Papers by Author: Bahaa I. Kazem

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Authors: Bashra Kadhim Oleiwi, Hubert Roth, Bahaa I. Kazem
Abstract: In this study, we developed an Ant Colony Optimization (ACO) - Genetic Algorithm (GA) hybrid approach for solving the Multi objectives Optimization global path planning (MOPP) problem of mobile robot. The ACO optimization algorithm is used to find the sub-optimal collision free path which then used as initial population for GA. In the proposed modified genetic algorithms, specific genetic operator such as deletion operator is proposed, which is based on domain heuristic knowledge, to fit the optimum path planning for mobile robots. The objective of this study is improving GA performance for efficient and fast selection in generating the Multi objective optimal path for mobile robot navigation in static environment. First we used the proposed approach to evaluate its ability to solve single objective problem in length term as well as we compared it with traditional ACO and simple GA then we extended to solve Pareto optimality ideas based on three criteria: length, smoothness and security, and making it Multi objective Hybrid approach. The proposed approach is tested to generate the single and multi objective optimal collision free path. The simulation results show that the mobile robot travels successfully from one location to another and reaches its goal after avoiding all obstacles that are located in its way in all tested environment and indicate that the proposed approach is accurate and can find a set Pareto optimal solution efficiently in a single run.
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Authors: Bashra Kadhim Oleiwi, Hubert Roth, Bahaa I. Kazem
Abstract: In this study, modified genetic algorithm (MGA) and A* search method (A*) is proposed for optimal motion planning of mobile robots. MGA utilizes the classical search and modified A* to establish a sub-optimal collision-free path as initial solution in simple and complex static environment. The enhancements for the proposed approach are presented in initialization stage and enhanced operators. Five objective functions are used to minimize traveling length, time, smoothness, security and trajectory and to reduce the energy consumption for mobile robots by using Cubic Spline interpolation curve fitting for optimal planned path. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the proposed approach performance by taking into consideration the effect of changing the number of iteration (it) and the size of population (pop) on its performance index. The simulation results show the effectiveness of proposed approach in governing the robot’s movements successfully from start to goal point after avoiding all obstacles its way in all tested environment. In addition, the results indicate that the proposed approach can find the optimal solution efficiently in a single run. This approach has been carried out by GUI using a popular engineering programming language, MATLAB.
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