Papers by Author: Berthold Scholtes

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Authors: Jens Gibmeier, Manuela Klaus, Berthold Scholtes
Abstract: The deformation behavior of the magnesium base alloy AZ31 was studied by means of energy dispersive diffraction using high energy synchrotron radiation. The investigations were performed at the EDDI-beamline operated by the Hahn-Meitner-Institute at Bessy II, Berlin. In-situ stress analyses were carried out for samples subjected to purely elastic as well as elasto-plastic 4- point-bending. In addition reversely loaded states were investigated. The results impressively illustrate the potential of the energy dispersive diffraction analysis processed in transmission mode for residual stress analysis of challenging material states. Inhomogeneous loading and residual stress distributions with respect to the bending height of the prestressed bars were determined for the highly textured material state indicating different predominant deformation mechanisms during tensile loading and compressive loading, respectively. After load inversion also the predominant deformation mechanisms reverse.
Authors: Andreas Nau, Berthold Scholtes
Abstract: There is a strong need for reliable residual stress measurements. On the one hand, residual stresses can be beneficial, when they are adapted to external loads. On the other hand, they can be detrimental, when they are unknown. Thus, their occurrence can lead to an uneconomical oversizing of components or in their failure, as well. Apart from diffraction methods, mechanical methods are well recognized in order to determine unknown residual stress states. Depending on the applied method, specific boundary conditions have to be taken into account. In the case of mechanical methods like the hole-drilling and the ring-core method, the characteristics of the geometry of the component should be in accordance with an ideal and thick plate. The reason behind is the need for a calibration data set to transform strains into stresses. The calibration is usually carried out numerically. For the sake of simplicity, the geometry of the component is an ideal thick plate and the hole is introduced in its center. However, in most cases, this is not identical with the geometry of the component under investigation. Hence, an application tool was designed that enables the parametric design of a Finite Element Model, the determination of calibration coefficients, the evaluation of the experiment and the visualization of the results for geometries of practical importance. So far, the application tool can represent plates variable in their geometries and in positioning of the point of measurement. The option for other geometries are also possible e.g. a turbine blade.
Authors: Jens Gibmeier, Berthold Scholtes
Authors: Andreas Nau, Goetz G. Feldmann, Joao P. Nobre, Wolfgang Zinn, Berthold Scholtes
Abstract: The incremental hole-drilling method is the method of choice to determine residual stress depth distributions with limited costs and minor destruction of the investigated component. With a spatial resolution of commonly two millimeters in diameter and one millimeter in depth especially the effects of frequently used surface treatments like e.g. shot peening or deep rolling can be reliably detected if the in depth residual stress gradients are relatively smooth. Nevertheless up to now the quantitative accuracy of the method is poor for residual stress analyses close to the materials surface up to depths of approximately 0.2 mm and in the case of steep in-depth residual stress gradients or oscillating residual stress depth distributions. In this paper, residual stress depth distributions of a broad range introduced by mechanical surface-treatments in flat specimens were analyzed with the hole-drilling method and compared with the results measured by X-ray diffraction as the reference. It comes out, that arbitrary residual stress depth distributions can be successfully determined with a modified differential evaluation formalism. For this purpose, often neglected well known weak points of the hole-drilling method were considered and improved, e.g. hole geometry, numerical calibration and data conditioning. Especially, the proposed strategy of data conditioning results in an almost user-independent evaluation formalism.
Authors: Joao P. Nobre, Martin Kornmeier, A. Morão Dias, Berthold Scholtes
Authors: Joao P. Nobre, U. Noster, Martin Kornmeier, A. Morão Dias, Berthold Scholtes
Authors: Jens Gibmeier, Stefan Hartmann, Berthold Scholtes
Abstract: Various methods have been proposed in recent years for the determination of mechanical properties of a material by using instrumented indentation testing. These load and depth sensing indentation techniques imply the measurement of a characteristic load-indentation depth curve by the aid of which numerous materials properties can be extracted. On the other hand in many publications the effect of applied or residual stresses on the results of hardness readings is investigated. Methods are proposed to estimate applied or residual stresses by means of instrumented indentation testing. Based on this obvious inconsistency between these procedures on the use of information of instrumented hardness testing the influence of residual stresses as well as applied stresses on continuous microhardness readings is systematically investigated for steel samples. Experimental investigations were supplemented by finite element simulations of ball indentation tests on equi-biaxially prestressed materials states. These simulations show that the registered force-indentation depth curves as well as the geometry of the indentations are affected by loading and residual stresses in a characteristic way. For hardness values changes of up to 35% are determined with reference to the unstressed initial state.
Authors: I. Altenberger, U. Noster, B.L. Boyce, J.O. Peters, Berthold Scholtes, Robert O. Ritchie
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