Papers by Author: Yoshiyuki Yokogawa

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Authors: Yin Zhang, Yoshiyuki Yokogawa, Tetsuya Kameyama
Abstract: There is a clinical need for synthetic scaffolds that will promote bone regeneration. Important factors include obtaining an optimal porosity and size of interconnecting macropores whilst maintaining scaffold mechanical strength, enabling complete penetration of cells and nutrients throughout the scaffold, preventing the formation of necrotic tissue in the centre of the scaffold. To address this we investigated flexural strength of bimodal porous apatite ceramics prepared using apatite slurry and its slurry synthesis was studied. Slips with different contents of HAp (K-HAp and T-HAp) and deflocculant were prepared by milling in a pot mill. The viscosity of slurries made of commercial T-HAp powder showed a drop after 3 hours’ milling, but the viscosity of slurry with high solid content of k-HAp and 2.0 wt% deflocculant increased with an increase of milling time after 2 hours’ milling. The porosity and flexural strength of the porous HAp prepared by heating the foam dipped in K-HAp slip with 2.0 wt% of deflocculant and 0.5wt% of foaming regent heated at 1200°C were 62.4 % and 14.7 MPa, and those in T-HAp were 59.7 % and 15.2 MPa with 1.5 wt% of deflocculant and 0.5wt% of foaming regent heated at 1200°C.
Authors: Yoshiyuki Yokogawa, Yoshikazu Shiotsu, Fukue Nagata, Makoto Watanabe
Authors: Takashi Kizuki, Masataka Ohgaki, Kimihiro Yamashita, Yoshiyuki Yokogawa
Abstract: Autograft, allograft, and biomaterials had been developed for bone regeneration. In recent year, a tissue engineering technique has been paid much attention for next generation implant. A problem of bone tissue engineering to be solved is a development of the substrate that is suitable for cell adhesion, proliferation, and differentiation. A biomimic scaffold for tissue culture was proposed, and then a cell response on the scaffold was estimated. The scaffold composed by a calcium deficient apatite with an adsorbed serum protein was formed on a ceramic hydroxyapatite (HAp) and surface-modified titanium by a soaking in cell-culture medium supplemented with fetal bovine serum. Excellent results on cell proliferation and cell adhesion were obtained only on osteoblast-like cells (MC3T3-E1). An actin filament in narrow filopodium of the spindle-shaped MC3T3-E1 cells on the ceramic HAp had a regular course. On the other hand, ends of the actin filament of the widely spread cells on the apatite layer with serum protein were scattering. It was suggested that the scattering of the actin end showed an existence of fibronectin, and then tight adhesion would be obtained by the many focal adhesion. Accordingly, the effectiveness of the biomimic scaffold containing serum protein on cell growth was confirmed.
Authors: Takao Saito, Hikoshiro Hayashi, K. Uoe, Takashi Kizuki, Kay Teraoka, Katsuya Kato, Yoshiyuki Yokogawa
Abstract: Our experiments of mouse osteoblast-like MC3T3-E1 cells cultured on a glass substrate showed that as surface roughness of a substrate increased, cell proliferation, cell differentiation and subsequent mineralization were reduced.
Authors: Y. Zhang, Yoshiyuki Yokogawa, Tetsuya Kameyama
Abstract: Biphasic calcium phosphate (BCP) ceramics, a mixture of hydroxyapatite (HAp) and beta-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP), of varying HAp/β-TCP ratios were prepared from fine powders. Porous BCP ceramic materials with HAp/β-TCP weight rations of 20/80, 40/60, and 80/20 were prepared. In this study, the bioactivity is reduced at a larger HAp content rate, which is likely related to the high driving pore for the formation of a new phase, and the reaction rate was proportional to the β-TCP. The porous BCP ceramics having a bigger porosity rate can easily under up dissolution. The powder having a larger β-TCP content rate can easily generate a new phase. The dissolution results confirmed that the biodegradation of calcium phosphate ceramics could be controlled by simply adjusting the amount of HAp or β-TCP in the ceramics and porosity rate.
Authors: Yin Zhang, Yoshiyuki Yokogawa, Tetsuya Kameyama
Abstract: Two kinds of tri-calcium phosphate ceramics, β-TCP, which have the same macrostructure and microstructure, but different special surface area and particle size, were used in porous ceramics. A slip was obtained by adding the powders to a solution 1.0 wt% of deflocculant, respectively. The specimen obtained by casting a polyurethane foam with 0.5wt% into a slip, and drying it under vacuum, was heated at 1150, for 3 hours. The porous ceramics samples about 0.5g were individually soaked into 30 mL of phosphate buffer saline (PBS) at 20 for 1,3,7 and 10 days, respectively. The calcium content of the PBS solution was analyzed by (ICP). The porous bodies were filtered, dried, and characterized using SEM, XPD, and FT-IR.
Authors: Yoshiyuki Yokogawa, H.K. Varma, K. Sreenivasan
Authors: Yoshiyuki Yokogawa, Kaori Nishizawa, Fukue Nagata, Atsushi Hozumi, Kay Teraoka, Masahiko Inagaki, Tetsuya Kameyama
Authors: Kay Teraoka, Yoshiyuki Yokogawa, Tetsuya Kameyama
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