Papers by Author: Xing Dong Zhang

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Authors: L. Zheng, J.M. Luo, Bang Cheng Yang, Ji Yong Chen, Xing Dong Zhang
Abstract: Stress shielding, which occurred always around traditional one part implant applied for prosthetic artificial lower limb attachment, would cause osteoporosis and thus result in the loose and extrusion, and then the malfunction of the implant. To improve the structure of the implant, a new type of implant—multi-part implant was developed in this article. Based on CT data and under the maximal load during a normal walking cycle, 3D finite element analysis (FEA) was carried out to analyze the stress of bone around the new implant in three cases of distally truncated femur at high position、middle-position and low-position. Results reveal that stress shielding and stress concentration under the new type of implant reduced effectively compared with the traditional one-part implant, and the stress distribution is much close to the natural bone. Application for distally truncated femur at middle-position and low-position was much better, while stress concentration was marked at high-position. Meanwhile, the stability in vivo can also be maintained with the multi-part implant. The new implant is promising applied for prosthetic limb.
Authors: Ji Yong Chen, You Rong Duan, Chun Lin Deng, Qi Yi Zhang, Xing Dong Zhang
Abstract: In vitro method has often been used in the biodegradation/bioactivity evaluation of bioactive ceramics for its convenience and saving in time and outlay. The simulated body fluid (SBF) suggested by Kokubo was a good simulation of the osteoproduction environment in osseous tissue and has been proved to be a good method to study the bioactivity of biomaterials and the mechanism of bone bonding. But SBF is not a suitable method to research the osteoinduction of biomaterials. The results from SBF were not consistent with that from in vivo in muscle. The local ion concentration is the key factors to affect the nucleation and growth of apatite. In muscle the effect of body fluid flowing on local ion concentration cannot be ignored. A dynamic SBF suggested by these authors of this paper not only simulated the ion concentration of body fluid, but also simulated the effect of body fluid flowing on the local ion concentration near the surface or in biomaterials in muscle. The results from the dynamic SBF were in good agreement with that of the implantation experiments in muscle. The results from dynamic SBF showed that apatite only formed on the walls of macropores of the porous CaP, no apatite formed on the surface of both dense and porous CaP. The new bone only formed on the walls of macropores of porous CaP implanted in muscles, no apatite or osseous tissue could be found on the surfaces of both porous and dense CaP. The dynamic SBF preferably simulated the osteoinduction environment in non-osseous tissue and can be used in osteoinductivity evaluation of bioceramics.
Authors: Chao Yong Zhao, Hu Li, T. Yuan, Hong Song Fan, Xing Dong Zhang, Zhong Wei Gu
Abstract: This study was carried out to investigate the effect of acid-alkali treatment and alkaliheat treatment on the push-out strength and tissue response of the porous titanium in vivo. Porous titanium with different treatment was implanted in dog bony site for 2 months and 5 months and the push-out strength was tested. At 2 months, the mean push-out strengths of the acid-alkali treated and alkali-heat treated porous titanium were 11.3 and 15 MPa, respectively. At 5 months, the values reached 29.8 and 35 MPa, respectively. Histological observation showed a close contact between implants and bone, and more bone tissue filled inside the pores of porous titanium increasing with implantation time. The results indicated higher bonding strength between bone and porous titanium in alkali-heat treated samples. Therefore, alkali-heat treatment can provide porous titanium implants with better fixation as a bone substitute for clinical use under load-bearing conditions.
Authors: Yi Wang, Hong Song Fan, Yu Mei Xiao, Zhong Wei Gu, Xing Dong Zhang
Abstract: A new way to prepare polymer/hydroxyapatite(HA) composite scaffolds with 3-D interconnected macro and micro pores at room temperature was established, basically based on solvent-casting and particle-leaching together with foaming technique. With this method, Polylactide (PLA) / HA composites of porous architecture with macro pores (50~300)m, average 200)m) and micro pores (~10)m) on the skeleton were obtained. The bending strength and the compressive strength of the composite scaffold were reached to 11.5 MPa and 7MPa respectively with the porosity of approximate to 90%. The study supplied a new short time, low energyexpending method to prepare polymer/ceramic composite with high porosity and interconnected porous structure at room temperature.
