Papers by Author: Xue Ming Lü

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Authors: Jin Cheng, Xiao Ping Zou, Xiang Min Meng, Gang Qiang Yang, Xue Ming Lü, Cui Liu Wei, Zhe Sun, Hong Ying Feng, Yuan Yang
Abstract: The synthesis of lead hydroxide nanowires by solution-phase chemical reactions of lead nitrate with alkali by adding sodium chloride was reported. The obtained lead hydroxide nanowires have a length of a few micrometers and a diameter of about several tens of nanometers. The selected-area electron diffraction reveals that these lead hydroxide nanowires are single crystalline. Controlled experiments indicate that lead hydroxide nanowires prefer to form at higher concentration of chloride ions in lead nitrate precursor solutions, such as Cl- : Pb2+ = 5:1 and 6:1.
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Authors: Gang Qiang Yang, Xiao Ping Zou, Xiang Min Meng, Jin Cheng, Xue Ming Lü, Cui Liu Wei, Zhe Sun, Hong Ying Feng, Yuan Yang
Abstract: In this paper, a simple and controllable method to fabricate - and -PbO is reported. Lead nitrate as precursor was dissolved in 50ml distilled water, and was heated to 80oC. Sodium chloride was added into the lead nitrate aqueous solution. During the process, -PbO deposition will be obtained when we add lead nitrate solutions with KOH pellets without chloride anion. When we add lead nitrate solutions with KOH pellets with a little chloride anion, there will produce -PbO deposition. Our results indicate that the concentration of chloride anion and temperature of reaction solution affects the crystal morphologies and modifications of lead monoxide plate precipitates from lead nitrate solution and we can selectively and controllably produce - or -PbO by this way.
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Authors: Jin Cheng, Xiao Ping Zou, Gang Qiang Yang, Xue Ming Lü, Cui Liu Wei, Zhe Sun, Hong Ying Feng, Yuan Yang
Abstract: Well-aligned multi-walled carbon nanotube (MWNT) arrays were grown by floating catalyst chemical vapor deposition (CVD) on quartz substrate. The MWNTs in arrays had a uniform diameter of 30-50nm and high degree of graphitization. We find that catalyst nanoparticles with different sizes can be separated and deposit at different position by carrier gas flow under gravity effect in floating catalyst CVD. It is one of the main reasons that lead to the growth of well-aligned MWNTs.
795
Authors: Jin Cheng, Xiao Ping Zou, Gang Qiang Yang, Xue Ming Lü, Cui Liu Wei, Zhe Sun, Hong Ying Feng, Yuan Yang
Abstract: In this study, we report the synthesis of carbon nanotubes by ethanol catalytic chemical vapor deposition, which employs ferrocene as the catalyst precursors and ethanol as carbon source. We obtained massive deposits. The deposits were characterized by scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and visual laser Raman spectroscopy. We discussed the effects of synthesis temperature on the synthesis of carbon nanotubes by floating catalytic chemical vapor deposition. Our results indicated that the synthesis temperature could affect not only on the graphitization degree, but also on the aligned growth of carbon nanotubes and the diameter of carbon nanotubes.
799
Authors: Yi Su, Xiao Ping Zou, Xiang Min Meng, Gong Qing Teng, Gang Qiang Yang, Xue Ming Lü
Abstract: We are reporting here on an inexpensive and facile fabrication method for ZnO nanorod arrays by hydrothermal growth at low temperature (90°C). In our experiment, ZnO nanostructures were grown on glass substrate using an equimolar (0.1M) aqueous solution of Zn(NO3)2•6H2O (zinc nitrate hexahydrate) and C6H12N4 (HMTA) as precursors solution, and using ammonia solution to controlling the pH levels. It enable easily obtained arrayed ZnO nanorods on substrate, and nanowires which grown on nanorod arrays were identified after about 1 month in the air. The growth process of nanorods and the formation mechanism of nanowires were investigated.
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Authors: Xue Ming Lü, Xiao Ping Zou, Jin Cheng, Gong Qing Teng, Xiang Min Meng, Zhe Sun, Gang Qiang Yang, Cui Liu Wei, Hong Ying Feng, Yuan Yang
Abstract: As a kind of semiconducting and promising material, ZnO has been extensively used in dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). Quantum dot sensitized solar cells (QDSSCs) has more potential to increase the efficiency of solar cells compared with DSSCs. Here we developed a simple and effective way to fabricate ZnO porous plate films by electrochemical deposition and anneal in air on ITO-coated glass substrates. CdS quantum dots were attached to the surface of the porous plate films by chemical bath deposition technique. Quantum dot-sensitized ZnO porous plate films solar cells exhibited short-circuit current ranging from 0.22-0.57mA/cm2 and open-circuit voltage of 0.42 -0.57V when illuminated with 100 mW/cm2 simulated AM 1.5 G irradiation.
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Authors: Xue Ming Lü, Xiao Ping Zou, Jin Cheng, Peng Fei Ren, Xiang Min Meng, Gang Qiang Yang, Cui Liu Wei, Zhe Sun
Abstract: In this paper, we developed a simple and effective method to fabricate lead oxide plate films by electrochemical deposition. The electrolyte was lead nitrate aqueous solution with or without Cl- ions. Stainless steel plate was employed as both cathode and substrate, and a graphite plate as anode. We found the optimal current density of synthesizing lead oxide plate films is 10-25mA/cm2 when there were no Cl- ions in the electrolyte. If equal Cl- ions were added in lead nitrate aqueous solution, the optimal current density of synthesizing lead oxide plate films is less than 10mA/cm2. The as-prepared lead oxide plate films have orthorhombic crystals structure.
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