Papers by Author: Vincent Ji

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Authors: Vincent Klosek, Marie Helene Mathon, M.H. Aouni, Rémi Chiron, Vincent Ji
Abstract: By associating texture determinations and strains measurements by neutron diffraction, the elastoplastic behaviours of families of crystallites with the same crystallographic orientations were characterized in situ in a brass and a bronze alloys under uniaxial loading. The polycrystalline orientation analysis method proposed here allows an intermediate approach between a “local” (intragranular) and a “global” characterization, within the bulk of massive samples.
Authors: Marie Helene Mathon, Yann de Carlan, Sheng Yi Zhong, Jean Henry, Patrick Olier, Vincent Klosek, Vincent Ji
Abstract: Small Angle Neutron Scattering (SANS) technique allows to characterize at a nanoscale the microstructure of the ferritic martensitic steels and ODS FeCr alloys which are candidates for the internal structures of future nuclear reactors. Firstly, the microstructure evolution induced by neutron irradiation at high dose in conventional and Reduced Activation Fe9%Cr martensitic steels is presented. Then, a SANS study of Oxide Dispersion Strengthened (ODS) alloys is also presented. The main objective is to control the nano-size oxide particles at the various stages of the fabrication process.
Authors: M. Qin, Vincent Ji, S.Y. Ma, J.B. Li
Abstract: Investigation on the quasi-static residual stress relaxation is an important aspect of component design and life management. After taking into account the influence of transverse stress and strength distribution, this paper proposes a new criterion of residual stress relaxation under quasi-static load as follow: the surface residual stress tends to relax as long as the Mises effective stress anywhere exceeds the local yield point. In addition, by X-ray tensile test, a method of determining superficial yield strength based on the Von Mises hypothesis was applied at the shot-peened surface of a martensitic stainless steel 0Cr13Ni4Mo. The experimental results show that the yield strength of superficial layer is larger than that of core material. According to the experimental results, a simplified ladder-shaped model of the depth distribution of yield strength is proposed. On the basis of the above-mentioned relaxation criterion and the strength distribution model, a new method is presented to calculate the relaxation amount. The calculated results coincide with the experimental results.
Authors: Dong Ya Huang, Xiang Jin Zhao, Tao Zhang, Vincent Ji
Abstract: The isothermal oxidation behavior of Zr58Nb3Cu16Ni13Al10 bulk metallic glass (BMG) under dry air in the glassy state and the supercooled liquid state (SLS) was studied by the thermogravimetric method. The oxidation rate and thickness growth speed in the SLS were both hugely higher than in the glassy state. The oxidation kinetics of BMG in both states for 1.5 hours was different, the parabolic law was followed in the glassy state at 300°C and 350°C, contrarily the linear law was followed in SLS at 400 °C. After the oxidation for 126 hours in SLS, the oxidation kinetics possessed two stages, the linear stage and the parabolic stage. The diffusion of the Cu2+ ion and CuZr intermetallic alloys were detected by GIXRD.
Authors: J.B. Li, X.Y. Gai, D.L. Wang, S.Y. Ma, Vincent Ji
Abstract: The work hardening effect of the shot peening affected layer of hardened and low temperature tempered spring steel was investigated using the method for determining the yield strength of a metallic surface with biaxial residual stress. The results show that for the surface layer of the specimens, the microhardness and half-width values of X-ray diffraction lines is decreased, whereas the yield strength is increased during shot peening. Thus, shot peening leads the surface layer of steel in hard state to work hardening instead of work softening.
Authors: Antônio Claret Soares Sabioni, Emiliane Advíncula Malheiros, Vincent Ji, François Jomard
Abstract: In order to investigate the role of oxygen diffusion in the oxidation process of the AISI 439 ferritic stainless steel, oxygen ion diffusion coefficients were determined, for the first time, in oxide films formed by the oxidation of this steel. Steel samples were firstly oxidized from 750o C to 900o C, in synthetic air, in order to grow oxide films mainly made up of chrome oxide; the oxygen diffusion experiments were then performed using the stable isotope 18O as oxygen tracer. The introduction of the 18O in the oxide film was performed by means of the gas-solid isotopic exchange method, in the temperature range of 750-900o C, in Ar+21%18O2 atmosphere. The 18O diffusion profiles were established by secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS). Parabolic oxidation constants calculated by means of Wagner´s theory, using the oxygen ion diffusion coefficient determined by our experimental process, are greater than oxidation constants previously determined in oxidation experiments from 850 to 950º C, in air, which indicates that the oxygen ion diffusion is large enough to assure the growth rate of the oxide film formed by the oxidation of the AISI 439 steel in these temperatures.
