Papers by Author: Alexander Donchev

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Authors: Alexander Donchev, Michael Schütze
Abstract: The oxidation resistance of TiAl-alloys can be improved by several orders of magnitude by treating the surface of the materials with small amounts of halogens especially Cl and F. The oxidation mechanism changes due to the so called halogen effect. The formation of a fast growing mixed oxide scale on untreated alloys is suppressed, instead a thin protective alumina scale is formed on samples after optimum treatment. The different methods only influence the surface region of the components so that the bulk properties are not affected. Recent results achieved with complex TiAl-samples showed the potential that the fluorine effect could be used for TiAl-components in several high temperature applications e.g. jet engines. TiAl-specimens were treated with fluorine and chlorine in several ways and their performance during high temperature oxidation tests in air was investigated. Results of isothermal and thermocyclic oxidation tests are presented. The long term stability of the fluorine effect lasted for at least one year under thermocyclic exposure at 900°C in laboratory air. The results are discussed in terms of later use of the fluorine effect for technical applications.
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Authors: Alexander Donchev, Michael Schütze
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Authors: Alexander Donchev, Michael Schütze, Andreas Kolitsch, Rossen Yankov
Abstract: High temperature Ti-alloys are usually sophisticated and hence expensive. To allow the use of cheaper alloys at elevated temperatures an economic and easy to apply procedure was developed to improve their high temperature capability. The treatment consists of a combination of Al-enrichment in a shallow surface region plus additional fluorination. The Al-enrichment at elevated temperatures leads to the formation of intermetallic TiAl-phases. These phases improve the oxidation resistance of Ti-alloys but not to a sufficient extent. An additional fluorine treatment of the Al-enriched surface leads to the formation of a protective alumina scale due to the fluorine effect. In this paper results from high temperature exposure tests performed on different Ti-alloys without any treatment and with a combination of Al-treatment plus fluorination are presented. The results are discussed in the view of the use of the optimized Ti-components for several high temperature applications.
109
Authors: Alexander Donchev, M. Galetz, M. Schütze
Abstract: Intermetallic light weight TiAl-alloys are expected to replace the heavy Ni-based super alloys in several high temperature applications. However until now they cannot be used at temperatures above 700°C for longer times due to their insufficient oxidation resistance. The high temperature oxidation behavior can be improved drastically for the use at temperatures up to at least 1050°C by small amounts of fluorine in the surface region of TiAl-components. A thin protective alumina layer is formed after an optimized fluorine treatment during exposure in oxidizing high temperature environments. Results of isothermal and thermocyclic high temperature oxidation tests of untreated and halogen treated TiAl-samples of new types of TiAl-alloys containing Mo, Cu and Si will be presented in this paper. These results will be compared and discussed considering the beneficial effect of fluorine for a later use as e.g. turbine blades in jet engines. Key words: Titanium aluminides, high temperature oxidation, halogen effect,
1117
Authors: Alexander Donchev, Michael Schütze, Andreas Kolitsch, Rossen Yankov
Abstract: The oxidation resistance of TiAl-alloys can be improved drastically by treating the surface of the components with small amounts of fluorine. The oxidation mechanism is changed. Hence, the formation of a fast growing mixed oxide scale on untreated alloys is suppressed. Instead a thin protective alumina scale is formed on samples after fluorine treatment. The different methods only influence the surface region of the components so that the bulk properties are not affected. Recent results achieved with F-containing inorganic compounds showed that the fluorine effect can be improved even further. TiAl-specimens were treated only with fluorine and with F-containing compounds in several ways and their performance during high temperature oxidation tests in air was investigated. Results of isothermal and thermocyclic oxidation tests are presented. The results are discussed in terms of a later use of the fluorine effect for technical applications.
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