Papers by Author: Viktoria V. Pishchulina

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Authors: Viktoria V. Pishchulina
Abstract: A one-apsidal hall church is always a reflection of so-called “vulgar” Christianity, thus revealing the important peculiarities of the spatial culture of the region where it is erected. In this region we can mark two periods when such temples were built: VI-VII c. and X-XII c. The first period is associated with the missionary activity by Byzantine Empire, Antioch, Caucasian Albania which was conditioned by both geopolitical interests (Byzantian Empire, Antioch) and the shift of The Great Silk Way to the north (Caucasian Albania). The second, as the research has shown, is connected with the migration of the peoples of Abkhazia, the abzakhs to this territory in the XII-XIII c. and the development of contacts with the Crimea. In the North Black Sea Region the one-apsidal hall church appears as early as in the VI c. – in the territory of Abkhazia we know about ten such temples. The temples of this type in the area of Big Sochi are dated back to the VII-VIII c. In the first Abhzaian temples we can reveal the influence of denominational centers – Byzantian Empire, Antioch, Caucasian Albania. In the temples of the Black Sea coast of both periods – introduction of the samples from Abkhazia.
Authors: Viktoria V. Pishchulina, Alhas V. Argun
Abstract: In the article the conceptual issues of the restorations and the architecture features of the gate node of the second line of the defense of Anakopia the capital of the early medieval of the Abkhazian Kingdom are considered. The round tower near the gate is unique by the nature of its arches. It was determined by the research that the tower was not built on a model but by the individual order. The analogues of the tower and its construction techniques were detected on the former territory of Byzantine empire – in Turkey, Greece, Armenia. The dates of the construction periods were specified from VI till XI c. Based on the results of the digital researches the features of the architecture of the monument in different periods were authentically restored.
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