Papers by Author: Ying Jie Qiao

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Authors: Qing Fen Li, Chun Hui Li, Ying Jie Qiao
Abstract: The microbiological influenced corrosion (MIC) behavior of a marine pipeline Cu-Ni alloy in the sterile seawater and sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB) solution was investigated. Results show that severe pitting corrosion appeared on the specimens in the SRB solution. The corrosion potential of specimen in the SRB solution was much lower than that in the sterile seawater and the polarization resistance of specimen in the SRB solution decreased quickly after a period immersion and became much lower than that in the sterile seawater. Besides, the results of EDS and XRD show that the content of element Ni and Fe of the Cu-Ni alloy decreased greatly and the high content of element S appeared after 30 days immersion in the SRB solution. It was concluded that the SRB accelerated the corrosion process of the Cu-Ni alloy greatly. The MIC mechanism of the alloy in marine environment is discussed.
Authors: Guang Ping Zou, Zhong Liang Chang, Ying Jie Qiao
Abstract: Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are good reinforcement of composite materials, through add appropriate amount of carbon nanotubes to MoSi2 can be improve the strength and toughness of MoSi2. In this paper, the material of CNTs/MoSi2 was made through vacuum hot pressing technology. And the split hopkison press bar (SHPB) technology was used for testing the dynamic mechanical properties of CNTs/MoSi2 composite material which has different proportion of CNTs. In the SHPB experiment, in order to get better waveforms, the waveform shaping technology was used for improving the waveform quality, and also the strain gauge technology was used for testing the real strain of the specimen in the dynamic loading process. Through calculating, the dynamic stress-strain curves which under different high strain rate are given. At the same time, the strength, deformation and other test results are analyzed, and also compared them with the static compression experiment results of the CNTs/MoSi2 specimen which is tested by the electronic universal testing machine, and then obtained the dynamic performance of CNTs/MoSi2 composite material.
Authors: Ying Jie Qiao, He Xin Zhang, Xiao Hong Zhang, Chang Qing Hong
Abstract: The recrystallized carbon-ceramic composites were prepared from calcined coke, coal-tar pitch and Cr by hot-press to investigate the effects of Cr on the physical properties, mechanical properties and microstructure of recrystallized graphite. Experimental results showed that Cr doped recrystallized graphites exhibited higher bending strength and compressive strength and lower electrical resistivity when the Cr content is10wt% compared with pure graphite. Microstructural analyses revealed that the degree of graphitization of recrystallized graphite increased and the layers spacing of microcrystalline decreased with increasing the Cr concentration. XRD analysis indicated that Cr added to the carbon substrate was in the form of C, Cr2C3 and Cr2O3. The catalytic mechanism of Cr dopant to accelerate the graphitization of carbon substrates can be explained by the mechanism of decomposition of the carbide.
Authors: Dong Yan Tang, Xiao Hong Zhang, Ying Jie Qiao, Y. Li
Abstract: The oriented La modified PZT thin films were prepared on Pt/Ti/SiO2/Si substrate by the LB technique. The pre-sintering temperatures and the annealing temperatures for La modified PZT were determined by TG-DTA curves and XRD detect results. XRD detection of PZT and PZT with different La amount illustrated the crystal constructions and the effects by modification. The AFM observation of PLZT thin films with organic acid indicated that the LB technique could obtain smooth and flat film with the deposition of PLZT particles within nanometers on substrate. The detection results of the electrical properties indicated that the modification of La had great influence on the electric properties of LB thin film. PLZT thin film by annealing at 650°C had better dielectric constant of 569.2 and dielectric loss of 0.4915 at 5 kHz. And the amount of La of 2% in mass gave the piezoelectric constant of 14pC/N.