Authors: Ning Li, Ji Xiao, Nathalie Prudhomme, Vincent Ji
Abstract: In order to investigate the high temperature oxidation behavior of AISI 430 stainless steel in atmosphere with humidity, the thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) has been conducted for different duration under air with variable absolute humidity (from 0% to 5%) at 800 °C and 900 °C. XRD has been used to determine residual stresses in each layer and in substrate. It has been found that the oxidation kinetics and residual stresses were affected by the water vapor. After oxidation, the oxide scale composed of an inner Chromia (Cr2O3) layer and an outer Mn1.5Cr1.5O4 spinel layer, while breakaway oxidation happened with the introduction of water vapor at 900 °C. The residual stresses in each of oxide layer are in compression and their levels varied with oxidation conditions.
Authors: Lei Li, Yan Liu, Xiao Nan Mao, Vincent Ji
Abstract: High strength, low density, and excellent corrosion resistance are the main properties that make titanium attractive for a variety of applications. The phase structures and phase transitions of titanium, which are of tremendous scientific and technological interest, have attracted a great deal of attention for many years. In addition to hexagonal close packed α-Ti, high temperature phase β-Ti with body-centered cubic structure and ω-Ti with the hexagonal structure of high-pressure phase, the face-centered cubic structure, which is not in the P-T diagram of titanium, is observed in ultrathin films. In the present paper, the Ti films prepared by magnetron sputtering on MgO(111) single crystal substrate were investigated by means of X-Ray Diffraction (XRD) and High-Resolution Transmission Electron Microscope (HRTEM). The results showed that the Ti films grow epitaxial with a face centered cubic (fcc) structure even the thickness is up to about 50nm. With the thickness increases, the Ti films transformed to hexagonal close packed (hcp) structure and showed an epitaxial growth along (002)hcp-Ti direction. The results show that the onset thickness of fcc-hcp structure transformation is 50-100nm. The temperature and power of sputter affect the formation of fcc-Ti.
Authors: Dong Ya Huang, Bin Wang, Vincent Ji, Tao Zhang
Abstract: The isothermal initial oxidation kinetics of Zr55Cu30Al10Ni5 bulk metallic glass in glassy state (lower than Tg = 685K) and in surpercooled liquid state (Tg = 685 K < T < Tx=774 K) is investigated under dry air by thermogravimetric method in short-term stage (for 1.5 hours). A protective parabolic law is followed in glassy state, except at 573 K where a linear law is followed. The self-limiting oxidation kinetics evolves from a short linear stage to a steady mild growth stage in supercooled liquid state at 723 K, which is induced mainly by crystallization and by the fast growth of dense scale. The growth of the scale is dominated by the formation of tetragonal-ZrO2 (t- ZrO2) in the range of 623 K - 673 K in glassy state for 1.5 hours. The activation energy of oxidation is mainly piloted by the diffusion of oxygen ions.
Authors: Zhe Chen, Bin Wang, Nathalie Prud’homme, Sheng Li Ma, Vincent Ji, Patrick Ribot
Abstract: Zirconia (ZrO2) films were deposited by metal-organic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD) on {1 0 0} Si single crystal using Zr(thd)4 precursors. The thickness of obtained films is typically of 3.5 μm. The samples have been characterized by Field-Emission-Gun Scanning Electron Microscopy (FEG-SEM) for morphologic and microstructure study, and by X-ray Diffraction (XRD) for crystalline structure. The microstructure analysis showed that unexpected stable single tetragonal phase preferentially grew in low temperature area. According to the literature, the tetragonal phase stabilization is related to the crystalline size and the internal compressive stress. To analyze the effect of grain size and internal stress on the phase transformation, the thermal annealing were carried out in different temperatures and internal stress was measured by XRD method.
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