbon was obtained by a sol-gel method from a mixture of tetraethyl orthosilicate, polyvinyl alcohol, H2O and ethanol. A white wool-like product was obtained by heat treating the precursor placed in an alumina crucible under a 0.5 MPa nitrogen gas pressure at 1500oC with different nitrogen gas flow rates. The mass-based production rates of the samples obtained from the precursor powder were 20-30% for the different nitrogen gas flow rates. X-ray diffraction analysis revealed that the samples contained α-Si3N4 as the major phase along with β-Si3N4, Si2N2O and a small amount of amorphous product as minor phases. Unique twisted fibers with diameters of several hundreds of nanometers were found among the straight fibers by SEM observation. Elemental analysis using energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy indicated that silicon and nitrogen were contained in the twisted fibers along with approximately 68 at.% of oxygen and several at.% of aluminum, which might have come from the crucible material. The SiAlON-like structures might have been formed by the partial dissolution of Al and O in the Si3N4 fibers. It was considered that the twisted morphology of some fibers might be formed by co-existing of β-SiAlON and/or amorphous phase regions in the Si3N4 fiber and resultant distortion of the fibers.
Authors: Tomoyo Goto, Tohru Sekino
Abstract: In this study, we synthesized the TiO2-modified hydroxyapatite (HAp) with various morphologies by hydrothermal treatment using urea decomposition, at 160 oC for 6 h. After hydrothermal treatment, carbonate-substituted HAp and TiO2 (anatase) phases were formed in products using 1.0-0.1 M urea solution. The morphology of synthesized HAp changed from small plate-shaped to long needle-shaped crystals with decreasing the urea concentration. The photocatalytic property for samples was investigated by decoloration test using 25 ppm methylene blue solution. In comparison with HAp samples without TiO2, the TiO2-modified HAp clearly showed the photocatalytic decomposition of methylene blue by UV irradiation.
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