Papers by Author: Yoshimi Sonoda

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Authors: Yoichi Yuki, Hiroki Tamai, Naoki Wada, Yoshimi Sonoda, Toshihiro Kasugai
Abstract: This paper presents a novel pin-fixed aseismatic connector for bridges. A feature of this device is that the anchorage areas of both ends are connected with hinges; thus, there are no restrictions with respect to their mounting angles. Additionally, the PC cable of this device is given an appropriate amount of sag; thus, within the range of the sag the structure is capable of absorbing the amount of displacement because of temperature changes and live loads. In addition, this device has a certain shock-cushioning effect because of the rubber material surrounding the hinge pins. However, there is no quantitative evaluation method on the shock-cushioning effect of this device. Therefore, in this study, the shock-cushioning effect of the novel pin-fixed aseismatic connector for bridges is investigated using impact load tests and numerical analysis. It is found that the shock-cushioning effect of this device is almost equal to similar aseismatic connectors. Furthermore, it is also confirmed that their effects can be quantitatively evaluated using impact response analysis.
Authors: Yoshimi Sonoda
Abstract: The strength of an anchor bolt in concrete structure under pull-out load is usually designed by three possible failure modes such as fracture of anchor bolt, cone failure of concrete and bond failure between anchor bolt and concrete. In general, the design load is considered the smallest load corresponding to the aforementioned failure mechanisms. However, unexpected failure often occurs in the anchorage zone due to the complex failure or the change of failure condition. Therefore, it is important to develop the accurate analysis method of ultimate load bearing capacity of the anchor bolt. In this study, we conducted an analytical study using Adaptive Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics (ASPH) in order to simulate the failure process of anchorage zone and discussed the effect of embedment depth of anchor bolts on their ultimate strength.
Authors: Yoshimi Sonoda, Shoichirou Tokumaru, Jin Fukazawa
Abstract: This paper proposes an analysis algorithm that can appropriately distinguish shear failure from bending failure of an RC beam under impact load, by using the SPH method. As structural members, beams generally fail by one of two modes: bending failure caused by excessive bending deformation of the member, and shear failure caused by shear crack growth, leading to rapid destruction at an angle in the web. In this study, to calculate the failure behavior accurately in the local stress field in which shear stress prevails such as when a shear crack occurs, an orthotropic constitutive equation is used. This equation is derived by applying the integrity tensor proposed by Ignacio Carol, Egidio Rizzi and Kasper William, to the usual SPH method. This operation is also extended to the tensile softening characteristic of concrete material. The results confirm that the failure behavior of RC beams under a wide range of conditions can be analyzed accurately by using the proposed algorithm.
Authors: Satoru Munemoto, Yoshimi Sonoda
Abstract: In this paper, we conducted static push-out simulations of perfobond shear connectors (PBL) using SPH (Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics), and validated their static strength and failure mechanism. In order to express hydrostatic pressure dependency of concrete in the analysis, The Drucker-Prager criteria with plane cap model and damage concept caused by compression fracture were applied. Appropriateness of constitutive model for concrete was confirmed on their static behaviors comparing with triaxial compression tests. Secondly, dynamic push-out test simulations were conducted using this model. The influence of input load velocity on strength and failure mechanism of perfobond shear connectors was examined.
Authors: Seong Bong Cheon, Masuhiro Beppu, Yoshimi Sonoda, Masaharu Itoh
Abstract: This study presents the local damage of ultra high strength fiber reinforced concrete plates. Impact test of the reinforced concrete plates using two different short fibers are conducted to examine the failure behavior and impact resistant performance. Material models are discussed and proposed by simulating the high speed tri-compressive and uni-tensile tests. Numerical simulations of the impact tests are carried out. Numerical results show good agreements with the test results.
Authors: Yoshimi Sonoda, Yoshihiro Hata, Kazuki Fukunaga
Abstract: In Japan, there are many steep mountainous areas and we have local severe rain in the season, thus rock-fall accidents occur in mountain regions year after year. In order to protect an arterial road and the urban areas from the rock-fall accidents, various protective structures had been already constructed. However most of them are made of reinforced concrete and they require huge construction cost. Hence a new economical protective structure has been expected for a long time. From these needs, several high-energy absorption rock-fall nets have been developed. Some of them have specialized shock absorbing device or specialized column which has plastic rotation capacity. On the one hand, wire frame structure (called the wire ring net system) that is composed of interconnected many wire rings of about 30 cm in diameter are predominant in Europe. Because these structures can absorb large kinetic energy of a falling rock due to their deformation capacity, they are introduced from Europe as the highly-effective structures. The wire ring net system is composed of many parts (wire ring, wire rope, supporting post, etc), and it does not require large bases due to its light weight. However, there is no analysis method that can calculate their impact response (dynamic behaviour and energy absorbing capacity), and it has been only confirmed by the full-scale falling weight tests. Although, there are several cases that evaluate the performance by same tests in Japan, the test condition is limited by restriction of test station and its cost. Therefore, this study aims at simulating the impact response of wire ring net system by using the concept of particle method. The following conclusions are obtained from this study. 1) The proposed method can simulate the impact response of the wire ring net system. 2) Fracture of the wire ring net is predicted applying critical strain limit for the material.
Authors: Hiroki Tamai, Yoshimi Sonoda
Abstract: We have tried to develop the simple FE analysis method based on continuum damage mechanics to quantitatively evaluate the impact behaviour and the cumulative damage of RC beam under repeated impact loading. As a result, it has been found that the cumulative damage and residual displacement of RC beam under repeated impact load can be properly evaluated, but the crack propagation cannot be evaluated by using the proposed method. This paper presents the following matters: (1) Numerical investigation on the impact behaviour and cumulative damage of RC beam under repeated impact loading by using the proposed method. (2) Numerical investigation of the relationship between cumulative kinetic energy of repeated impact loading and cumulative damage of RC members. (3) Investigation on improved points of our existing proposed method to evaluate the crack path of RC member under repeated impact.
Authors: Yoshimi Sonoda
Abstract: There are many civil engineering structures that have different systems and required functions. Their design methods do not have consistent design concepts. Thus, it has been pointed out the necessity of universal concepts on assumed external actions and risk for various structures and on the required level of safety. In order to meet those demands, a research committee as part of Japan Society of Civil Engineers summarizing the basic concepts of impact resistance design. This paper introduces several design methods of structures subjected to impact loads, and presents the current status and remaining issues of establishing new performance-based design methods.
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