Papers by Author: Yoon Suk Chang

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Authors: Yoon Suk Chang, Hyun Su Kim, Tae Eun Jin
Authors: Young Jae Park, Yoon Suk Chang, Jae Boong Choi, Young Jin Kim
Abstract: Class 1 piping components of a certain old vintage nuclear power plant were designed by ANSI B31.1 code without a detailed fatigue evaluation such as the one required by recent ASME Section III code. These components may undergo fatigue damage when considering the continued operation beyond the design life whilst the inherent fatigue resistances of those may satisfy the corresponding implicit limits. In this paper, the alternative fatigue evaluation has been carried out explicitly for Class 1 piping of old nuclear power plant. At first, four representative nuclear piping systems were selected to check the operational adequacy. After characterization of conservative loading conditions based on design features, a series of finite element analyses have been performed and the cumulative usage factors were calculated to guarantee if the components at each system sustain adequate fatigue resistance. Finally, comparisons were drawn between the implicit fatigue design specifications and alternative explicit fatigue analysis results. Even though there were some exceptions, it was demonstrated that most components satisfied the current explicit fatigue criterion.
Authors: Young Jae Park, H.K. Kim, Yoon Suk Chang, Jae Boong Choi, Young Jin Kim
Abstract: A seamless analysis of complex geometry is one of greatly interesting topic. However, there are still gaps between the industrial applications and fundamental academic studies owing to time consuming modeling process. To resolve this problem, an auto mesh generation program based on grid-based approach has been developed for IT-product in the present study. At first, base mesh and skin mesh are generated using the information of entities which extracted from IGES file. Secondly the provisional core mesh with rugged boundary geometry is constructed by superimposing the skin mesh as well as the base mesh generated from the CAD model. Finally, the positions of boundary nodes are adjusted to make a qualified mesh by adapting node modification and smoothing techniques. Also, for the sake of verification of mesh quality, the hexahedral auto mesh constructed by the program is compared with the corresponding tetrahedral free mesh and hexahedral mapped mesh through static finite element analyses. Thereby, it is anticipated that the grid-based approach can be used as a promising pre-processor for integrity evaluation of various IT-products.
Authors: Young Jae Park, Byung Sun Kim, Han Ok Ko, Yoon Suk Chang, Jae Boong Choi, Young Jin Kim, Joon Seong Lee, C.S. Kim
Abstract: A seamless analysis of IT-related products, such as cellular phone, LCD monitor and note PC etc., which are thin and complex geometry is one of great concerns in product design. However, there is a considerable amount of gap between the industrial application and fundamental academic studies due to a time consuming detailed mesh generation. In order to settle the bottleneck, an auto mesh generation program based on a modified grid-based approach is proposed in this paper. At first, base mesh and skin mesh were generated using informations on entities which extracted from an IGES (Initial Graphics Exchange Specification) file. Secondly, a provisional core mesh with a rough boundary geometry was constructed by superimposing the skin mesh into the base mesh generated from CAD model. And then, positions of boundary nodes were redistributed to delineate exact geometry of the provisional mesh. Finally, good qualified meshes were constructed by moving the positions of the nodes and splitting elements along boundary edges. In conclusion, it is anticipated that the developed program can be used as a promising pre-processor for static or dynamic analysis of various IT-related products.
Authors: Yoon Suk Chang, T.R. Lee, Jae Boong Choi, Young Jin Kim
Abstract: The influences of stress triaxiality on ductile fracture have been emphasized to explain the geometry independent fracture resistance characteristics of specimens and structures during past two decades. For the estimation of this material behavior, two-parameter global approach and local approach can be used as case by case manner. Recently, the interests for the local approach and micro-mechanical damage model are increased again due to progress of computational environments. In this paper, the applicability of the local approach has been assessed through a series of finite element analyses incorporating both modified GTN model and Rousselier model. The ductile crack growth behaviors are examined to guarantee the transferability on different sizes and geometries of C(T) specimens and SE(T) specimens. The material fitting constants are determined from calibration of tensile tests and numerical analyses results, and used to simulate the fracture behaviors of typical specimens. Then, a comparison is drawn between the numerically estimated crack resistance curves and experimentally determined ones. The comparison results show a good agreement and the two damage models are regarded as promising solutions for ductile crack growth simulation.
