Papers by Author: Aitzol Lamikiz

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Authors: Francisco Javier Campa, Luis Norberto López de Lacalle, Aitzol Lamikiz
Abstract: Ever increasingly, universities have to face the demands of their students regarding tools and methods to complete their education in preparation for the industrial environment. On the other hand, the university has to meet a Research and Development function oriented to the improvement of the competitiveness of that environment. These are two different functions that the university must unite to offer an optimum service. Hence, the university needs tools that can meet this dual function: teaching and researching. This paper proposes the concept of a “Glass Machine” as a dual purpose approach based on the adaptation of machine tools to satisfy that dual function. This concept has been applied to a machine tool by means of two machines: a turn-milling centre and a feed-drive test bench, which have been used for practices in the subjects of 4th and 5th year of Industrial Engineering, allowing at the same time the usual research activity of the High Performance Machining Team. In short, this work is about the optimization of the available resources of the university, thus satisfying the needs of the students and the industrial environment.
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Authors: Jose Antonio Sánchez, Luis Norberto López de Lacalle, N. Ortega, Aitzol Lamikiz, Soraya Plaza
Abstract: The paradigm the new European Higher Education Area places us in together with the teaching/learning guidelines and models demands the teacher adapt his/her function considering new methods which locate the students in the centre of this process. In this context the experience of the subject ‘Advanced forming and moulding techniques’ taught in 5th course of the Industrial Engineering qualification at the Bilbao Engineering Faculty (UPV/EHU), is presented. This subject must be taken by students opting for intensification in Mechanical Manufacturing. The subject is taught over tour months with 30 students per group on average, where a methodology based on Scoring Rubrics was set up.
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Authors: Francisco Javier Campa, Luis Norberto López de Lacalle, S. Herranz, Aitzol Lamikiz, A. Rivero
Abstract: In this paper, a 3D dynamic model for the prediction of the stability lobes of high speed milling is presented, considering the combined flexibility of both tool and workpiece. The main aim is to avoid chatter vibrations on the finish milling of aeronautical parts, which include thin walls and thin floors. In this way the use of complex fixtures is eliminated. Hence, an accurate selection of both axial depth of cut and spindle speed can be accomplished. The model has been validated by means of a test device that simulates the behaviour of a thin floor.
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Authors: Luis Norberto López de Lacalle, Adrián Rodríguez, Aitzol Lamikiz, Ainhoa Celaya
Abstract: In this paper the ball burnishing as a finishing process for sculptured surfaces is studied. This technique is a quick, easy and economical process for a significant improvement of high-end parts. Aiming at the burnishing of complex parts, different strategies are possible. In this case two strategies are presented: continuous burnishing (CB) using 5-axis interpolation and patch burnishing (PB) using 3+2 axis interpolation. Two parts have been previously machined in five-axis and then finished using ball burnishing techniques. The first one is an AISI 1045 hemisphere and the second one is a DIN 1.2379 part (64 HRC). Surface quality has been evaluated for both strategies obtaining a significant improvement of surface roughness and hardness.
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Authors: Francisco Javier Campa, Luis Norberto López de Lacalle, Gorka Urbicain, Aitzol Lamikiz, Sébastien Seguy, Lionel Arnaud
Abstract: A common problem in the aeronautical industry is the chatter vibration due to the lack of dynamic stiffness in the milling of thin walls and thin floors. The present work proposes a method for chatter avoidance in the milling of flexible thin floors with a bull nose end mill. It allows the calculation of the thickness previous to finish milling or the minimum dynamic stiffness that the floor must have to avoid the chatter vibration appearance. To obtain these values, the stability model algorithm has been inverted to estimate the thickness or the dynamic stiffness required in a floor to allow a stable milling. This methodology has been validated satisfactorily in several experimental tests.
