Papers by Author: Anne Laure Helbert

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Authors: Fyaçal Baira, Mosbah Zidani, Hichem Farh, Salim Messaoudi, Toufik Ziar, Anne Laure Helbert, Thierry Baudin
Abstract: Copper destined for electrical cabling require a compromise of mechanical properties and electrical resistivity. The drawing process accompanied by the formation of crystalline defects, such as gaps and dislocations, which leads to the increase in hardness, and therefore to the increase in resistivity, a very important characteristic for the conductivity and the efficiency of the cable. The scope of this work is to investigate the phenomenon of deformation texture evolution while copper wire drawn destined for electric cable-making and to understand its relationship with the electrical conductivity. In this study, we notice that the hardness and the resistivity increase with an increase of the deformation level. On the other hand, a slight decrease in the resistivity of the wires was observed after a holding time of 30 min at 260°C. The annealing of wires at 260°C for 9 min of holding time leads to a recrystallisation especially for high deformations and a gradual return of the mechanical properties and of the microstructure towards a state close to the state of the wire rod with the extension of time . The recrystallization texture is composed of the same components as the drawing texture, fibers <111>//ND (Normal Direction) and <001>//ND. The decrease in the intensity of the fiber after annealing is observed. On the other hand, the fiber <001> // ND remains stable.
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Authors: Anne Laure Helbert, Wei Wang, Thierry Baudin, François Brisset, Brisset Penelle
Abstract: The goal of the present study inspired by previous works on high purity aluminiun was to manufacture aluminium sheets of commercial purity, grade 1050, with a strong cube texture. In this preliminary work on AA1050, sheets which cube volume fraction reaches 65% have been manufactured. Parameters controlling cube orientation development are mainly the solute dragging due to impurities in solid solution and the stored deformation energy. Besides the 85% cold rolling (CR), two extra annealings and a slight cold rolling are introduced in the processing route to increase the cube volume fraction. The cube orientation, whose substructure is equiaxed, is important for its recovery. It develops thanks to the difference of stored energy relative to that of its first neighbors; the slight cold rolling enhances growth of these cube grains.
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Authors: Kamel Tirsatine, Hiba Azzeddine, Thierry Baudin, Anne Laure Helbert, Francois Brisset, Djamel Bradai
Abstract: The microstructure and microtexture evolution of a Fe-36%Ni alloy processed by cross accumulative roll-bonding was investigated using Electron BackScatter Diffraction. Deformation led to the development of elongated ultrafine grains parallel to the rolling direction that subsequently became more equiaxed. The grains were more effectivelly refined after CARB than after ARB processing. The grain aspect ratio (l/L) decreased (which means a trend towards elongated sub-grain structure) after 2 and 3 CARB processing cycles and then increased (which means a trend towards equiaxed subgrain structure) from 4 to 5 cycles. The fraction of HAGB, CSL boundaries and the estimated deformed volume fraction gradually increased with increasing number of CARB cycles. Copper-type texture was observed after CARB odd cycles (RD//RD), while after even cycles (RD//TD) a new texture component named H ({012}<221>) was observed.
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Authors: Erell Bonnot, François Brisset, Anne Laure Helbert, Thierry Baudin
Abstract: The Armco iron is one of the purest commercial iron with very low levels of carbon, oxygen and nitrogen. In order to improve the mechanical properties, it is worth applying severe plastic deformation to obtain ultrafine-grained bulk materials, with grain size lower than 1 μm. In this study, samples of Armco iron were subjected to a technique of severe plastic deformation named Accumulative Roll Bonding (ARB). This method consists in rolling to 50% two sheets pack of which the stacked surfaces were initially cleaned. Then, the rolled strip is sectioned in two halves, cleaned and stacked again and the procedure of roll-bonding repeated. Practically, the process can be repeated without limits. The important parameter of ARB is the number of cycles and then the consequent number of layers of the final sample. By means of the Electron Backscattered Diffraction (EBSD) technique, the evolution of both microstructure and texture as regard to the number of ARB cycles was studied. The analysis of mean grains size and high angle grain boundaries (HAGB) fraction as a function of the number of cycles showed an early formation of a subgrained structure with low angle boundaries and then the evolution of the microstructure towards an ultrafine-grained structure with an increase of HAGB.
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Authors: Aicha Loucif, Yi Huang, Anne Laure Helbert, Thierry Baudin, Shima Sabbaghianrad, Terence G. Langdon
Abstract: The influence of High-Pressure Torsion (HPT) on texture and superplasticity in an Al-7075 was studied using X-ray diffraction and tensile testing. The alloy was processed by HPT at room temperature under a pressure of 6.0 GPA up to a maximum of 20 turns. The pole figures were measured at mid-radius of the disks after 1, 5, 10 and 20 turns. The results show the presence of a typical torsion texture during HPT, in particular, the C{001}<110> component was found to develop preferentially. With increasing deformation, the A {111}<110> and the C components are reinforced after 5 turns and the texture tends to be random with the presence of a fibre texture near the center. Moreover, the fraction of C components tends to gradually decrease and a fairly isotropic microtexture is apparent after 20 turns. Tensile testing showed the development of excellent superplastic properties in this alloy with elongations up to ~700% when testing at a temperature of 623 K.
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Authors: Erell Bonnot, François Brisset, Anne Laure Helbert, Thierry Baudin
Abstract: The Armco iron is one of the purest commercial iron with very low levels of carbon, oxygen and nitrogen. In order to improve the mechanical properties, it is worth applying severe plastic deformation to obtain ultrafine-grained bulk materials, with grain size <1µm. In this study, samples of Armco iron were subjected to a technique of severe plastic deformation named Accumulative Roll Bonding (ARB). The important parameter of ARB is the number of cycles and then the von Mises equivalent strain. By means of the Electron BackScattered Diffraction (EBSD) technique, the texture evolution with the number of cycles was studied. The microhardness was also measured in function of the equivalent strain. Finally, the mean grain size and the fraction of high angle grain boundaries were determined as a function of the number of cycles.
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Authors: Kévin Verstraete, Anne Laure Helbert, Francois Brisset, Thierry Baudin
Abstract: The present study aims to study the texture heterogeneity of an AA5754/AA6061 composite processed by cross accumulative roll-bonding at room temperature. Both Al alloys were first roll-bonded with a 50% reduction and the product was cut in half. Then, both parts were stacked and finally another roll-bonding was carried out but the initial rolling direction was turned by 90°. As a result, a strong gradient appears in the thickness of the composite because of shearing but also due to the alloys composition dissimilarity. As a consequence, it appears each of the four resulted layers has its own texture. In the bulk, AA5754 layer promotes the ND-rotated Brass {011}<755> and S {123}<634> components while AA6061 develops the ND-rotated Brass and Dillamore {4 4 11}<11 11 8> components. On the surface, AA5754 favors the Dillamore component whereas AA6061 shows the rotated-Cube {001}<110> component.
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