Authors: Yoon Suk Chang, Jong Min Kim, Chang Sung Seok, Jae Boong Choi, Young Jin Kim
Abstract: The present work deals with an applicability of the local approach to assess in-plane size effects among different sized compact tension (CT) specimens. To characterize ductile crack growth of typical nuclear materials, SA515 Gr.60 and SA516 Gr.70 carbon steels, finite element analyses employing modified GTN and Rousselier models as well as fracture toughness tests were carried out. Material damage parameters were calibrated using standard CT specimens and reflected to predict fracture resistance (J-R) curves of larger CT specimens. Since comparison results between numerically estimated J-R curves and experimentally determined ones corresponded well, it is anticipated that the local approach might be used as a promising tool for ductile fracture evaluation incorporating the in-plane size effect.
Authors: Yoon Suk Chang, Seong In Moon, Young Jin Kim, Jin Ho Lee, Myung Ho Song, Young Hwan Choi
Abstract: In this paper, conservatisms of current plugging criteria on steam generator tubes are reviewed and six new failure prediction models for dual through-wall cracks are proposed. In order to determine the optimum ones among these local or global failure prediction models, a series of plastic collapse tests and corresponding finite element analyses are carried out with respect to two adjacent axial through-wall cracks in thin plates. Then, reaction force model, plastic zone contact model and COD (Crack Opening Displacement) base model were selected as the optimum ones for integrity assessment of steam generator tubes with dual cracks.
Authors: Yoon Suk Chang, Young Jin Kim, Seong Sik Hwang, Joung Soo Kim
Abstract: During the past couple of decades, several limit load solutions have been proposed to resolve steam generator (SG) tube integrity issue. However, for estimation of specific load carrying capacity under different conditions, these solutions have to be modified by using lots of experimental data. The objective of this paper is to introduce a new burst pressure estimation scheme based on fracture mechanics analyses for SG tubes with a crack. In this context, closed-form equations were derived to get relevant parameters from three dimensional elastic-plastic finite element analyses and, then, a series of structural integrity analyses were carried out using the predicted J-integrals from the equations. Finally, in comparison with the experimental data as well as corresponding estimation results from conventional limit load solutions, it was proven that the proposed estimation scheme can be used as an efficient tool for integrity evaluation of cracked SG tubes.
Authors: Yoon Suk Chang, T.R. Lee, Jae Boong Choi, Young Jin Kim, Bong Sang Lee
Abstract: The scatter of measured fracture toughness data and transferability problems for specimens with different crack configurations and loading conditions are major obstacles for integrity assessment of ferritic steels in ductile-brittle transition region. To address these issues, recently, concerns for local approach adopting micro-mechanical damage models are being increased again in connection with a progress of computational technology. In this paper, cleavage fracture evaluation based on Weibull statistics was carried out for SA508 carbon steel. A series of three dimensional finite element analyses as well as corresponding fracture toughness tests were performed for 1T-CT and PCVN specimens at -60°C. Also, failure probability analyses for different configurations and sensitivity analyses for Weibull parameters were conducted. Thereby, promising results have been derived through comparison between measured and estimated fracture toughness data, which can be utilized to make the basis for demonstrating real safety margins of components containing defect.
Authors: Jong Choon Kim, Sung Wook Jung, Jae Boong Choi, Yoon Suk Chang, Young Jin Kim, In-Ju Hwang
Abstract: The heavy load carrying facility, such as ladle crane, is operating under severe working environment. It usually carries melted iron to the furnace, and thus, the accident due to crane failure may cause detrimental damage to the entire steel making factory. While the ladle crane is designed for 20 years of safe operation in a steel making company, several critical cracks due to fatigue loading have been reported during the maintenance process. In order to prevent fatal failure due to crack growth, ladle crane has been periodically inspected and maintained. However, the inspection and maintenance including repair and replacement cause the whole manufacturing line to stop, it is critical to set the appropriate inspection interval and replacement criteria. For this reason, the importance of plant maintenance (PM) has been highly raised to provide efficient plant operation. Recently, a number of engineering methodologies, such as fitness for service guidelines (FFS) and plant lifecycle management (PLM) system, have been applied to improve the plant operation efficiency. Also, a network-based business operation system, which is called ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning), has been introduced in the field of plant maintenance. However, there hasn’t been any attempt to connect engineering methodologies to the ERP PM(Plant Maintenance) system. In this paper, an engineering methodology which provides life time evaluation under fatigue loading has been implemented to the web-based ERP PM system along with real-time fatigue monitoring system. In order to monitor the real time loading, a web-based fatigue monitoring system for ladle crane has been developed and installed inside the ladle crane. For the estimation of fatigue life, 3-dimensional finite element (FE) analyses were conducted for actual transients. Finally, the fatigue life time estimation program is developed by integrating FE analysis results and real-time monitoring data. For the direct calculation of remained fatigue life, an artificial neural network (ANN) algorithm has been applied. The proposed system is expected to play a great role in determining appropriate inspection and maintenance schedule which has become critical issue for the efficient plant maintenance.
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