Papers by Author: Zakaria Azmi

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Authors: Nuraine Mariana Mohd Shahrani, Raba’ah Syahidah Azis, Mansor Hashim, Jumiah Hassan, Zakaria Azmi, Noruzaman Daud
Abstract: This work will focus on the preparation of yttrium iron garnet (Y3Fe5O12, YIG) via mechanical alloying technique derive by steel waste product. The Fe2O3 powder derived from the steel waste purified by using magnetic and non-magnetic particles (MNM) and Curie temperature separation (CTS) technique. The purified powder was then oxidized in air at 500 °C for 9 hours in air. The Fe2O3 was mixed with Y2O3 using high energy ball milling for 9 hours. The mixed powder obtained was pressed and sintered at different temperature 500/600/700/800/900/1000/1100 °C. X-ray diffraction (XRD) shows the YIG is completely form at 1100 °C. The field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) images shows the grain size increases as increase the sintering temperatures. The frequency dependence on the complex permeability, µ’ and magnetic loss, µ’’ in the frequency range 10 MHz to 1 GHz were measured in this study. The results showed that the highest μ΄ is 5.890 obtained from 1100 °C.
Authors: Laoding Hasnimulyati, Mohamed Kamari Halimah, Zakaria Azmi, Abdul Halim Shaari, Mansor Ishak
Abstract: Effects of gamma radiation on the elastic properties of {[(TeO2)0.7(B2O3)0.3]0.7[ZnO]0.3}0.99{Tm2O3}0.01 (thulium doped zinc borotellurite glass) were investigated. Glass samples were prepared using the melt-quenching technique. Density and ultrasonic velocity of glasses before and after irradiation process were measured using Electronic Densimeter MD-300S and Ritec Ram-5000 Snap System, respectively. Next, elastic moduli and Poisson’s ratio of the glasses were calculated. Atomic ring size of the glass network was also calculated to support the attained results. Results show that density varied after radiation and maximised at 20 kGy. This is attributed to the breaking and rearrangement of chemical bonding in the glass network due to radiation. Furthermore, all elastic parameters exhibited an increasing trend that indicated the strengthening of the glass samples as well as increment of its rigidity. Besides that, atomic ring size was found to decrease as radiation dose increased. This indicate that compaction of glass network took place as the samples were exposed to gamma rays which in turn contributed to the elevation of elastic moduli of the prepared glass.
Authors: Laoding Hasnimulyati, Mohamed Kamari Halimah, Zakaria Azmi, Abdul Halim Shaari, Mansor Ishak
Abstract: A series of Tm-doped zinc borotellurite glass have been extracted by conventional melt-quenching method. The density was measured and it had been found that the value is increased by the increment of Tm3+ ion. The elastic properties of the sample were determined by measuring longitudinal and shear velocities using an ultrasound technique. Then the values inserted into equations that calculate the elastic moduli of the glass samples. These include longitudinal, shear, bulk, Young’s modulus and also the Poisson’s ratio. The longitudinal and shear velocities show an increment as Tm3+ increases from 0.01 to 0.03 mol content. The trend then changes as Tm3+ increases from 0.03 to 0.05 mol content. In terms of elastic moduli, it produces a rapid increment with Tm3+ until 0.03 mol content. But after that, the increment becomes slow until 0.05 mol of Tm3+. The value of Poisson’s ratio decreases with the addition of Tm3+ concentration.
Authors: Raba’ah Syahidah Azis, Mansor Hashim, Zakaria Azmi, Jumiah Hassan, Noruzaman Daud, Nuraine Mariana Mohd Shahrani, Pua Chong Siang
Abstract: The mechanical alloying technique was used to prepare barium hexaferrite (BaM) with 3, 5, 10 and 20 wt% cobalt oxide (Co3O4). In this work, steel waste flakes were cold-rolling steel mill for several hours to form a fine powder. The steel waste powder was purified by using magnetic separation to isolate the magnetic and non magnetic particles. The method was continued for Curie temperature separation technique to separate the magnetic ions by varied Curie temperature of the magnetic powder. The purified powder was then oxidize at 500 °C at 6 °C/mins to form hematite, Fe2O3. The steel waste-derived hematite was used as the raw material in preparing BaM ferrites. The BaCO3, Fe2O3 and different percentages of Co3O4 (Co) were mixed and milled for several hours by using mechanical alloying. The powder were pelletised in 11 × 1 mm (diameter × height) and the sintered at 1200 °C for 10 hours. The addition of Co2+/3+ ions to the BaM shows a varying in the magnetic properties of BaM. By increasing the Co doping, the remanence Mr was reduced from 17.6 emu/g to 6.2 emu/g. The coercivity Hc results varying magnitude from 102 Oe to 1079 Oe. The Mr and Hc of undoped BaM is obtain at 14.6 emu/g and 860 Oe, respectively. The grain size of BaM also increases with Co doping. The densities of the compounds are decreasing with increasing Co doping with a maximum value of 4.2 g/cm3.
Authors: Nor Hasanah Isa, Zakaria Azmi, Raba’ah Syahidah Azis, Zahid Rizwan
Abstract: The effect of Gd2O3 substitution on the microstructural and electrical properties of Zn-V-Mn-Nb-O varistor ceramics sintered at 900°C was investigated. XRD, SEM, and EDAX results show that the GdMnO3 and GdVO4 phases formed at the grain boundaries and triple point junctions. Gd2O3 substitution inhibited the grain growth from 3.85 to 3.06 μm and increased the sintered ceramics density from 5.12 to 5.19 g/cm3. The samples containing the amount of 0.03 mol% Gd2O3 exhibit an optimum nonlinear coefficient α value which is 9.91, highest breakdown electrical field which is 88.48 V/mm and lowest leakage current density which is 0.11 mA/cm2 in low voltage application.
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