Authors: Xin Fang Cui, Shuang Quan Fang, Ying Jie Qiao, Qi Jia
Abstract: Ti5Si3 matrix composites reinforced by carbon nanotubes were fabricated by vacuum hot pressing sintering. X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microcopy were carried out to analyze the phase and microstructure of the composites. The effects of carbon nanotubes on mechanical properties were investigated. Experimental results showed that the nanotubes partly reacted with Ti and Si powders to obtain Ti5Si3 and Ti3SiC2, TiSi2 when the sintering temperature is about 1380oC. The mechanical properties of composites can be affected by carbon nanotubes. Meanwhile, the maximal increments of Vickers hardness, bending strength and fracture toughness of the composites, compared with the Ti5Si3 matrix, were 62.9%, 160.9% and 159.3%, respectively. Both of transgranular and intergranular fracture in the composites were the main fracture mode. The fracture manners of composites mainly include “bridging” of CNTs, “deflection” of minor phases and the evolution of grain.
Authors: Qiu Yi Li, Zu Wei Song, Ru Zhao, Wei Hua Xue, Ying Jie Qiao
Abstract: β-SiC nanometer whiskers were prepared in a double heating furnace that is composed of the interior and exterior heating systems. The SiO2 nanometer powder and char pyrolyzed from phenol formaldehyde resin were used as starting materials. The effects of sintering temperature and holding time on β-SiC nanometer whiskers were investigated and the synthetic mechanism was studied. It was revealed that the β-SiC nanometer whiskers, with the diameter of 50-80nm and the aspect ratio of 50-300, can be prepared at 1300°C for 60 min. The purity of the β-SiC nanometer whiskers is about 99%.
Authors: Ai Dong Liu, Ying Jie Qiao, Ying Ying Liu
Abstract: Pressureless sintering to obtain high density boron carbide-titanium diboride composites by in-situ reaction was studied. Pressureless sintering behavior of this material was investigated between 1800-2150 .The effects of composition, sintering temperature and tine were examined. Density up to 98.5% T.D. was reached at 2150. Maximum values of flexural strength (502 MPa), hardness (33 Gpa) and fracture toughnes (4.6 MPa·m1/2) were observed in the specimens containing 15 vol.% TiB2.
Authors: Ying Jie Qiao, Shuang Quan Fang, Xiao Hong Zhang, Le Ping Song
Abstract: MoSi2 composites reinforced by carbon nanotubes were prepared by spark-discharge plasma sintering (SPS), and the dispersion of carbon nanotubes in the MoSi2 was also discussed in this work. The mechanical properties of MoSi2 reinforced by carbon nanotubes were measured. Investigation indicated that the carbon nanotubes can be well dispersed by introducing the dispersant C12H25SO3Na and the mechanical properties of the composites improved significantly. The mechanism that the composites were reinforced and toughened were discussed in this work.
Authors: Ying Jie Qiao, Hong Bo Fu, Chun Kai Li
Abstract: In this paper, the diffusion coefficient of vacancy-solute complex and diffusion coefficient of solute atoms, P, in non-equilibrium grain-boundary segregation under low tensile stress in steel 12Cr1MoV are calculated based on the model developed by Xu. Both the simulation and experimental kinetics curves are achieved. Results show that the calculated result with the kinetic equations perfectly fits with the experimental observations for phosphorus in steel 12Cr1MoV under low tensile stress. In the segregation process, the rate of phosphorus segregation is high due to a large diffusivity of the complex. In the de-segregation process, the level of phosphorus segregation decreases with increasing stress aging time. But the rate of phosphorus desegregation from grain boundaries to centre is slower compared with that in segregation for the diffusion coefficient of phosphorus atoms is far lower than the complexes.
Authors: Hong Zhao, Shi Wei Yang, Ying Jie Qiao, Xing Hong Zhang
Abstract: The highly dense TiC/Fe ceramic coating was fabricated on Q235 steel surface by self- propagating high-temperature synthesis combined with pseudo hot iso-static pressing. The wear-resistant properties were examined by means of ball-on-disk contact wear test. The microstructure of TiC/Fe cermets coating was investigated. The results show that TiC/Fe cermets coating has an excellent wear-resistant property. There is little mass loss after 1200s under 30N loading under the condition of dry sliding wear testing. The major wear mechanisms are described by the following stages: sticking friction, grain abrasion and stripping of hard phase.
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