Papers by Author: Xin Yu

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Authors: Tao Zhang, Shi Chao Nie, Ze Hua Pan, Zhi Wei Li, Nai Kui Gao, Xin Yu
Abstract: High temperature caused by copper core would have a certain impact on the performance of XLPE insulation during the long running process of the cable. In this paper, the XLPE/PVC cable running for 17years was investigated by using thermal analysis, microstructure analysis, mechanical property analysis and dielectric properties analysis. The influences of long-term operation for the physical and chemical properties of cable insulation are analyzed by the performance of the insulation material. DSC results indicated that position of shoulder peak would characterize the thermal history of material and express the crystal size distribution of XLPE indirectly. Mechanical property test results showed that effect of long term high temperature would decrease the elongation at break and breaking strength of XLPE. SEM results showed that the effect of long term high temperature increased the average size of crystal and the distribution of the crystal became concentrated, meanwhile it verified the relevant conclusion of DSC.
Authors: Xin Yu, Peng Fei Gao, Nai Kui Gao, Zhen Huang, Hai Yun Jin
Abstract: Cross-linked polyethylene (XLPE) as insulation material has been widely used in the manufacturing of medium and high voltage cables for its excellent physical, chemical, mechanical and electrical properties. However, as cable insulation, the XLPE will degradate under service conditions, such as thermal oxidative degradation, mechanical treatment, operating environment etc. In this paper, the closed cable loop had been heated for 7 days by induced current of 1000A, and several diagnostic measurements had been adopted to characterize the performance of XLPE. Firstly FTIR has been conducted on different bending degree cable samples in order to reveal the effect of mechanical treatment on the content changes which occur in XLPE insulation layers. DSC analysis showed the effect of cooling process on the shoulder melting peak temperatures. In the last part, microstructure of the insulation of high current bending XLPE cable was studied. The results showed that the properties of the bending cable after heating by the high current changed a lot and the degree of bending also has an effect on the performance of the cable.
Authors: Peng Fei Gao, Xin Yu, Nai Kui Gao, Teng Yue Ren, Chun Wu, Hai Yun Jin, Jun-Ichi Matsushita
Abstract: Liquid crystal (LC) polymer, composited with inorganic filler, has a broad application prospect in electronic and electrical industry. In this research, permittivity (εr) and dielectric loss tangent (tanδ) of LC composites under different temperatures and frequencies were investigated, and activation energies were calculated and analyzed. At low temperatures and high frequencies, LC composites exhibited well dielectric properties. εr changed a little (3.6~4.0) in temperature range of-60°C~160°C when frequency was higher than 10Hz, but increased sharply when temperatures was higher than 100°C and frequency was lower 10Hz. The tanδ increased sharply with increasing temperature when temperatures was higher than 100°C and frequency was lower than 102Hz, and when frequency was above 102Hz, the value of tanδ changed gently (10-3~10-2). The peak of tanδ would translate to higher frequencies direction with increasing temperature in tanδ-frequency curve, and to higher temperatures direction with increasing frequency in tanδ-temperature curve. Activation energy is calculated by fitting the peak of the imaginary of the electric modulus, and activation energy is 0.43eV in low temperature and 1.59eV in high temperature.
Authors: Xin Yu, Peng Fei Gao, Xiang Yang Peng, Nai Kui Gao, Zhen Huang, Hai Yun Jin, Soo Wohn Lee
Abstract: Cross-linked polyethylene (XLPE) is a main kind of insulation materials, used in medium and high voltage power cable. High voltage XLPE cable production mainly adopts peroxide crosslinking method, and the performance of XLPE cable will be affected by decomposing by-products of crosslinking agent (DCP, dicumyl peroxide).In this paper, the XLPE cable was degassed with different times. The XLPE samples were analyzed by infrared spectrum analysis, DSC analysis and electron microscopy, and the influences of degassing on XLPE crystalline morphology were analyzed. The results showed that the crystal structure of XLPE in the cable was affected by degassing treatment. With the degassing treatment time went on, the by-products kept releasing. The content of by-products in 110kV XLPE cable decreased obviously in 2-7 days’ degassing treatment, and changed slowly after 7 days’. The growth and perfection of the original crystal in XLPE material were obtained, and the new small grains were formed in the material.
Authors: Xin Yu, Tao Zhang, Jin Feng Wang, Zhi Wei Li, Lin Yi, Yu Feng Li
Abstract: In this paper, the insulation near the fault point of a breakdown 220 kV cable joint for burned cable, which kept burning for about one hour, was investigated. The relationship between insulation performance and damage degree of burned cable was analyzed by comprehensive test of material performance. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) test results showed that the shoulder peak temperature could reflect the heat history of the materials. There was a correlation between damage degree and the characteristic absorption peak of spectrum (IR) graph. The result of mechanical performance was different obviously. The results of broadband dielectric spectrum showed that the relative permittivity and dielectric loss factor for samples close to the fault point were smaller. By the microstructure observation of sample crystal distribution form, the above conclusions were proved. As a conclusion, DSC, IR, SEM and dielectric performance analysis results matched the real situation, showed that these methods was feasible and effective to judge the damage degree of burned cable.
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