Papers by Author: Wolfgang Dietzel

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Authors: Carsten Blawert, Emma D. Morales, Wolfgang Dietzel, Karl Ulrich Kainer
Abstract: Thixocasting is a new semi-solid processing route for magnesium alloys; it is claimed that finer microstructures can be produced and as a consequence, better corrosion resistance can be achieved. Therefore, it is of great interest to compare the corrosion properties of two Mg-Zn-RE alloys produced by standard squeeze casting and new semi-solid casting technique. The influence of the two different processing routes and the replacement of rare earth elements by Ca additions on the corrosion behavior were studied in NaCl aqueous solutions by (a) analyzing the corrosion morphology, (b) measuring electrochemical polarization curves, and (c) carrying immersion tests at constant pH-value. Using light microscopy, scanning electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction, the corrosion results were related to the microstructures on the specific alloys. The results indicate that Ca cannot replace rare earth elements under corrosion aspects, but they also showed that the thixocasting process resulted in better corrosion resistance.
Authors: Rong Chang Zeng, Wolfgang Dietzel, Jun Chen, Wei Jiu Huang, Jun Wang
Abstract: As magnesium is an essential element for the human body, magnesium alloys are expected to be promising implant materials despite their lower corrosion resistance. The most potential advantages of magnesium lie on both excellent biocompatibility and good mechanical properties. A TiO2 coating had been successfully deposited on the surface of AM60 samples by using a thermal spray technique and was then sealed with sodium silicate. The corrosion behavior was investigated by using the potentiodynamic electrochemical technique. The experimental results demonstrated that the TiO2 coating had a porous ceramic structure. The thickness and micro hardness of the layer reached 40 μm and 886 HV, respectively. After additional sealing with sodium silicate, TiO2 coating on magnesium alloy improved corrosion resistance in Hank’s solution.
Authors: Emma D. Morales, Edward Ghali, Norbert Hort, Wolfgang Dietzel, Karl Ulrich Kainer
Authors: Carsten Blawert, V. Heitmann, Wolfgang Dietzel, M. Störmer, Y. Bohne, Stephan Mändl, B. Rauschenbach
Abstract: The range of applications for magnesium alloys is still limited due to their relatively poor corrosion behavior. In recent years, various new magnesium alloys were developed, some of them with improved corrosion properties, thus opening new fields of application. However, the number of alloying elements for the use in conventional cast processes is limited due to their interaction with liquid magnesium, other alloying elements or large differences in the melting temperatures. The possibilities for grain refinement by post-processing are also restricted. PVD techniques can help to produce supersaturated precipitation free and microcrystalline magnesium layers. Using ion beam and magnetron sputtering, binary or ternary Mg-Al, Mg-Ti and Mg-Sn alloy systems as well as standard alloys (AM50, AZ91 and AE42) were deposited on silicon and on magnesium substrates. The effect of the microstructure on the corrosion properties was studied by comparing as cast material and PVD coatings using potentiodynamic polarization, linear polarization resistance, and electrochemical impedance techniques.
Authors: Rainer Falkenberg, Wolfgang Brocks, Wolfgang Dietzel, Ingo Schneider
Abstract: The effect of hydrogen on the mechanical behaviour is twofold: It affects the local yield stress and it accelerates material damage. On the other hand, the diffusion behaviour is influenced by the hydrostatic stress, the plastic deformation and the strain rate. This requires a coupled model of deformation, damage and diffusion. The deformation behaviour is described by von Mises plasticity with pure isotropic hardening, and crack extension is simulated by a cohesive zone model. The local hydrogen concentration, which is obtained from the diffusion analysis, causes a reduction of the cohesive strength. Crack extension in a C(T) specimen of a ferritic steel under hydrogen charging is simulated by fully coupled diffusion and mechanical finite element analyses with ABAQUS and the results are compared with test results.
Authors: Wolfgang Dietzel, Michael Pfuff, Guido G. Juilfs
Abstract: Fracture mechanics based test and evaluation techniques are used to gain insight into the phenomenon of stress corrosion cracking (SCC) and to develop guidance for avoiding or controlling SCC. Complementary to well known constant load and constant deflection test methods experiments that are based on rising load or rising displacement situations and are specified in the new ISO standard 7539 – Part 9 may be applied to achieve these goals. These are particularly suitable to study cases of SCC and hydrogen embrittlement of high strength steels, aluminium and titanium alloys and to characterise the susceptibility of these materials to environmentally assisted cracking. In addition, the data generated in such R-curve tests can be used to model the degradation of the material caused by the uptake of atomic hydrogen from the environment. This is shown for the case of a high strength structural steel (FeE 690T) where in fracture mechanics SCC tests on pre-cracked C(T) specimens a correlation between the rate of change in plastic deformation and the crack extension rate due to hydrogen embrittlement was established. The influence of plastic strain on the hydrogen diffusion was additionally studied by electrochemical permeation experiments. By modelling this diffusion based on the assumption that trapping of the hydrogen atoms takes place at trap sites which are generated by the plastic deformation, a good agreement was achieved between experimentally obtained data and model predictions.
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