Papers by Author: W.Y. Zhou

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Authors: P. Lin, W.Y. Zhou, Q. Yang, Yu Jing Hu
Abstract: In this paper, a new three dimensional FEM model was elucidated on arch dam cracking analysis. Based on the least potential energy method, the stiffness of the interface between two types of mesh is coupled into the whole stiff matrix in this model. By this means, the FEM mesh of local area of arch dam can be easily changed from a coarse mesh to a fine mesh. By changing the density of mesh, the consideration of heterogeneity for the calculating elements is achieved by assigned to the elements random strength and elastic modulus according to a Weibull distribution. This model allows to densify the mesh of a local area and to trace the cracking of this area undertake damage criterion. By applying this new model, the mechanism of vertical cracks opening along the downstream surface of Shuanghe Arch Dam after two years of operation was briefly analyzed. The numerical result is basically agreed with the field investigation.
1569
Authors: P. Lin, R.H.C. Wong, Yu Fang Fu, Chun An Tang, W.Y. Zhou
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Authors: R.K. Wang, P. Lin, W.Y. Zhou
Abstract: In this paper, by employing a three dimensional geomechanics model test whose scale is 1:250, the dam cracking process was observed, and integrity stability was analyzed and evaluated under overloading test. The experimental results show that: the stress and strain of the dam can basically meet the requirements of dam safety under normal water load, and the dam failure mode of the left abutment is different from that in the right side because of different types of dam figure and geological conditions. Firstly, the local slip fracture is formed on the foundation, then extends along the bottom of dam, and leads to instability and final failure. In overloading process, crack initiate from dam heel under twice normal water pressure, and form a small cracking zone, then yielding continuously and crack band appearing in downstream surface under 4.5th normal water pressure, and overall failure under 8.5th normal water pressure. The integrity stability is shown strong enough with experimental dam shape (XLD03 Figure) and the configuration of its foundation.
2565
Authors: P. Lin, R.K. Wang, W.Y. Zhou, Q. Yang
Abstract: In this paper, failure behavior of basalt specimen containing 3D-flaw with different angles is investigated under triaxial compression. The process of crack growth was observed by computerized comography (CT). Based on the experimental results, the following conclusions were obtained: Under 3D loading condition, the angle of pre-existing flaw has a dominating influence on the zone of stress concentration. When the flaw angle is parallel to the direction of vertical loading, the failure peak strength is greater than that of sample containing other flaw angle, and the final failure mode is irregular. When the pre-existing flaw angle is about 60 degree with horizontal loading direction, stress concentration is easy to form at the tip of pre-existing flaw, and lead many small radicalized cracks to propagate. Under 3D loading condition, the cracking surface generally is distorted and lead crack to propagate in irregular direction, and then form irregular space failure with mixed mode. The experimental results observed here has shown that the experimental system and method in this study is efficient and robust.
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