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Authors: Jose Antonio Sánchez, Luis Norberto López de Lacalle, Aitzol Lamikiz
Abstract: The use of Electrical Discharge Machining (EDM) for the manufacturing of moulds and dies is generally accomplished by using different cutting regimens, from roughing to finishing, until the specified surface finish and dimensional tolerances are met. Multistage planetary EDM can be used to simplify the production process. Benefits such as the reduction of machining time, the need for less electrodes, electrode wear minimization and the improvement of the final surface finish of the component can be obtained. Design of multistage planetary EDM strategies requires a sound knowledge of the optimum radius for each orbit that assures surface roughness and dimensional accuracy together with a minimum machining time. Therefore, it is necessary to know the “exact” value of the gap at each stage. In this paper the influence of different process variables on the design of multistage planetary EDM strategies is analyzed.
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Authors: S. Martínez, Eneko Ukar, I. Tabernero, Aitzol Lamikiz
Abstract: The main disadvantage for industrial application of new processes based on laser surface treatments, such as laser hardening, quenching or precipitation hardening, is the prior experimentation needed to determinate the optimum conditions for processes. The presented work is focused on the development of a tool based on a semi-empirical model to predict accurately the thermal field and thickness of the head affected zone in laser surface treatments in order to avoid the previous experimental setups of this processes. The conventional thermal models are focused on solving the differential equation of temperature field, considering the laser as heat source and thermal properties of each material. However, during the rapid heating treatment processes of metal surfaces are some unknown heat sinks such us metallurgical transformations or a changeable material absortivity that must be taken into account. The model has been adjusted and validated with experimental data for AISI 1045.
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Authors: I. Tabernero, Aitzol Lamikiz, Eneko Ukar, S. Martínez
Abstract: The laser cladding process is based on the generation of a melt-pool in a substrate where a filler material is injected, generating a high quality clad with a minimum heat affected zone. This process is industrially used to generate coatings over wear or damaged surfaces, being an alternative to traditional deposition techniques. One of the most important aspects for its industrial application is to know the clad geometry in order to calculate the deposited layer thickness. This work presents a model in which, starting from the concentration of injected material and the melt-pool geometry, clad height is finally estimated. Both input variables are obtained by two previous validated models. On one hand, the melt pool is estimated by a thermal model based on the finite difference method, and on the other hand, concentration of injected material is provided by a particle concentration CFD model. This data is used in a mass balance over melt-pool area in order to estimate the deposited clad height.
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Authors: N. Ortega, Ainhoa Celaya, Soraya Plaza, Aitzol Lamikiz, Inigo Pombo, Jose Antonio Sánchez
Abstract: The adaptation of universities to the European Higher Education Area (EHEA) plays an essential role in society, creating new knowledge, transferring it to students by means of new and more active methodologies aimed at learning that will enable students to put everything they learn into practice. However, such methodologies are not equally applicable in all subjects. Subjects such as Manufacturing Technology, taught at different levels in both undergraduate and graduate levels, are descriptive to a great extent. This descriptive nature must be supported by new technologies if these subjects claim to be more attractive to students. In this paper some examples of successful case studies are presented. They represent the new way of understanding the teaching replacing the old concept of traditional classroom lecture by more interactive ones and, therefore, more attractive to students.
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Authors: A. Alberdi, A. Rivero, A. Carrascal, Aitzol Lamikiz
Abstract: The Abrasive Water Jet milling process is demonstrated to be an efficient technology for milling low machinability materials. Although its capability is demonstrated, the industrial application of this technology requires a depth control, for which a work focused in process modelling is needed. This research work introduces a model to predict the kerf shape in AWJ slot milling in Aluminium 7075-T651 in terms of four important process parameters: pressure, abrasive mass flow rate, stand-off distance and traverse feed rate. A hybrid evolutionary approach was employed for modelling the profile through two parameters: the maximum cutting depth and the full width at half maximum. Both the maximum depth and the width were also modelled as a function of aforementioned process parameters based on Analysis of Variance and regression techniques. Combination of two models resulted in an adequate strategy to predict the kerf shape for different machining conditions.
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