Authors: Yu Mei Xiao, Xu Dong Li, Hong Song Fan, Xiang Dong Zhu, Li Zhao Teng, Zhong Wei Gu, Xing Dong Zhang
Abstract: Good interfacial interaction is crucial for preparation of inorganic-organic materials at a nanometer level. Poly(α-methacrylic acid) (PMAA) was grafted on the PLA surfaces via photooxidization and subsequent UV induced polymerization in an attempt to synthesize nano-hydroxyapatite/poly(lactide) (n-HA/PLA) composites. Grafting of PMAA on the PLA surface was confirmed using FTIR analysis and the size distribution measurement of the grafted-PLA (g-PLA) particles. n-HA/g-PLA composites were in situ synthesized via dropwise addition of Ca2+- and g-PLA containing solution to PO4 3-- solution. The prepared composites were characterized by FTIR, XRD,SEM and TEM means. Analytical results indicated that the g-PLA acts as a template to manipulate the nucleation and growth of n-HA crystals and thereby to control the morphology, size and anisotropy of n-HA crystals and their distribution over the organic phase. Chemical linkages and/or interfacial interactions between the n-HA and the g-PLA in the n-HA/g-PLA composite were further discussed.
Authors: Yu Mei Xiao, Hui Chuan Zhao, Hong Song Fan, Xin Lin Wang, L.K. Guo, Xu Dong Li, Xing Dong Zhang
Abstract: A composite of needle-like nano-hydroxyapatite (n-HA)/poly (D,L) lactide (PDLLA) was prepared. The n-HA crystals were poorly crystallized and uniformly distributed in the composite with a crystal size of 10–20 nm in diameter by 40–60nm in length,which was smaller than that of pure nano-HA. Molecular interactions and chemical bonds might present between n-HA and PDLLA in the composite, which were revealed by IR and XPS. The synthetic n-HA/PDLLA composite had a good homogeneity and could be a bioactive material for bone defect especially for load-bearing bone repair, which is more potential than pure HA or pure PDLLA.
Authors: You Rong Duan, Cheng Yong Wang, Ji Yong Chen, Xing Dong Zhang
Authors: Bang Cheng Yang, Qi Feng Yu, Ji Yong Chen, Xing Dong Zhang
Abstract: The bioactivity of a composite of titania and hydroxyapatite was studied in vitro in this paper. After the titania ceramics was added 10% HA, it could induce apatite formation in simulated body fluid in 2d, while the pure titania ceramics could not induced apatite formation even after 14d. After the composite of titania and HA was subjected to alkali-heat treatment, it has a faster speed for apatite formation in SBF than the composite without treatment. When the osteoblast was cultured on the materials, the amount of osteoblasts attaching on the composite was more than that on the pure titania ceramics. It has the most osteoblasts cells on the composite subjected to alkali-heat treatment. These results showed that the composite of titania and HA is a bioactive materials, while the alkali-heat treatment could improved the bioactivity of this composite.
Authors: Qi Feng Yu, Zhen Sheng Li, Bang Cheng Yang, Y. Huang, L. Gan, Yang Qu, Xing Dong Zhang
Abstract: Nano-titania ceramics is a potential biomaterial for orthopaedic application. In our previous studies, a bioactive nano-titania ceramics was prepared by using alkali-heat treatment. In this paper, hydroxyapatite was used as a grain growth inhibitor additive to get nano-titania ceramics with different grain size, and the effect of grain size on the bioactivity was studied in vitro.
Authors: Li Ping Wang, Bang Cheng Yang, Ji Yong Chen, Xing Dong Zhang
Abstract: The bioactivities of titanium oxide film on titanium surface received from different chemical treatment methods were studied in SBF in vitro and mechanically and histologically investigated in vivo. Three groups of titanium specimens were prepared: untreated titanium(S), acid-alkali treated titanium (H), and acid-alkali and heat-treated titanium(X). The oxide film of X surface resulted in more apatite formation and significantly higher strength of the interface between the samples and bone than those of the other titanium groups. The surface of the acid-alkali treated titanium and that further treated by heat treatment had higher bioactivity and stronger bone-bonding ability.
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