Papers by Author: Y.D. Gu

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Authors: J.J. Chen, Jian She Li, Y.D. Gu
Abstract: With the increase of the difficulty and intensity on competitive movement, the rate of sport injury will happen in training and competing frequently. The metatarsal is one of the most prone to injury part in the human body. The incidence of metatarsal injuries is rising in recently years. In this study, Pedar-X plantar pressure measure system and Novel emed pressure distribution measure plate were used in order to get the dynamics data in normal landing and inverted landing. The research concluded that: metatarsal peak stress had been transferred from the first metatarsal to the fifth metatarsal with increasing of varus angle. When the foot was in inverted state, stress distribution of metatarsal changed significantly. Lateral metatarsal played a major role in supporting function. Also, forefoot pressure distribution changed a lot in different functional sports shoes. The purpose is to provide the reliable correlative theoretical basis for improving sport equipments and security protection recommendations for people to engage in sports.
Authors: Y.D. Gu, M Rong, Z.Y Li, M.J Lake, G.Q Ruan
Abstract: The deep transverse metatarsal ligaments (DTML) play an important role in stabilizing the metatarsal bones and manipulating foot transverse arch deformation. However, the biomechanical research about DTML in the foot maneuver is quite few. Due to the difficulties and lack of better measurement technology for these ligaments experimental monitor, the load transfer mechanism and internal stress state also hadn’t been well addressed. The purpose of this study was to develop a detailing foot finite element model including DTML tissues, to investigate the mechanical response of DTML during the landing condition. The DTML was considered as hyperelastic material model was used to represent the nonlinear and nearly incompressible nature of the ligament tissue. From the simulation results, it is clearly to find that the peak maiximal principal stress of DTML was between the third and fourth metatarsals. Meanwhile, it seems the DTML in the middle position experienced higher tension than the sides DTML.
Authors: Xiao Xiang Su, Y.D. Gu, Guo Qing Ruan, Xue Jun Ren
Abstract: This study analyzed the plantar pressure distribution character as the foot position between normal to inversion. Eight healthy male volunteers have participated in the test with the foot position from normal to 20 inversion angles which controlled by wedges. The results of this test showed that the centre of the pressure was clearly transferred from centre to lateral side when the foot position was changed from normal to inversion. In addition, the contact area varied largely between the normal and inversion condition, but changed a little between two inversion loading situations. The finding of this study suggests that the foot injuries could attributed to more of inappropriate foot positioning than the magnitude of loading force.
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